This is the book Writers' Handbook (v. ). This book is licensed under a Creative Commons by-nc-sa ( A writer's problem does not change. He himself changes and the world he lives in changes but his problem remains the same. It is always how. Six Sigma. Handbook. A Complete Guide for Green Belts,. Black Belts, and Managers at All Levels The Six Sigma Handbook.

The Writers Handbook Pdf

Language:English, Indonesian, Japanese
Country:Solomon Islands
Published (Last):30.08.2016
ePub File Size:26.42 MB
PDF File Size:19.65 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Registration needed]
Uploaded by: SHARONDA

most accurate available at the time of preparation and was taken from the MLA Handbook for. Writers of Research Papers (7 th edition) and The. Like previous editions, the ninth edition of The Business Writer's Handbook is a comprehensive, easy-access guide to all aspects of business writing in the. That means either you're a kid who loves to write, or you're a parent looking for a book to encourage your child's love of writing, or you 're just in a books tore.

This book is recommended for writers at any stage of their passion.

You'll probably be inspired to read it from cover to cover. But also keep it handy as a reference guide. If you're new to writing, certain articles may resonate with you now while others will draw you in later. However, you decide to use this book, relish it with the author's blessings, for she has charted the course on which you are now embarking. Reviews What distinquishes Patricia Fry from so many others in the business is her willingness to share her expertise and, more importantly, countless wonderful tips and strategies that are sure to benefit novice and seasoned writers alike.

Writers at all levels and interests would be wise to invest in this well-crafted manual. Also has chapters for the writer tackling book authoring. Of course, there are many such books on the market, but this goes a few steps farther in several areas, such as recycling previously written work and selling it again in several ways for additional income with little extra effort.

The book reads as though she were giving you good advice across the kitchen table. Think about what you know and what you've learned, what you've seen and observed, everything you've loved or hated. Inside this pile of experience lies your writer's gold. You're looking around the classroom, scoping out potential friends. A certain person catches your eye. Maybe it's the fact that this person has a hole in his jeans and he's doodling a 19 map of I dah o on his kneecap.

Or maybe you like the way she boldly corrects the teacher's pronunciation ofher last name. This person interests you, and you'd like to get to know him or her better. I choose my characters the way I choose my friends. They interest me. I may even admire them in certain ways. They may not be perfect-in fact, they're more interesting if they aren't-but I definitely want to know them better. So I write about them. Hmmm, You Look Familiar: Basing Your Character on Someone You Know by Ellen There's nothing wrong with basing your character on someone you know, providing you make the character different enough from the real person so that no one gets offended.

You can change the character's hair color; give them large, round glasses; make them a different ethnicity; or give them a different life history. Or you may want to take only two or three of the real person's outstanding qualities i.

Do this for your own sake as well as for the real person. If your character is too 20 much like the real person, it will be hard for you to imagine danger, danger! Being a ter on someone you know writer gives you tremen- is that you may be able to bring your character to life fairly easily. For instance , dous power, so use it carefully. It will be easier to visualize your character since you know the real-life version! Now think of the thing you admire most about each of them.

Combine those two qualities into one person and write about that person in the following situation: She or he is walking down the street and a strange man hands your character a small sealed carton and says, " Don' t let anything happen to this! What does your character do next? This is a lot like baking cookies from scratch versus baking from a mix. When you bake your characters from scratch, you start by gathering up the different qualities that you want your main character to have.

Here's an example. Think of six qualities for a character and write a recipe for him or her. Creating a Main Character for Your lngenious Story I dea by Ellen Do you have a mind-blowingly brilliant idea for a story but no ideas for a main character? Sometimes when you have a great story idea, it's tempting to not pay as much attention to creating great characters for the story.

The truth is, though, that no matter how terrific your story idea is, you need strong characters to keep readers' interest. Without a vivid, interesting, authentic main character, even the best story idea will fall flat. You can certainly create a character to fit your ingenious story idea; just be sure to let him or her idea finder develop fully.

For example, let's say you're dying to write If you are fresh out of about an abused horse that ingenious ideas-or any refuses to be tamed. You're probably going to want to create a main character who is able to tame that horse, right? You'll have to ask yourself what qualities that person should have. Maybe he'll be able to sympathize with the horse because he has been treated poorly too.

Or maybe he'll have an incredible gift for "talking" to animals. Truth or Dare: Getting to Know Your Character's Deep, Dark Secrets by Ellen Maybe it's the sugar rush from all the junk food or the fact that you get overtired and goofy, but people tend to tell each other all their deep, dark secrets at sleepover parties.

You need to know your characters' deep, dark secrets too, in order to convince your characters that they are alive.

I know that sounds weird. I know you're supposed to convince your readers that your characters are alive, not the characters themselves. But if you take the time to get to know your characters well, they will start to think and act for themselves. You'll know this is happening when ideas unexpectedly pop into your head as you write.

You'll suddenly know exactly what your character would say or how they would react to something. On the other hand, if you try and make the character do something they really 24 wouldn't do, you might feel like your story is taking a wrong turn see "Don't Be a Bully" in Section 7 on page One way to convince your characters that they are alive is to get really nosy. Find out everything you can about them.

Find out what embarrasses them, what makes them laugh, what makes them cringe. Find out how your characters react to stressful situations. Sometimes I like to get to know my characters before I start writing. At other times, l'll plunge right into the story and find out about my characters as l'm writing. Either way, inviting your character to a sleepover party is a great way of finding out all the things they might be trying to hide from you. Here's what you do. Writing is all about pretending.

They will answer you, I promise. At first it will feel like the answers are coming from your own brain, but you are sort of sharing a brain with your character at this point. You are imagining what it is like to be them a very useful skill, both in writing and in life!

What is your happiest memory? What makes you laugh so hard soda shoots out of your nose? What don't you want anyone to find out about you? What is the best part of your personality? What shoes do you usually wear? Name some things that you are not very good at. How would your best friend describe how you look? What irritates you i.

The Business Writer's Handbook, Ninth Edition

What are you afraid of? Tell me about your family. What does your bedroom look like? What do you think of yourself when you look in the mirror? What's the most embarrassing thing that has ever happened to you? Do you have a crush on anyone? Now pay attention. Here is the number one most important question you can ask your character. It might be an object, like an electric guitar. It might be that your character wants a friend.

It might be that your character wants to feel good about himself. Your character's heart's desire is what propels your story forward. If your story were a car, your character's heart's desire would be the engine. Think about what you're doing right this second. You're reading Spilling Ink. Maybe it's because you want to kill some time before you go to soccer practice. Maybe it's because your aunt gave you this book for your birthday and you're going to see her this Saturday and you know that she's going to ask you how you liked it.

Or maybe it's because you really, really want to be an author. Whatever the reason, you are reading this book because you want something. In fact, if you think about nearly everything that you do in a day, you can trace it back to a "want. As you write your story, always try to think about what your character wants, from the tiniest want to the heart's desire. It can be anything from wanting a particular bully to leave you alone , to wanting riding lessons, to wanting your best friend to move back from Japan.

Now pick the thing on the list you want the most and think of all the ways you could attain that thing, from the realistic to the ridiculous. Write a short scene in which you try out one of those ideas, and see what happens. Finding the right name for your character is often the first step in convincing your characters that they are alive.

Not only is it a great way to get to know them, but it's also just plain fun. I go about finding names in several different ways.

Read the phone book. You'll be amazed at some of the strange names you find. I found the names Strawberry Lemon and Axel Greasy in one of my phone books. I wrote them down in my journal and am still waiting for the chance to use them in a book. Baby-name books are a great resource, with the added bonus that you learn what each name means. Knowing the origin and meaning of your character's name can deepen your understanding of the character.

Even if you're writing fantasy, you can find some otherworldly sounding names that might work beautifully. You can make up the name out of your imagination. Sit quietly with a pen and paper and think about your character's personality.

Startjotting down any names that pop into your head. Just mess around with different sounds. Pair a long first name with a short last name or vice versa. When you're done, read over your list of names and consider the first impressions that those names gtve you. If you keep a journal and I strongly suggest that you do , write down names that catch your attention. Some day, one of those names might be the Jl perfect match for a character.

That's exactly what happened with my character Olivia Kidney. Blackberries, blueberries, and raspberries grew wild there. On summer days, I went out with a pail. Thorns scratched my arms and tore my clothes. I came home with stained fingers and no appetite. What I loved most of all was the overflowing, crazy generosity of nature. Did you know that ideas are everywhere, growing wild, yours for the picking? If you miss one or two, nature will offer you many more.

Don't ever worry about running out of ideas. They're infinite. They're all around you. And everyone has them- even if they don't realize it.

A very famous writer once answered the question by saying something like, "the third aisle ofWoolworth's, on the b ottom shelf. Even unusual ideas come from ordinary places. Mine come from my life and experiences, my wishes and dreams, hopes and disappointments. I also get ideas from family and friends, from total strangers, from people I glimpse on a bus, things l've overheard by accident, and from what I read in books or newspapers. And it might be the second shelf in the fourth aisle, I don 't remember.

Wool worth 's what we used to have instead of Km art and Target has gone out of business since Mr. King wrote that article. I don't k. For me, at least, ideas are rarely horn fully formed. They take a long time to develop. Many of my ideas sit in my files for seven years, or longer, before I know what to do with them. For example, my fantasy novel, The Oxboy, began with a poem that I wrote one evening with a good friend. The two of us were both writers and mothers of small children, and neither of us had enough writing time.

So we decided to meet once a week to write together. Using a line of poetry, or a random sentence as a jumping off point, we wrote as fast as we could. It was wild, exhilarating funfor a writer. I didn't expect anything serious to come out of these sessions, but in one of them I wrote the poem that inspired The Oxboy. I don't remember how the poem began, but I do remember the deep and powerful feeling I had as I wrote it.

It echoed in my head for months.

The idea of an animal being more human than a human being fascinated me. Yet it wasn't enough to work with. I tried over and over to write a story about it and failed every time. Luckily I had a second, unrelated idea rolling around in my mind. It was 35 about a boy who kept a talking animal under his bed at night. One day the two ideas merged in my mind. I began to write a book about a boy who was half human, half animal, and who lived in a world where he had to hide his animal nature in order to survive.

When I look back, I can never figure out how it all happened in the first place. It can never be completely defined or understood. Are good ideas fated? Do they come by accident? Or do they need a writer who's stubborn enough to keep on trying until she finds what works? You Dare Me! Yes, l'll take that dare Everyone saw the rip in the bottom of your pants.

Any one of these could be the germ of a story. This is one kind of germ you want to catch! But I'm not a mind reader. There might be something even more intriguing happening in your head right now. Take a look and see. But you almost certainly do. There are two possibilities: You don't know where to look for your ideas.

You already have lots of ideas. You just don't realize it yet. When an idea whizzes past you, be ready to grab it. Here's how to do it. Turn on your idea antenna. Remind yourself every morning that you're going to keep a corner of your brain alert for ideas.

Then check in a couple of times a day. Or, "Did you see or hear or experience anything you want to remember? Have a place to note your ideas, such as a notebook, computer, electronic device, or sketch pad.

Have regular "idea-collecting times. A dream might give you an idea, or you might remember something that happened during the day. If an idea hits unexpectedly, grab the nearest piece of paper, or even the back of your hand, to write it down. Please don't get nervous if at first you don't seem to have good ideas. It takes time to be able to recognize them. And sometimes you get a stream of ideas that go nowhere.

I often remind myself that one good idea is sometimes enough to keep me busy for years. But that really powerful idea might take it's time to show up.. So relax and be patient with yourself. If you 're like me and get ten se when people tell you to stay relaxed, it' s okay.

Ideas will still get through. Think of them as termites boring through the floor. They'll find a way in. Don't be afraid of your own thoughts. Lots of people prejudge their ideas as "crazy" or "stupici. Let's check out a few of my published ideas: a boy who's half-human, halfanimal, and who keeps a talking animal under his bed? Two sisters, one of whom has magic and the other doesn't? A boy who transforms his room into a forest to make a home for a salamander? A girl who loves to write and who feels she's not as special as the rest of the people in her family?

Do any of these ideas shout "best-seller" or "award-winning" or even "published work" to you? I won't be offended ifyou say no. In the cold light of reality, ideas don't always look like much. Contrary to what people 39 think, the idea doesn't make the story; it' s what you bring to the idea.

It' s your imagination, enthusiasm, and vision that turn a silly, stupici, or strange idea into storytelling gold. Be sure to write down all your ideas. Let them flow onto paper. Maybe they're not so bad. Maybe they're actually kind of intriguing. If they spark your imagination, they're definitely good. Who knows where they'lllead you?

Once you have them written down, let your ideas sit. Later, you can decide if you want to keep them or not. Be playful with your ideas. Write them on scrap s of paper, put them in a bowl, and randomly pick two or three. Then try to write a story from them.

If you can't get any ideas at all, you can build on other people's ideas. You can take a line from someone else's story and write your own story from it. You can find ideas in movies, television shows, songs, comic books, the news, or in a family story. You can also take a favorite character and write a story about him or her. This is different from copying someone else's words. We all can and should be inspired by other people's work.

Have brainstorming sessions with a friend. The more you look for ideas, the more you'll see them. Soon they'll be swarming around you! Advanced Idea Catchers P.

They aren 't hard. Notice what thoughts jump into your brain when you quit writing.

Have a notepad or scrap paper ready to write them down. Turn on a secret tape recorder or movie camera in your brain. Okay, don't put your ear to your brother's door and try to hear his private conversations. But do keep your ears open for curious sentences 41 that might fly by.

Like, "Mom, can I take a salamander home? Lis ten to your friends' and classmates' conversations. Listen to how they speak and what they say.

Go to the mall. Although I dislike malls, there's always a lot of interesting stuff going on. The mall is like a museum of stuff. You can people watch in the food court. You can stare at the odd gadgets in the electronic stores, such as a fortune-telling telephone or a radio in the shape of a tooth.

Guess which one is real and which I made up. When I had to take one of my kids on a shopping trip to the mall, I often found inspiration for the Abby Hayes series there- even ifl wasn't looking for it. For example, I'd always be amazed at the calendar kiosks that sprung up before the holidays and would stop to look at them, even if I was in a rus h.

There were calendars about outhouses, movie stars, barns, mountain ranges, duet tape, sunsets, puzzles, race cars, words, pigs, mushrooms, rivers, cows, knitting, clouds, state 42 parks, and every type of dog in existence. Since each chapter in an Abby book begins with a quote from a fictitious calendar, the mall calendars inspired me into wild fi ts of imagination. I had great fun inventing calendars for Abby with names like the " Marshmallow" calendar or the "Daily Eyeglass" calendar or the "Supermarkets ofNew Jersey" calendar.

You don't have to go to the mall for accidental inspiration, of course. Some writers find themselves flooded with ideas in museums, libraries, summer camp, apartment buildings, parks, or schools. Or even in their own homes. Keep a dream diary. Writers can unlock characters, story ideas, images, feelings, and experiences through their dreams.

Some writers use dreams as jumping-off points for stories or poems. I starte,d keeping a dream diary in high school and have continued for most of my life. After doing any of these five exercises, do you notice any difference?

Are you more aware of your thoughts or the things that are happening around you? Sometimes you need to relax to let your creative mind do its best work. Wasting time, doing nothing, and even sleeping can be some of your most important writer's tools. Be sure to cultivate them. They are an endless source of fresh creativity. Sometimes ideas only show up when they think you're not watching. They're like mice that wait until the family has gone to bed before they creep out of the floorboards.

But even if you're half asleep, you can still keep a tiny part of your mind alert for when an idea tiptoes out.

It's like turning on a twenty-four-hour movie camera. You forget it's there but, nevertheless, it keeps recording. You may be deeply involved in a chess game or a swimming tournament, or making a necklace, or gossiping with friends, but at the same time, in a very quiet corner of your mind, a writer is watching. Or perhaps you really are doing nothing. Let your mind roam where it will, but remain gently watchful.

I get ideas while waiting in lines, staring at the clouds, or lying sick in bed.

The Writer's Handbook.pdf

Ideas show up when l'm washing dishes, waiting for an appointment, or, especially, out on a 44 walk. The idea to do this hook came on a walk. I worked out a lot of its sections while hiking in the woods. And I've! Ideas have a way of swooping down and conquering your mind; the term brainstorm captures this beautifully. Flashes of insight illuminate the mental landscape. Old, tired ways of thinking are swept away. Nothing is better than a good creative storm!

Here it is: I never plot out my books. I don't write story outlines; I don't think about themes before I start writing. Frankly, I often don't know what's going to happen from one page to the next. I just stalk my characters. I become a sort of"character groupie," follow46 ing close enough behind them to see what they will do.

They nearly always do something far more interesting than anything I might have thought up ifl had outlined the plot beforehand. I usually have a vague idea of what the story will be about because I generally know beforehand what my main character really, really wants see "Heart's Desire" in Section 4 on page Sometimes I have an inkling of what might happen in the near future, or there may be a cool scene that I would love to include toward the end of the book.

But I know the chunks of information. The X-ray technician. The story cannot be as dense as the slab of details I've constructed. And those shards— sometimes they lodge like pebbles in my shoe. What a mess. On the other hand. Self-expression is often self-indulgence.

I hope. It is lengthy and indirect. Autobiography knows all too well how to creep in through the keyhole. I am not recommending that you dissect every creative experience. I realized that a writer must combine rational structure and method—for example. My friend was rather surprised at this "conscious control" of creativity. We need to be open to serendipity. After we spoke. The unsummoned inspirational component of writing is a subject for research by psychologists.

Newton serendipity. Hearing French spoken on the busy streets of Montreal. As I subsequently researched the town for my mystery. After eight years of intending. Through a clearing. I still can't explain it. I was able to apply my knowledge of Portuguese names. I drove there one evening on a twisting road through groves of eucalyptus trees. In my own case serendipity prompted me to visit a town. Half Moon Bay has a Portuguese community that sponsors a picturesque annual parade.

And later. Travel If you can afford it. Half Moon Bay was a "fortunate discovery" indeed. I became interested in Portugal's history. The result was Costa Azul. Here is the serendipitous part. Less famous than Valley Forge. Once you accept the waiting as constructive idleness—a gift of time when you are free to let your mind wander or compose—you may actually enjoy the journey as much as the destination.

Take a new look at your neighboring towns. I felt that this would be a perfect setting for a historical novel. It is pleasurable to leave the driving to the bus or train driver.

If public transportation is not practical. You'll gain many impressions exploring. Like most teenagers I yearned to escape from my hometown for more exciting places. New York. Free to members. Yet I wasn't far from New Windsor. Adventure can be as close as your neighboring town. Use public transportation. Always bring a notebook to record them. Feeding your creativity Here is an outline for using an excursion to feed your creativity: By varying your routine journeys.

If possible. As an exercise. Collect brochures and newspapers. All roads can lead to serendipity. Visit local bookstores. Carefully observe the physical look of the place: Observe people downloading. The reason I am nattering on about this is that I have come to.

So if these notes survive me. If my writing is going well. I write these entries. If they were collected and published. These notations are all so embarrassing that I am hoping for at least a week's notice to hunt them down and destroy all the bits and pieces before my demise.

BECAUSE I know that real writers keep voluminous journals so fascinating that the world can hardly wait until they die to read the published versions.

But it's not quite true. I'd be doing it. If I had kept a proper journal. I do make journal-like entries in used schoolgirl spiral notebooks. I was asked. I started to get questions from people that I had trouble answering in any helpful way: How do you begin? It is not an idle or trick question. As soon as my books after years of struggle began to be published.

I know now that I had failed her. I know. I am ashamed to say. The questioner would thank me politely. I would often laugh at this. Which was true.

A Writer’s Handbook – Fourth Edition

Books don't get written in three days a year. I would like to apologize publicly. It is a cry from the heart. I have to begin again. I want to write. There are several novels out there with my name on the cover. When no inspiration ever comes. You're scared what you might say won't be up to snuff? Scared people might laugh at you? Scared you might despise yourself? You just have to let it low.

What have I done those other times? How have I gotten from that feeling of stony hopelessness? How do I break through that barrier as hard as sunbaked earth to the springs of creativity? That's what all those aborted journal notes are about.

Not a single thing? Not a single thing worth saying. I'm there now. I have a conversation with myself on paper: What's the matter? What do you mean "what's the matter? How do I know there's still anything in here? You don't. They are the cry when I simply cannot begin. II you start judging. So what happens? I've begun and ended over and over again through the years. But how do I begin? I don't know.

But then. I just happen to know that it is so important to my psychic health to do this that I'm willing to take the risk.

Now you understand why I have to burn this stuff before I die. I don't? You don't know what it's like pouring out your guts to the world. Ah yes. Could be fun. Of course I do. Critic won't be up.

I've been right before. Whatever happened to that wonderful idea of getting up so early in the morning that the critic in you was still asleep? How do I know it will work this time? You won't know if you don't try.

You're nothing but a two-bit psychologist. We have to become. Talk aloud to ourselves. Make up imaginary companions.

About this book

This child knows that what she has created is marvelous simply because she has made it. She takes joy in the material. She is not too quick to name it. But he is. The unspoiled child allows herself to be surprised with what comes out of herself. We have to remember our early griefs and embarrassments.

No one else has these thoughts. What treasures we have inside ourselves—not just joy and delight but also pain and darkness. But living writers. He stamps his foot because the picture on the page or the green blob on the table falls short of the vision in his head. Only I can share the treasures of the human spirit that are within me.

They mess around to see what will emerge. We have to play. No one else could make this wonderful thing because it has come out of her. My posthumous reputation as a sane person of more than moderate intelligence hangs in the balance.

Tell your child or a trusted friend stories from your past. The Artist's Way. The dialogue may help you understand what is holding you back. I just began writing down the name of every child I could. Anne Lamott suggests in her wonderful book Bird by Bird. Trust me. Like a child. Then when you do read it you may discern a repeated theme pointing you to what you want to begin writing about. Don't let your fear stop you. Begin early in the morning before that critical adult within wakes up.

How do I begin? You could start. Are you afraid that deep down inside you are really shallow? That when you take that dark voyage deep within yourself.

And didn't you mean to share those stories with your children someday anyhow? While I was in the midst of revising this article. Exploring childhood is almost always an effective wedge into what's inside you. I decided to give the "morning pages" a try and heartily recommend the practice.

Cameron suggests three pages of longhand every morning as soon as you get up. Now it's your turn. Bon voyage. Sometimes I appended a note that explained why that child's name was still in my head.

Judging from the notes. Wiley School. There's a bit of courage for the next journey inward. But I did begin. Early-morning exercises explored ways the story might go.

Out of that evoked memory came "Collected Scents. William Styron says he dreamed about a woman with a number tattooed on her arm. The bait may end up as the title for a story. He put aside the book he was having trouble writing and wrote Sophie's Choice. No matter what else you are doing. Because writers are curious and have an innate sense of imagination.

Wherever ideas come from. The people you observe become the ingredients for composite characters. Writers have a keen awareness of their immediate surroundings and of those they remember.

IDEAS are everywhere and anywhere. I expanded on the idea with a piece about my hometown. I was embraced by a distinctive essence so familiar that. Remembering the cloying smell and horrible taste of cod liver oil. I wrote "With a Song in My Heart. I wrote. The energy from that imagined excursion and those spectral images led me to write "Sojourner in the Past" for The Wind-Mill. I would have known I was in my childhood library. A Celebration of Home. In From nearby.

These benevolent ghosts led me through a typical day at the farm as it had been one hundred years earlier. Entering an old library in my hometown in Iowa. On a visit to my ancestral farm in Wisconsin. I published "Guardian of the Books" as a reminiscence about the small-town library and its librarian. Family histories hold a treasure trove of stories. I stood alone in the doorway of the cavernous dilapidated barn.

A compatible blend of old books. After hearing Bob Dylan mumble a song and unable to understand even one word. The sisters were members of an all-girl band that was so popular in the s.

Remarks about my given name. Writers tap into what they know. They can't avoid it. One writer told me about her adoption in after being sent to Minnesota on the Orphan Train. Conversations with friends or strangers have yielded many ideas.

I published that story. Human beings are who they are because of what they know. With only scant information from two obituaries.

Both were struck and killed by lightning. A remark by a man in my writer's group and an aside by another writer gave me an idea for a humor piece. Much of my work is based in the Midwest.

Reading generates ideas. Every community has stories waiting to be told. Writers are insatiable readers. I know those times. The journal Thema sets the theme for each issue. I know the children and their parents. A word. I was impressed with her knowledge of the Florida sugar cane industry. I asked if she'd grown up on a sugar cane plantation.

Ideas cannot be copyrighted. Some newspapers have a regular column featuring local writers. She said no. Born and raised there. Familiarize yourself with local and regional periodicals and the type of material they use. I know the people. A haunting picture of a little immigrant girl at. Even if you don't submit to these publications. What writers don't know. The Midwest gives me my sense of place. I would not have written any of the ten stories I've had published in Thema without a head start.

The possibilities are endless for stories about that coming event. Ellis Island. Come to think of it. The clippings will provide ideas for stories of your own. Sifting through my collection triggers enough ideas to take me to the year 2 K 0. But because this is hard. For a week. The trick is to do nothing long enough for the work to come to fruition in your unconscious.

It's always important to know where you're going. What to do when you're doing nothing. This is often the hardest part of the writing process but an essential part of the creative process. Now's the time to turn to your unconscious and to let it do the work for you. What will speed things up? Doing nothing. Whatever takes you away from the ceaseless round of chatter unclutters the unconscious. What you're looking for are activities that allow you to immerse yourself in an experience without thought.

So that's what to do when you're doing nothing: And that's the sensation you're aiming for. Telling it will dissipate the energy. Keeping your story inside creates a pressure-cooker sensation—eventually you will feel as though you're going to explode if you can't let your story out. What works for you? Include it in your day. This is the time to cook. For me. Do anything. I discover surprisingly that hours have passed. During this stage of the process.

I can so lose myself in the process that when I stop. Now for the second tip: How to do nothing so effectively that your. I'm not thinking. While I'm painting. I call this active incubation. You have to silence your analytical mind long enough to let the unconscious speak.

Other things that shift me from that "stuck" analytical place also include water: I love to sit by a waterfall or any running water—even the fountains in shopping malls will do. I make use of active incubation every day I write.

You can really feel you're doing something to work with your unconscious—even though you are letting go and trusting the unconscious to do the work for you.

I'll go to sleep unclear of how to proceed in a story and wake in the morning with the answer. I don't take a shower until I get stuck in my writing stint for the day. And it works for writing so well that I've come to believe that I couldn't write a darn thing worth publishing if I couldn't sleep on it. You can also build bridges during your waking hours. This is often the most fun. Find your own. It's one of the best problem-solving tools we have. You have probably had a few such experiences: Names you couldn't remember an hour before come to you as soon as you get into the mind-numbing rhythm of vacuuming.

One of these bridges you probably know well: How often have you said. Either way. This is the time to work actively with your unconscious. Write without thinking—anything about your story that comes to mind. Then close your notebook without reading what you've written. Any activity that stops analytical thought lets inspiration surface. You'll read it later—when this period of doing nothing comes to an end. But there's more to active incubation than just getting out of your own way.

Stay there. One way to do that is through what I call a "nightly recap. One of my students puts Grieg on the car stereo and drives across the desert. Set a timer for ten minutes. Jekyll and Mr. When you wake in the morning after such a night. Make them as vivid as you can. Summon the smells. And just a suggestion: Always keep a small notebook with you.

She woke him up. Others can't write if they aren't driving. Start writing. A quiet walk alone can help your writing more than you'll ever know.

Louis I. Education of a Wandering Man. For the next ten minutes. What if you do all this. You can sit and look at a page for a long time and nothing will happen. Give yourself time alone each day.

There are so many wonderful stories to be written. See it more and more clearly each time it reels by. Make it as vivid as you can. There's another aspect to this part of the creative process that's often given short shrift: In his autobiography. Make these silent movies as often as you can during the days of this period of doing nothing.

If thoughts do come. If you can't spend a full 30 minutes on it. Go back and forth. When I hear people talking of writer's block. Stay still. I am amazed. Don't read anything you write. Stop the projector. Become aware of your own pattern. That's a whole book! I still stopped. Although he wrote only in the morning. When your writing is coming easily. If you know what's going to happen in the next scene. Good habits are just as hard to break as bad ones.

Set yourself a schedule. That's every writer's secret: It's a goal. Give yourself a week at most to do nothing. Rollo May's message in The Courage to Create is that for the creative person. How can it? When we're working with the unconscious. You may work best doing hour-a-day stints for three weeks straight.

It's great advice. So schedule an hour and set a goal of a page a day. After that.If we remove any of your favourite sites let us know! They are going to be spending some time with these characters, and they need to feel invested in them right away. Spelling and grammar are what make up English.

The more you look for ideas, the more you'll see them. My manual typewriter does not know how to delete.

ALTON from Cathedral City
Review my other posts. I have only one hobby: birdwatching. I enjoy reading books fervently .