LAWS OF CRICKET PDF

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UMPIRING FOR BEGINNERS. THE LAWS OF CRICKET. THE PREAMBLE – THE SPIRIT OF CRICKET. Cricket is a game that owes much of its unique appeal to. The Laws of Cricket is a code which specifies the rules of the game of cricket worldwide. "Laws of Cricket, Code 6th Edition – " (PDF). MCC. By providing the Laws in portable data format (pdf), the MCC allows you to download them to your desktop or browser for printing, viewing or storage at your .


Laws Of Cricket Pdf

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Although there are many more rules in cricket than in many other sports, it is well worth your time learning them as it is a most rewarding sport. Whether you are. CONTENTS. Prepared for The Royal Navy in Association with The National Cricket to encourage the playing of cricket in accordance with the Laws of. Cricket. Presented by Marylebone Cricket Club, the official Laws of Cricket app. This app contains: The full laws of the game of cricket. - Detailed interpretation guides.

The Laws were drawn up by the "noblemen and gentlemen members of the London Cricket Club ", which was based at the Artillery Ground , although the printed version in states that "several cricket clubs" were involved, having met at the Star and Garter in Pall Mall.

The modern straight bat was introduced as a consequence, replacing the old "hockey stick" bat which was good for hitting a ball on the ground but not for addressing a ball on the bounce. In a match between Chertsey and Hambledon at Laleham Burway , the Chertsey all-rounder Thomas White used a bat that was the width of the wicket. There was no rule in place to prevent this action and so all the Hambledon players could do was register a formal protest which was signed by Thomas Brett , Richard Nyren and John Small , the three leading Hambledon players.

As a result, it was decided by the game's lawmakers that the maximum width of the bat must be four and one quarter inches; this was included in the next revision of the Laws and it remains the maximum width.

The main innovation was the introduction of leg before wicket lbw as a means of dismissal. The practice of stopping the ball with the leg had arisen as a negative response to the pitched delivery. As in , there is nothing about the bowler's delivery action. The maximum width of the bat was confirmed following the incident in There were only two stumps then, with a single bail.

Playing Conditions

In their second innings, Kent scored , leaving Hambledon a target of 48 to win. Small batted last of the Hambledon Five and needed 14 more to win when he went in. He duly scored the runs and Hambledon won by 1 wicket but a great controversy arose afterwards because, three times in the course of his second innings, Small was beaten by Lumpy only for the ball to pass through the two-stump wicket each time without hitting the stumps or the bail.

These were the overall dimensions and the requirement for a third stump was unspecified, indicating that its use was still not universal.

The main difference was in the wording of the lbw Law. In , this said that the batsman is out if, with design, he prevents the ball hitting the wicket with his leg. In , the "with design" clause was omitted and a new clause was introduced that the ball must have pitched straight. By mutual consent between the teams, the pitch could be rolled, watered, covered and mown during a match and the use of sawdust was authorised.

Previously, pitches were left untouched during a match. This included gender-neutral language except that the word "batsman" was retained , and a code of conduct. The 46 inches between the popping and bowling creases, specified in , was increased to 48 inches in After the width of the wicket was increased from eight to nine inches in , the bowling crease was by default reduced in length by half an inch on each side.

Whitewash was not introduced until the second half of the 19th century, following a suggestion made by Alfred Shaw. At the end of the 17th century, the two-stump wicket then in use is believed to have been 22 inches by six inches.

Its circumference was ruled as between nine and 9. In , the over was increased to six balls. The over in Australia and some other countries has at times varied from the English but, from , the six-ball over has been worldwide. Legislation against "throwing" was first attempted in when roundarm was coming into use.

It was ruled then that the bowler's hand on delivery must not be above the elbow. In many matches, this rule was flagrantly disregarded and matters came to a head in with the roundarm trial matches. There was no control over bowling action until when it was ruled that the bowler's hand on delivery must not be above his shoulder.

In , overarm bowling was authorised. The rule allowing either of the umpires to call a no ball was introduced in In , it was allowed after lunch on the second day; and in at any time on the second day. It was not until that a declaration on the first day was authorised.

The deficit changed a few times in the 19th century until, in , the follow on became optional after a deficit of runs, which remains the position for first-class matches other than Tests, in which the deficit is It was changed to "must be delivered straight" in and then reverted in A campaign to have "must pitch straight" omitted began in but failed to gain the necessary majority at MCC.

In , the Law did change, following a two-year trial period, to allow dismissal after the ball pitched outside the off stump. The revised wording was confirmed by inclusion in the code [28] and remains part of the code.

MCC Laws of Cricket

Custodianship of the Laws remains one of MCC's most important roles. The process in MCC is that the sub-committee prepares a draft which is passed by the main committee.

Certain levels of cricket, however, are subject to playing conditions which can differ from the Laws. At international level, playing conditions are implemented by the ICC; at domestic level by each country's board of control. The code of Laws consists of: Preamble to the Laws; [31] 42 Laws see below ; 5 Appendices, adding further definitions to the Laws; Setting up the game[ edit ] The first 12 Laws cover the players and officials, basic equipment, pitch specifications and timings of play.

Law 1: The players. A cricket team consists of eleven players, including a captain. Outside of official competitions, teams can agree to play more than eleven-a-side, though no more than eleven players may field. There are two umpires, who apply the Laws, make all necessary decisions, and relay the decisions to the scorers.

While not required under the Laws of Cricket, in higher level cricket a third umpire located off the field, and available to assist the on-field umpires may be used under the specific playing conditions of a particular match or tournament.

There are two scorers who respond to the umpires' signals and keep the score. Law 4: The ball. A cricket ball is between 8. A slightly smaller and lighter ball is specified in women's cricket, and slightly smaller and lighter again in junior cricket Law 4. Only one ball is used at a time, unless it is lost, when it is replaced with a ball of similar wear.

It is also replaced at the start of each innings, and may, at the request of the fielding side, be replaced with a new ball, after a minimum number of overs have been bowled as prescribed by the regulations under which the match is taking place currently 80 in Test matches. Law 5: The bat.

The bat is no more than 38 inches The hand or glove holding the bat is considered part of the bat. Ever since the ComBat incident, a highly publicised marketing attempt by Dennis Lillee , who brought out an aluminium bat during an international game, the Laws have provided that the blade of the bat must be made of wood.

The pitch is a rectangular area of the ground 22 yards The Ground Authority selects and prepares the pitch, but once the game has started, the umpires control what happens to the pitch. The umpires are also the arbiters of whether the pitch is fit for play, and if they deem it unfit, with the consent of both captains can change the pitch.

Professional cricket is almost always played on a grass surface. This law sets out the dimensions and locations of the creases. The bowling crease, which is the line the stumps are in the middle of, is drawn at each end of the pitch so that the three stumps at that end of the pitch fall on it and consequently it is perpendicular to the imaginary line joining the centres of both middle stumps.

The popping crease, which determines whether a batsman is in his ground or not, and which is used in determining front-foot no-balls see Law 21 , is drawn at each end of the pitch in front of each of the two sets of stumps.

The popping crease must be 4 feet 1. Although it is considered to have unlimited length, the popping crease must be marked to at least 6 feet 1. The return creases, which are the lines a bowler must be within when making a delivery, are drawn on each side of each set of the stumps, along each sides of the pitch so there are four return creases in all, one on either side of both sets of stumps.

Each return crease terminates at one end at the popping crease but the other end is considered to be unlimited in length and must be marked to a minimum of 8 feet 2. Diagrams setting out the crease markings can be found in Appendix C.

Cricket For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Law 8: The wickets. The wicket consists of three wooden stumps that are 28 inches The stumps are placed along the bowling crease with equal distances between each stump. They are positioned so that the wicket is 9 inches Two wooden bails are placed on top of the stumps. The bails must not project more than 0. There are also specified lengths for the barrel and spigots of the bail.

There are different specifications for the wickets and bails for junior cricket. The umpires may dispense with the bails if conditions are unfit i. Further details on the specifications of the wickets are contained in Appendix D to the Laws. When a cricket ball is bowled it almost always bounces on the pitch, and the behaviour of the ball is greatly influenced by the condition of the pitch. As a consequence, detailed rules on the management of the pitch are necessary.

This law contains the rules governing how pitches should be prepared, mown, rolled, and maintained. The pitch is said to be 'covered' when the groundsmen have placed covers on it to protect it against rain or dew.

The Laws stipulate that the regulations on covering the pitch shall be agreed by both captains in advance. The decision concerning whether to cover the pitch greatly affects how the ball will react to the pitch surface, as a ball bounces differently on wet ground as compared to dry ground. The area beyond the pitch where a bowler runs so as to deliver the ball the 'run-up' should ideally be kept dry so as to avoid injury through slipping and falling, and the Laws also require these to be covered wherever possible when there is wet weather.

There are intervals during each day's play, a ten-minute interval between innings, and lunch, tea and drinks intervals. The timing and length of the intervals must be agreed before the match begins. There are also provisions for moving the intervals and interval lengths in certain situations, most notably the provision that if nine wickets are down, the lunch and tea interval are delayed to the earlier of the fall of the next wicket and 30 minutes elapsing.

The umpires are also the arbiters of whether the pitch is fit for play, and if they deem it unfit, with the consent of both captains can change the pitch. Professional cricket is almost always played on a grass surface.

Law 7: The creases. This law sets out the dimensions and locations of the creases. The bowling crease, which is the line the stumps are in the middle of, is drawn at each end of the pitch so that the three stumps at that end of the pitch fall on it and consequently it is perpendicular to the imaginary line joining the centres of both middle stumps.

The popping crease, which determines whether a batsman is in his ground or not, and which is used in determining front-foot no-balls see Law 21 , is drawn at each end of the pitch in front of each of the two sets of stumps. The popping crease must be 4 feet 1. Although it is considered to have unlimited length, the popping crease must be marked to at least 6 feet 1.

The return creases, which are the lines a bowler must be within when making a delivery, are drawn on each side of each set of the stumps, along each sides of the pitch so there are four return creases in all, one on either side of both sets of stumps. Each return crease terminates at one end at the popping crease but the other end is considered to be unlimited in length and must be marked to a minimum of 8 feet 2.

Diagrams setting out the crease markings can be found in Appendix C. Law 8: The wickets. The wicket consists of three wooden stumps that are 28 inches The stumps are placed along the bowling crease with equal distances between each stump.

They are positioned so that the wicket is 9 inches Two wooden bails are placed on top of the stumps. The bails must not project more than 0.

There are also specified lengths for the barrel and spigots of the bail. There are different specifications for the wickets and bails for junior cricket. The umpires may dispense with the bails if conditions are unfit i.

Further details on the specifications of the wickets are contained in Appendix D to the Laws. Law 9: Preparation and maintenance of the playing area. When a cricket ball is bowled it almost always bounces on the pitch, and the behaviour of the ball is greatly influenced by the condition of the pitch. As a consequence, detailed rules on the management of the pitch are necessary. This law contains the rules governing how pitches should be prepared, mown, rolled, and maintained.

Law Covering the pitch. The pitch is said to be 'covered' when the groundsmen have placed covers on it to protect it against rain or dew. The Laws stipulate that the regulations on covering the pitch shall be agreed by both captains in advance.

The decision concerning whether to cover the pitch greatly affects how the ball will react to the pitch surface, as a ball bounces differently on wet ground as compared to dry ground.

The area beyond the pitch where a bowler runs so as to deliver the ball the 'run-up' should ideally be kept dry so as to avoid injury through slipping and falling, and the Laws also require these to be covered wherever possible when there is wet weather. There are intervals during each day's play, a ten-minute interval between innings, and lunch, tea and drinks intervals.

The timing and length of the intervals must be agreed before the match begins. There are also provisions for moving the intervals and interval lengths in certain situations, most notably the provision that if nine wickets are down, the lunch and tea interval are delayed to the earlier of the fall of the next wicket and 30 minutes elapsing.

Start of play; cessation of play. Play after an interval commences with the umpire's call of "Play", and ceases at the end of a session with a call of "Time".

The last hour of a match must contain at least 20 overs, being extended in time so as to include 20 overs if necessary. Before the game, the teams agree whether it is to be one or two innings for each side, and whether either or both innings are to be limited by time or by overs. In practice, these decisions are likely to be laid down by Competition Regulations, rather than pre-game agreement.

In two-innings games, the sides bat alternately unless the follow-on Law 14 is enforced. An innings is closed once all batsmen are dismissed, no further batsmen are fit to play, the innings is declared or forfeited by the batting captain, or any agreed time or over limit is reached.

The captain winning the toss of a coin decides whether to bat or to bowl first. The follow-on. In a two innings match, if the side batting second scores substantially fewer runs than the side which batted first, then the side that batted first can require their opponents to bat again immediately.

The side that enforced the follow-on has the chance to win without batting again. For a game of five or more days, the side batting first must be at least runs ahead to enforce the follow-on; for a three- or four-day game, runs; for a two-day game, runs; for a one-day game, 75 runs. The length of the game is determined by the number of scheduled days play left when the game actually begins. Declaration and forfeiture. The batting captain can declare an innings closed at any time when the ball is dead.

He may also forfeit his innings before it has started. The result.

Cricket Rules

The side which scores the most runs wins the match. If both sides score the same number of runs, the match is tied. However, the match may run out of time before the innings have all been completed. In this case, the match is drawn. The over. An over consists of six balls bowled, excluding wides and no-balls. Consecutive overs are delivered from opposite ends of the pitch. A bowler may not bowl two consecutive overs. Scoring runs.

Runs are scored when the two batsmen run to each other's end of the pitch. Several runs can be scored from one ball. A boundary is marked around the edge of the field of play. If the ball is hit into or past this boundary, four runs are scored, or six runs if the ball doesn't hit the ground before crossing the boundary. Dead ball. The ball comes into play when the bowler begins his run up, and becomes dead when all the action from that ball is over.

Once the ball is dead, no runs can be scored and no batsmen can be dismissed. The ball becomes dead for a number of reasons, most commonly when a batsman is dismissed, when a boundary is hit, or when the ball has finally settled with the bowler or wicketkeeper.

No ball. A ball can be a no-ball for several reasons: A no-ball adds one run to the batting team's score, in addition to any other runs which are scored off it, and the batsman can't be dismissed off a no-ball except by being run out, hitting the ball twice, or obstructing the field.

Wide ball. An umpire calls a ball "wide" if, in his or her opinion, the ball is so wide of the batsman and the wicket that he could not hit it with the bat playing a normal cricket shot. A wide adds one run to the batting team's score, in addition to any other runs which are scored off it, and the batsman can't be dismissed off a wide except by being run out or stumped, by hitting his wicket, or obstructing the field.

Bye and leg bye. If a ball that is not a wide passes the striker and runs are scored, they are called byes. If a ball hits the striker but not the bat and runs are scored, they are called leg-byes.

However, leg-byes cannot be scored if the striker is neither attempting a stroke nor trying to avoid being hit. Byes and leg-byes are credited to the team's but not the batsman's total. Fielders' absence; Substitutes. In cricket, a substitute may be brought on for an injured fielder. However, a substitute may not bat, bowl or act as captain. The original player may return if he has recovered. Batsman's innings ; Runners A batsman who becomes unable to run may have a runner, who completes the runs while the batsman continues batting.

The use of runners is not permitted in international cricket under the current playing conditions.

Alternatively, a batsman may retire hurt or ill, and may return later to resume his innings if he recovers. Practice on the field. There may be no batting or bowling practice on the pitch during the match. Practice is permitted on the outfield during the intervals and before the day's play starts and after the day's play has ended. Bowlers may only practice bowling and have trial run-ups if the umpires are of the view that it would waste no time and does not damage the ball or the pitch.

The wicket-keeper. The keeper is a designated player from the bowling side allowed to stand behind the stumps of the batsman. They are the only fielder allowed to wear gloves and external leg guards. The fielder. A fielder is any of the eleven cricketers from the bowling side. Fielders are positioned to field the ball, to stop runs and boundaries, and to get batsmen out by catching or running them out. The wicket is down. Several methods of dismissal occur when the wicket is put down.

This means that the wicket is hit by the ball, or the batsman, or the hand in which a fielder is holding the ball, and at least one bail is removed; if both bails have already been previously removed, one stump must be removed from the ground.

The batsmen can be run out or stumped if they are out of their ground. A batsman is in his ground if any part of him or his bat is on the ground behind the popping crease. If both batsman are in the middle of the pitch when a wicket is put down, the batsman closer to that end is out. If the fielders believe a batsman is out, they may ask the umpire "How's That? The umpire then decides whether the batsman is out.

Strictly speaking, the fielding side must appeal for all dismissals, including obvious ones such as bowled. However, a batsman who is obviously out will normally leave the pitch without waiting for an appeal or a decision from the umpire. Laws 32 to 40 discuss the various ways a batsman may be dismissed. In addition to these 9 methods, a batsman may retire out, which is covered in Law Of these, caught is generally the most common, followed by bowled, leg before wicket, run out and stumped.

The other forms of dismissal are very rare. A batsman is out if his wicket is put down by a ball delivered by the bowler. It is irrelevant whether the ball has touched the bat, glove, or any part of the batsman before going on to put down the wicket, though it may not touch another player or an umpire before doing so.

If a ball hits the bat or the hand holding the bat and is then caught by the opposition within the field of play before the ball bounces, then the batsman is out. Hit the ball twice. If a batsman hits the ball twice, other than for the sole purpose of protecting his wicket or with the consent of the opposition, he is out.

Hit wicket. If, after the bowler has entered his delivery stride and while the ball is in play, a batsman puts his wicket down by his bat or his body he is out.

The striker is also out hit wicket if he puts his wicket down by his bat or his body in setting off for a first run. Leg before wicket LBW. If the ball hits the batsman without first hitting the bat, but would have hit the wicket if the batsman was not there, and the ball does not pitch on the leg side of the wicket, the batsman will be out.

However, if the ball strikes the batsman outside the line of the off-stump, and the batsman was attempting to play a stroke, he is not out.You should be aware that the MCC retains the copyright of the Laws of Cricket and requires permission be obtained before any reproduction of them.

The follow-on. However if the game is coming close to a close and it looks like they will not be able to bowl the other team out again this could be an option. Caught Law In , the "with design" clause was omitted and a new clause was introduced that the ball must have pitched straight. If a batsman wilfully obstructs the opposition by word or action or strikes the ball with a hand not holding the bat, he is out.

However, a batsman who is obviously out will normally leave the pitch without waiting for an appeal or a decision from the umpire. Two umpires are in place on the playing field while there is also a third umpire off the field who is in charge of video decisions. In this case, the match is drawn.

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