TRAITS. The adult Fulgora laternaria measures up to 10cm. It has yellow-brown tones, mottled with black and white patterned marks and a waxy head, thorax. The fulgorid insect Fulgora laternaria (often misspelled "lanternaria"), is a planthopper known Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. Figure 2. Typical fulgorid silhoutte, in this case Enchophora sanguinea Distant. Ó Photo: Piotr Naskrecki. Figure 3. Fulgora laternaria Linneaus sitting on a tree at.

Fulgora Laternaria Pdf

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The two species of Fulgora are synonymized by Ridout. New combinations include and Knull ), Fulgora laternaria (L.) on. Hymenaea. PDF | RESUMEN Se discuten mitos, leyendas y estrategias de Fulgora laternaria Linneaus sitting on a tree at the Biotopo del Manatí, Izabal. mens of Fulgora are up to 10 cm long with a also a song about Fulgora, La Machaca, in the. Andes, but 1 the lantern fly head process {Fulgora laternaria .

Validation, under the Plenary Powers, of the generic name Fulgora Linnaeus, Class Insecta, Order Hemiptera and designation for the genus so named of a type species in harmony with current nomenclatorial practice.

Kemal M. Cesa News 15— Kirkaldy G. Memoirs on Oriental Rhynchota. Lallemand V.

De quibusdam fulgoris. Faunes asiatique et australienne. Leong T.

Records of the lantern bug, Laternaria oculata Westwood, Homoptera: Fulgoridae: Fulgorinae in Singapore, with notes on Zanna nobilis Westwood, Nature in Singapore 2: — Liang A. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 23 1 : 41— Metcalf Z. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle IV Fulgoroidea. Part 9 Fulgoridae.

Nagai S. Fulgoridae 2. This character was unor- 3. In order to account for branch length and phylogenetic between the harmonic means of the two analyses being uncertainty, ancestral states were reconstructed on the last compared.

However, the best performance was the Bayesian analysis. The Markov k-state one-parameter model not obtained by the model with the greatest number of partitions Lewis, was used, which assumes that rates of change in i.


Ancestral states rather the P8 heterogeneous model performed the best. Results for making such comparisons e. After the ambiguously ian analysis is shown in Fig. Because branch lengths for outgroup taxa were quite long, retained for analyses. Maximum parsimony analyses of combined data set.

The legend lists the conditions under which each additional MP analysis was run, corresponding to the shaded cells depicted at the nodes. Table 2 Nodal support for Fig.

For each node in Fig. Bootstrap support values result from 1, bootstrap analysis replicates.

For each ingroup node in Fig. Node Post. Maximum likelihood topology. Outgroup branch lengths are shown as inset. The topology shown was obtained from the 15, post burn-in trees sampled in the P8 heterogeneous analysis.

File:Fulgoridae - Fulgora laternaria.JPG

An example of a head from each included genus is illustrated next to its position in the topology. For taxa lacking an extended head process, a dorsal view of the head is depicted; a lateral view is shown for taxa with a head process. MP tree score ln : Constrained Bayesian vs. Constrained ML vs. Constrained Family: Fulgoridae Dictyopharidae only relative branch lengths for cixiid and tree 3.

Discussion Zanna , as well as the rejection of four of the seven subfamilies tested Amyclinae, Aphaeninae, Fulgorinae, and Poiocerinae. Only the subfamilies Phenacinae and Zanninae were were generally consistent across phylogenetic reconstruction recovered as monophyletic in all analyses, and therefore, were methodology. Uncorrected pairwise distances and base frequencies not statistically rejected. The monophyly of Xosopharinae could computed for each gene and codon position indicated that the not be tested, nor could that of the tribes Limoisini, Lystrini, and genes sequenced here appear to be evolving differently, and the Paralystrini, as each was represented by single exemplars.

The tribes Aphaenini, Diloburini, partitions.

Taken together, results of the present study support the follow- 3. Mapping the head process onto the ML topology across fulgorid evolution.

The monophyly of Fulgoridae excluding Zanna is performed on the last sampled trees of the P8 heterogeneous a strongly supported node in the Bayesian topology Fig. The consistent placement of Zanna outside of and Paralystra. Additionally, there seems to be some convergence Fulgoridae suggests that this genus is more closely allied with the with regard to head process shape across rather distantly related family Dictyopharidae and indeed, may even be within Dictyophar- lineages e.

Previous studies have used the presence of bra, and Enhydria. Although he 4.

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Biogeography retained Zanna in Fulgoridae, Emeljanov hypothesized that Zanna is among the most ancient fulgorid lineages Emeljanov Relationships among Old World taxa differed across analyses; Additional insight into the placement of Zanna may be gained however, in all topologies, a monophyletic lineage of New World by considering host plant associations.

According to Emeljanov Fulgoridae was consistently recovered.

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Wilson et al. Although host plant records are not available The results of this study also provide evidence for two alterna- for Zanna, all three species included in the present study were tive biogeographic hypotheses to explain the distribution of extant collected in grassland habitats we collected multiple individuals Fulgoridae: the hypothesis of an Old World origin suggested by of one Zanna species from grasses, but actual feeding was not MP and Bayesian analyses and that of a sister relationship observed.

In addition to Zanna, the only two known grass feeders biogeographic region of origin is coded for each terminal taxon. Unfortunately, of the taxa represented separated from Gondwana.

The alternative hypothesis Fig. Szwedo et al. By mya, Gondwana had fragmented Briggs, ; identifying synapomorphic characters for the major monophyletic the timing of this separation is consistent with either hypothesis lineages of Fulgoridae. To examine the evolution of fulgorid head morphology, an example of a head from each included genus is illustrated near its position 5. Conclusions in the Bayesian topology Fig.

Some Dictyopharidae also have elongate head processes Fig. Results evolution of the unusual fulgorid head morphology, and ex- obtained from mapping this character across all topologies using plored biogeographic patterns in fulgorid distribution. A greater both parsimony and likelihood methods support this hypothesis, understanding of fulgorid evolution will require additional and indicate from three to seven subsequent losses of the head investigation employing both molecular and morphological data.

Of particular importance in distinguishing Fulgoridae from Dict- J. Biogeographic hypotheses. Phylogeny of the major lineages of Membracoidea Insecta: Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha based on nov , as intermediate between the two families, all 28S rDNA sequences. The problem of the family distinction between the the Middle East, India, and Malaysia Metcalf, Greater Fulgoridae and the Dictyopharidae Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha.

A new genus and tribe of Strongylodematinae Homoptera: tion presented here. Because biogeographic distributions and Fulgoridae. Zoosystematica Rossica 3 1 , The Fulgoridae Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha of Guatemala.

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In: Cano, E. Universidad del Valle de in its sister family, the Dictyopharidae, a more thorough under- Guatemala, Guatemala, pp. Science , — Hogue, C. Observations on the plant hosts and possible mimicry models of evolution. Homoptera: Fulgoridae.

Acknowledgments Kass, R. Bayes factors. Katoh, K. Nucleic Acids Res. McCabe, M. Adams, K. Miller, G. Sven- Kergoat, G.

Bartlett, H. The cicada-snake feeds on vegetable sap and fruit nectar with a sucking device, which is considered a stinger but is devoid of venom and is actually harmless. The fear and lack of information about these insects can cause problems when people come in contact with the insect. There are reports of administering antiofidic serum to patients exposed to the insect, which is without basis or reason 5.

It is important to make the general population and health personnel aware that this insect is harmless, and there are no negative consequences if one comes in contact with the insect 4 - 6. Acknowledgment We would like to acknowledge Mr. Branner JC. The reputation of the lantern fly. Am Nat. Costa-Neto EM.Phylogeny of the Rasnitsyn, A. Adults can be found from June to December. Sanford, and for Bull. Mason, R. Maximum likelihood topology. J Am Acad Dermatol.

Discussion Zanna , as well as the rejection of four of the seven subfamilies tested Amyclinae, Aphaeninae, Fulgorinae, and Poiocerinae. Normark, G. Nylander, J.

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