In the biblical Book of Genesis, Cain and Abel are the first two sons of Adam and Eve. Cain, the firstborn, was a farmer, and his brother Abel was a shepherd. 4 Adam[a] made love to his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him. And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the The title of the sacred book of Islam is variously Romanised as Koran, Quran.

Book Of Cain And Abel

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The Biblical Narrative of Cain and Abel reveal clues to this story that are often overlooked. Cain slew Abel because (God) accepted the sacrifice of Abel, and did not accept the offering of Cain. 3. And he slew him in the field: and his blood cried from the. The "Story of Two Brothers" is an account of the first death that took place on Planet Earth due to the jealousy of the elder brother, Cain.

In Hebrew thought, ones name is reflective of one's character and the Hebraic meanings of the names of "Cain and Abel" are windows into their characters. Cain is a possessor, one who has substance while Abel is empty of substance.

This may seem odd to us, because we have always assumed that Abel was the good guy and Cain the bad, but this is an oversimplification of the facts, as according to their names, a reflection of their character, Cain is what we would call "a man of character," but Abel is "vain. In the normal Hebraic accounting of multiple births the conception then birth of each child is mentioned such as we can see in Genesis where it states that Leah conceived and bore a son, and then she conceived again and bore a son.

Note that there are two conceptions and two births. But notice how it is worded in Genesis RSV Notice that there is only one conception, but two births. The Hebrew word for "again" is asaph, meaning to add something, in this case the birthing of Abel was added to the birthing of Cain. Cain and Abel were twins. Their professions According to the Biblical text, Abel was a shepherd. The KJV uses the word "keeper," but the Hebrew word ro'eh means shepherd.

Cain is a "tiller of the ground.

Cain and Abel

Therefore, Cain, who is the older of the twins, takes on the profession of his father, a very common occurrence in the Hebrew culture. I should note that while Adam, Eve, Cain and Abel are not Hebrews by definition, they are the forefathers of the Hebrew people.

Their sacrifices When the two boys brought their sacrifices to God, Cain, the farmer, brought fruit from the ground he worked and Abel, the shepherd, brought sheep from his flock. We are then told that God had respect for Abel's sacrifice, but not for Cain's, but we are not told why Cain's sacrifice was not respected.

Something of interest that can be gleaned from this story is that we often assume the first commands by God were given to Moses at Mt. Sinai, but this is evidently not the case, God gave his commands, or at least some of them, to Adam and Eve and their children and it is apparent from the narrative that Abel obeyed those commands, but Cain did not. Because God did not respect Cain's sacrifice Cain was angry and sad. Then God gives him some instructions.

The first of these is; " If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? Then God says, " and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door.

Lastly God says, " And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him. It is important to understand that in Hebrew all nouns are either masculine or feminine. For instance, the earth is feminine, but the sky heaven is masculine and the word for fish is feminine, but the word for bird is masculine.

The Hebrew word for sin is hhatah, which is a feminine noun. If the "his" and "him," which by the way are the correct gender for the pronouns in the Hebrew text, were referring to "sin," then the correct pronouns would have been "hers" and "her. Their Relationship Let's take a closer look at that the last part of what God told Cain. Here is a literal rendering of this passage from the Hebrew; "and toward you is his desire but you will rule over him.

In the passage about Adam and Eve, Eve is to follow her husband and her husband is to rule over her. In the passage about Cain and Abel, "he" is to follow Cain and Cain is to rule over "him. Remember that Cain was born first and is therefore, according to Hebrew tradition, the leader.

But apparently, Abel is attempting to take over the leadership, possibly because he felt superior to Cain as his sacrifice was accepted by God. Also, don't forget that Cain's character was one of substance and Abel's was one of vanity.

Articles about Cain and Abel - Bible Story

And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. This is a pretty straight-forward passage, but it has been altered in order for it to make sense. It is not uncommon for the translators to "fix" the text so that it can be understood by the reader easily. And the first death in history , it is worth underlining, was a murder. Of course we are angry at Cain.

Nevertheless, it is not difficult to understand his resentment, even his rage. But he should have restrained himself. If Cain wished to reproach someone, he should have addressed God, and not his younger brother.

Cain, the older brother, should have been pleased for Abel! Was Cain unable to control his anger? Well, that is understandable.

But to throw himself on his more fortunate brother and kill him! Too much! In the midrashic literature, the antagonism between the two brothers is not limited to the story about their offerings to the Lord.

In the midrash, they inherited their dispute from their parents: Cain took the land for himself, and Abel received everything else. Another midrashic suggestion: Cherchez la femme—so let us look for the woman. According to this explanation, the two brothers were both in love with their mother; in another version, with their sister.

A third theory: Each wanted to have the Temple of Jerusalem built in his domain. In short, the first fight in human history was also the first religious war. These three hypotheses suggest an interesting viewpoint—that Cain is not the sole guilty party. We can now consider each of the participants as an accomplice. As a matter of fact, at a still higher level, the Talmud does not hesitate to insinuate precisely this. And when they were in the field, Cain set upon his brother and killed him.

Is it possible that Abel did not pay attention to what his brother said? Was that his sin?


His brother, rebuffed, rejected, needed to tell someone of his grief—and he, Abel, was not even listening! This insensitivity is what makes him guilty. His flash of anger is not enough to make it a crime of passion worthy of extenuating circumstances. If he was justified in holding a grudge, it should have been against God; he was wrong to lay the blame on his brother.

Had he cried out to the heavens to express his pain, even to vent his rage, all would have been forgiven. Powerless against God, Cain took vengeance on the only being near him. That was his fault.When Cain realized what he'd done, he was more concerned that someone might have seen what he'd done than he was sorry for his brother's death. However, in the Hypostasis of the Archons , Eve is raped by a pair of Archons.

It was hard for Abel to give up his most prized possession, but it was important to him to try his best to do as God had asked. Eve did not know what murder was or how death felt like. Hebrew Bible , collection of writings that was first compiled and preserved as the sacred books of the Jewish people.

Show related SlideShares at end. Le Jeu d'Adam 12th century Cain

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