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Let these things Be! And I will send forth into the Void the Flame Imperishable, and it shall be at the heart of the World, and the World shall Be; and those of you that will may go down into it. And suddenly the Ainur saw afar off a light, as it were a cloud with a living heart of flame; and they knew that this was no vision only, but that Ilvatar had made a new thing: E, the World that Is.

Thus it came to pass that of the Ainur some abode still with Ilvatar beyond the confines of the World; but others, and among them many of the greatest and most fair, took the leave of Ilvatar and descended into it.

But this condition Ilvatar made, or it is the necessity of their love, that their power should thenceforward be contained and bounded in the World, to be within it for ever, until it is complete, so that they are its life and it is theirs. And therefore they are named the Valar, the Powers of the World.

But when the Valar entered into E they were at first astounded and at a loss, for it was as if naught was yet made which they had seen in vision, and all was but on point to begin and yet unshaped, and it was dark.

For the Great Music had been but the growth and flowering of thought in the Tuneless Halls, and the Vision only a foreshowing; but now they had entered in at the beginning of Time, and the Valar perceived that the World had been but foreshadowed and foresung, and they must achieve it. So began their great labours in wastes unmeasured and unexplored, and in ages uncounted and forgotten, until in the Deeps of Time and in the midst of the vast halls of E there came to be that hour and that place where was made the habitation of the Children of Ilvatar.

And in this work the chief part was taken by Manw and Aul and Ulmo; but Melkor too was there from the first, and he meddled in all that was done, turning it if he might to his own desires and purposes; and he sited great fires. When therefore Earth was yet young and full of flame Melkor coveted it, and he said to the other Valar: And Manw said unto Melkor: Now the Valar took to themselves shape and hue; and because they were drawn into the World by love of the Children of Ilvatar, for whom they hoped, they took shape after that manner which they had beheld in the Vision of Ilvatar, save only in majesty and splendour.

The Silmarillion

Moreover their shape comes of their knowledge of the visible World, rather than of the World itself; and they need it not, save only as we use raiment, and yet we may be naked and suffer no loss of our being. Therefore the Valar may walk, if they will, unclad, and then even the Eldar cannot clearly perceive them, though they be present.

But when they desire to clothe themselves the Valar take upon them forms some as of male and some as of female; for that difference of temper they had even from their beginning, and it is but bodied forth in the choice of each, not made by the choice, even as with us male and female may be shown by the raiment but is not made thereby. But the shapes wherein the Great Ones array themselves are not at all times like to the shapes of the kings and queens of the Children of Ilvatar; for at times they may clothe themselves in their own thought, made visible in forms of majesty and dread.

And the Valar drew unto them many companions, some less, some well nigh as great as themselves, and they laboured together in the ordering of the Earth and the curbing of its tumults. Then Melkor saw what was done, and that the Valar walked on Earth as powers visible, clad in the raiment of the World, and were lovely and glorious to see, and blissful, and that the Earth was becoming as a garden for their delight, for its turmoils were subdued. His envy grew then the greater within him; and he also took visible form, but because of his mood and the malice that burned in him that form was dark and terrible.

And he descended upon Arda in power and majesty greater than any other of the Valar, 6 as a mountain that wades in the sea and has its head above the clouds and is clad in ice and crowned with smoke and fire; and the light of the eyes of Melkor was like a flame that withers with heat and pierces with a deadly cold.

Thus began the first battle of the Valar with Melkor for the dominion of Arda; and of those tumults the Elves know but little. For what has here been declared is come from the Valar themselves, with whom the Eldali spoke in the land of Valinor, and by whom they were instructed; but little would the Valar ever tell of the wars before the coming of the Elves. Yet it is told among the Eldar that the Valar endeavoured ever, in despite of Melkor, to rule the Earth and to prepare it for the coming of the Firstborn; and they built lands and Melkor destroyed them; valleys they delved and Melkor raised them up; mountains they carved and Melkor threw them down; seas they hollowed and Melkor spilled them; and naught might have peace or come to lasting growth, for as surely as the Valar began a labour so would Melkor undo it or corrupt it.

And yet their labour was not all in vain; and though nowhere and in no work was their will and purpose wholly fulfilled, and all things were in hue and shape other than the Valar had at first intended, slowly nonetheless the Earth was fashioned and made firm.

And thus was the habitation of the Children of Ilvatar established at the last in the Deeps of Time and amidst the innumerable stars. In this Music the World was begun; for Ilvatar made visible the song of the Ainur, and they beheld it as a light in the darkness.

And many among them became enamoured of its beauty, and of its history which they saw beginning and unfolding as in a vision. Therefore Ilvatar gave to their vision Being, and set it amid the Void, and the Secret Fire was sent to burn at the heart of the World; and it was called E. Then those of the Ainur who desired it arose and entered into the World at the beginning of Time; and it was their task to achieve it, and by their labours to fulfil the vision which they had seen.

Long they laboured in the regions of E, which are vast beyond the thought of Elves and Men, until in the time appointed was made Arda, the Kingdom of Earth. Then they put on the raiment of Earth and descended into it, and dwelt therein. These were their names in the Elvish tongue as it was spoken in Valinor, though they have other names in the speech of the Elves in Middle-earth, and their names among Men are manifold.

The names of the Lords in due order are: Melkor is counted no longer among the Valar, and his name is not spoken upon Earth. Manw and Melkor were brethren in the thought of Ilvatar. The mightiest of those Ainur who came into the World was in his beginning Melkor; but Manw is dearest to Ilvatar and understands most clearly his purposes. He was appointed to be, in the fullness of time, the first of all Kings: In Arda his delight is in the winds and the clouds, and in all the regions of the air, from the heights to the depths, from the utmost borders of the Veil of Arda to the breezes that blow in the grass.

Slimo he is surnamed, Lord of the Breath of Arda. All swift birds, strong of wing, he loves, and they come and go at his bidding. Too great is her beauty to be declared in the words of Men or of Elves; for the light of Ilvatar lives still in her face. In light is her power and her joy. Out of the deeps of E she came to the aid of Manw; for Melkor she knew from before the making of the Music and rejected him, and he hated her, and feared her more than all others whom Eru made.

Manw and Varda are seldom parted, and they remain in Valinor. Their halls are above the everlasting snow, upon Oioloss, the uttermost tower of Taniquetil, tallest of all the mountains upon Earth. When Manw there ascends his throne and looks forth, if Varda is beside him, he sees further than all other eyes, through mist, and through darkness, and over the leagues of the sea.

And if Manw is with her, Varda hears more clearly than all other ears the sound of voices that cry from east to west, from the hills and the valleys, and from the dark places that Melkor has made upon Earth. Of all the Great Ones who dwell in this world the Elves hold Varda most in reverence and love. Elbereth they name her, and they call upon her name out of the shadows of Middle-earth, and uplift it in song at the rising of the stars.

Ulmo is the Lord of Waters. He is alone. He dwells nowhere long, but moves as he will in all the deep waters about the Earth or under the Earth. He is next in might to Manw, and before Valinor was made he was closest to him in friendship; but thereafter he went seldom to the councils of the Valar, unless great matters were in debate.

For he kept all Arda in thought, and he has no need of any resting-place. Moreover he does not love to walk upon land, and will seldom clothe himself in a body after the manner of his peers. If the Children of Eru beheld him they were filled with a great dread; for the arising of the King of the Sea was terrible, as a mounting wave that strides to the land, with dark helm foam-crested and raiment of mail shimmering from silver down into shadows of green. The trumpets of Manw are loud, but Ulmo's voice is deep as the deeps of the ocean which he only has seen.

Nonetheless Ulmo loves both Elves and Men, and never abandoned them, not even when they lay under the wrath of the Valar.

At times he win come unseen to the shores of Middle-earth, or pass far inland up firths of the sea, and there make music upon his great horns, the Ulumri, that are wrought of white shell; and those to whom that music comes hear it ever after in their hearts, and longing for the sea never leaves them again. But mostly Ulmo speaks to those who dwell in Middle-earth with voices that are heard only as the music of water.

For all seas, lakes, rivers, fountains and springs are in his government; so that the Elves say that the spirit of Ulmo runs in all the veins of the 8 world. Thus news comes to Ulmo, even in the deeps, of all the needs and griefs of Arda, which otherwise would be hidden from Manw.

Aul has might little less than Ulmo. His lordship is over all the substances of which Arda is made.


In the beginning he wrought much in fellowship with Manw and Ulmo; and the fashioning of all lands was his labour. He is a smith and a master of all crafts, and he delights in works of skill, however small, as much as in the mighty building of old.

His are the gems that lie deep in the Earth and the gold that is fair in the hand, no less than the walls of the mountains and the basins of the sea. The Noldor learned most of him, and he was ever their friend.

Melkor was jealous of him, for Aul was most like himself in thought and in powers; and there was long strife between them, in which Melkor ever marred or undid the works of Aul, and Aul grew weary in repairing the tumults and disorders of Melkor.

Both, also, desired to make things of their own that should be new and unthought of by others, and delighted in the praise of their skill.

But Aul remained faithful to Eru and submitted all that he did to his will; and he did not envy the works of others, but sought and gave counsel. Whereas Melkor spent his spirit in envy and hate, until at last he could make nothing save in mockery of the thought of others, and all their works he destroyed if he could. The spouse of Aul is Yavanna, the Giver of Fruits.

She is the lover of all things that grow in the earth, and all their countless forms she holds in her mind, from the trees like towers in forests long ago to the moss upon stones or the small and secret things in the mould.

In reverence Yavanna is next to Varda among the Queens of the Valar. In the form of a woman she is tall, and robed in green; but at times she takes other shapes. Some there are who have seen her standing like a tree under heaven, crowned with the Sun; and from all its branches there spilled a golden dew upon the barren earth, and it grew green with corn; but the roots of the tree were in the waters of Ulmo, and the winds of Manw spoke in its leaves.

Kementri, Queen of the Earth, she is surnamed in the Eldarin tongue. The Fanturi, masters of spirits, are brethren, and they are called most often Mandos and Lrien. Yet these are rightly the names of the places of their dwelling, and their true names are Nmo and Irmo.

Nmo the elder dwells in Mandos, which is westward in Valinor. He is the keeper of the Houses of the Dead, and the summoner of the spirits of the slain. He forgets nothing; and he knows all things that shall be, save only those that lie still in the freedom of Ilvatar. He is the Doomsman of the Valar; but he pronounces his dooms and his Judgements only at the bidding of Manw. Vair the Weaver is his spouse, who weaves all things that have ever been in Time into her storied webs, and the halls of Mandos that ever widen as the ages pass are clothed with them.

Irmo the younger is the master of visions and dreams. In Lrien are his gardens in the land of the Valar, and they are the fairest of all places in the world, filled with many spirits. Est the gentle, healer of hurts and of weariness, is his spouse. Grey is her raiment; and rest is her gift. She walks not by day, but sleeps upon an island in the tree-shadowed lake of Lrellin.

From the fountains of Irmo and Est all those who dwell in Valinor draw refreshment; and often the Valar come themselves to Lrien and there find repose and easing of the burden of Arda. Mightier than Est is Nienna, sister of the Fanturi; she dwells alone. She is acquainted with grief, and mourns for every wound that Arda has suffered in the marring of Melkor.

So great was her sorrow, as the Music unfolded, that her song turned to lamentation long before its end, and the sound of mourning was woven into the themes of the World before it began. But she does not weep for herself; and those who hearken to her learn pity, and endurance in hope. Her halls are west of West, upon the borders of the world; and she comes seldom to the city of Valimar where all is glad. She goes rather to the halls of Mandos, which are near to her own; and all those who wait in Mandos cry to her, for she brings strength to the spirit and turns sorrow to wisdom.

The windows of her house look outward from the walls of the world. Greatest in strength and deeds of prowess is Tulkas, who is surnamed Astaldo, the Valiant. He came last to Arda, to aid the Valar in the first battles with Melkor.

He delights in wrestling and in contests of strength; and he rides no steed, for he can outrun all things that go on feet, and he is tireless. His hair and beard are golden, and his flesh ruddy; his weapons are his hands.

He has little heed for either the past or the future, and is of no avail as a counsellor, but is a hardy friend. His spouse is Nessa, the sister of Orom, and she also is lithe and fleetfooted.

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Deer she loves, and they follow her train whenever she goes in the wild; but she can outrun them, swift as an arrow with the wind in her hair. In dancing she delights, and she dances in Valimar on lawns of never-fading green. Orom is a mighty lord. If he is less strong than Tulkas, he is more dreadful in anger; whereas Tulkas laughs ever, in sport or in war, and even in the face of Melkor he laughed in battles before the Elves were born.

Orom loved the lands of Middle-earth, and he left them unwillingly and came last to Valinor; and often of old he passed back east over the mountains and returned with his host to the hills and the plains. He is a hunter of monsters and fell beasts, and he delights in horses and in hounds; and all trees he loves, for which reason he is called Aldaron, and by the Sindar Tauron, the Lord of Forests. Nahar is the name of his horse, white in the sun, and shining silver at night.

The Valarma is the name of his great horn, the sound of which is like the upgoing of the Sun in scarlet, or the sheer lightning cleaving the clouds. Above all the horns of his host it was heard in the woods that Yavanna brought forth in Valinor; for there Orom would train his folk and his beasts for the pursuit of the evil creatures of.

The spouse of Orom is Vna, the Ever-young; she is the younger sister of Yavanna. All flowers spring as she passes and open if she glances upon them; and all birds sing at her coming. But fair and noble as were the forms in which they were manifest to the Children of Ilvatar, they were but a veil upon their beauty and their power.

And if little is here said of all that the Eldar once knew, that is as nothing compared with their true being, which goes back into regions and ages far beyond our thought. Among them Nine were of chief power and reverence; but one is removed from their number, and Eight remain, the Aratar, the High Ones of Arda: Though Manw is their King and holds their allegiance under Eru, in majesty they are peers, surpassing beyond compare all others, whether of the Valar and the Maiar, or of any other order that Ilvatar has sent into E.

Of the Maiar With the Valar came other spirits whose being also began before the World, of the same order as the Valar but of less degree. These are the Maiar, the people of the Valar, and their servants and helpers. Their number is not known to the Elves, and few have names in any of the tongues of the Children of Ilvatar; for though it is otherwise in Aman, in Middle-earth the Maiar have seldom appeared in form visible to Elves and Men. Chief among the Maiar of Valinor whose names are remembered in the histories of the Elder Days are Ilmar, the handmaid of Varda, and Enw, the banner-bearer and herald of Manw, whose might in arms is surpassed by none in Arda.

Oss is a vassal of Ulmo, and he is master of the seas that wash the shores of Middle-earth. He does not go in the deeps, but loves the coasts and the isles, and rejoices in the winds of Manw; for in storm he delights, and laughs amid the roaring of the waves.

His spouse is Uinen, the Lady of the Seas, whose hair lies spread through all waters under sky. All creatures she loves that live in the salt streams, and all weeds that grow there; to her mariners cry, for she can lay calm upon the waves, restraining the wildness of Oss.

The Nmenreans lived long in her protection, and held her in reverence equal to the Valar. Melkor hated the Sea, for he could not subdue it. It is said that in the making of Arda he endeavoured to draw Oss to his allegiance, promising to him all the realm and power of Ulmo, if he would serve him.

So it was that long ago there arose great tumults in the sea that wrought ruin to the lands. But Uinen, at the prayer of Aul, restrained Oss and brought him before Ulmo; and he was pardoned and returned to his allegiance, to which he has remained faithful.

For the most part; for the delight in violence has never wholly departed from him, and at times he will rage in his wilfulness without any command from Ulmo his lord. Therefore those who dwell by the sea or go up in ships may love him, but they do not trust him. Melian was the name of a Maia who served both Vna and Est; she dwelt long in Lrien, tending the trees that flower in the gardens of Irmo, ere she came to Middle-earth. Nightingales sang about her wherever she went.

Wisest of the Maiar was Olrin.

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He too dwelt in Lrien, but his ways took him often to the house of Nienna, and of her he learned pity and patience. Of Melian much is told in the Quenta Silmarillion. But of Olrin that tale does not speak; for though he loved the Elves, he walked among them unseen, or in form as one of them, and they did not know whence came the fair visions or the promptings of wisdom that he put into their hearts.

In later days he was the friend of all the Children of Ilvatar, and took pity on their sorrows; and those who listened to him awoke from despair and put away the imaginations of darkness.

But that name he has forfeited; and the Noldor, who among the Elves suffered most from his malice, will not utter it, and they name him Morgoth, the Dark Enemy of the World. Great might was given to him by Ilvatar, and he was coeval with Manw. In the powers and knowledge of all the other Valar he had part, but he turned them to evil purposes, and squandered his strength in violence and tyranny.

For he coveted Arda and all that was in it, desiring the kingship of Manw and dominion over the realms of his peers. From splendour he fell through arrogance to contempt for all things save himself, a spirit wasteful and pitiless. Understanding he turned to subtlety in perverting to his own will all that he would use, until he became a liar without shame.

He began with the desire of Light, but when he could not possess it for himself alone, he descended through fire and wrath into a great burning, down into Darkness. And darkness he used most in his evil works upon Arda, and filled it with fear for all living things. Yet so great was the power of his uprising that in ages forgotten he contended with Manw and all the Valar, and through long years in Arda held dominion over most of the lands of the Earth.

But he was not alone. For of the Maiar many were drawn to his splendour in the days of his greatness, and remained in that allegiance down into his darkness; and others he corrupted afterwards to his service with lies and treacherous gifts. Dreadful among these spirits were the Valaraukar, the scourges of fire that in Middle-earth were called the Balrogs, demons of terror.

Among those of his servants that have names the greatest was that spirit whom the Eldar called Sauron, or Gorthaur the Cruel. In his beginning he was of the Maiar of Aul, and he remained mighty in the lore of that people. In 10 all the deeds of Melkor the Morgoth upon Arda, in his vast works and in the deceits of his cunning, Sauron had a part, and was only less evil than his master in that for long he served another and not himself.

But in after years he rose like a shadow of Morgoth and a ghost of his malice, and walked behind him on the same ruinous path down into the Void. But in the midst of the war a spirit of great strength and hardihood came to the aid of the Valar, hearing in the far heaven that there was battle in the Little Kingdom; and Arda was filled with the sound of his laughter.

So came Tulkas the Strong, whose anger passes like a mighty wind, scattering cloud and darkness before it; and Melkor fled before his wrath and his laughter, and forsook Arda, and there was peace for a long age.

And Tulkas remained and became one of the Valar of the Kingdom of Arda; but Melkor brooded in the outer darkness, and his hate was given to Tulkas for ever after. In that time the Valar brought order to the seas and the lands and the mountains, and Yavanna planted at last the seeds that she had long devised.

And since, when the fires were subdued or buried beneath the primeval hills, there was need of light, Aul at the prayer of Yavanna wrought two mighty lamps for the lighting of the Middle-earth which he had built amid the encircling seas. Then Varda filled the lamps and Manw hallowed them, and the Valar set them upon high pillars, more lofty far than are any mountains of the later days. One lamp they raised near to the north of Middle- earth, and it was named Illuin; and the other was raised in the south, and it was named Ormal; and the light of the Lamps of the Valar flowed out over the Earth, so that all was lit as it were in a changeless day.

Then the seeds that Yavanna had sown began swiftly to sprout and to burgeon, and there arose a multitude of growing things great and small, mosses and grasses and great ferns, and trees whose tops were crowned with cloud as they were living mountains, but whose feet were wrapped in a green twilight.

And beasts came forth and dwelt in the grassy plains, or in the rivers and the lakes, or walked in the shadows of the woods. As yet no flower had bloomed nor any bird had sung, for these things waited still their time in the bosom of Yavanna; but wealth there was of her imagining, and nowhere more rich than in the midmost parts of the Earth, where the light of both the Lamps met and blended.

And there upon the Isle of Almaren in the Great Lake was the first dwelling of the Valar when all things were young, and new-made green was yet a marvel in the eyes of the makers; and they were long content. Now it came to pass that while the Valar rested from their labours, and watched the growth and unfolding of the things that they had devised and begun, Manw ordained a great feast; and the Valar and an their host came at his bidding. But Aul and Tulkas were weary; for the craft of Aul and the strength of Tulkas had been at the service of an without ceasing fax the days of their labour.

And Melkor knew of an that was done, for even then he had secret friends and spies among the Maiar whom he had converted to his cause; and far off in the darkness he was filled with hatred, being jealous of the work of his peers, whom he desired to make subject to himself. Therefore he gathered to himself spirits out of the halls of E that he had perverted to his service, and he deemed himself strong. And seeing now his time he drew near again to Arda, and looked down upon it, and the beauty of the Earth in its Spring filled him the more with hate.

Now therefore the Valar were gathered upon Almaren, fearing no evil, and because of the light of Illuin they did not perceive the shadow in the north that was cast from afar by Melkor; for he was grown dark as the Night of the Void.

And it is sung that in that feast of the Spring of Arda Tulkas espoused Nessa the sister of Orom, and she danced before the Valar upon the green grass of Almaren.

Then Tulkas slept, being weary and content, and Melkor deemed that his hour had come. And he passed therefore over the Walls of the Night with his host, and came to Middle-earth far in the north; and the Valar were not aware of him.

Now Melkor began the delving and building of a vast fortress, deep under Earth, beneath dark mountains where the beams of Illuin were cold and dim. That stronghold was named Utumno. And though the Valar knew naught of it as yet, nonetheless the evil of Melkor and the blight of his hatred flowed out thence, and the Spring of Arda was marred. Green things fell sick and rotted, and rivers were choked with weeds and slime, and fens were made, rank and poisonous, the breeding place of flies; and forests grew dark and perilous, the haunts of fear; and beasts became monsters of horn and ivory and dyed the earth with blood.

Then the Valar knew indeed that Melkor was at work again, and they sought for his hiding place. But Melkor, trusting in the strength of Utumno and the might of his servants, came forth suddenly to war, and struck the first blow, ere the Valar were prepared; and he assailed the lights of Illuin and Ormal, and cast down their pillars and broke their lamps.

In the overthrow of the mighty pillars lands were broken and seas arose in tumult; and when the lamps were spilled destroying flame was poured out over the Earth.

And the shape of Arda and the symmetry of its waters and its lands was marred in that time, so that the first designs of the Valar were never after restored. In the confusion and the darkness Melkor escaped, though fear fell upon him; for above the roaring of the seas he heard the voice of Manw as a mighty wind, and the earth trembled beneath the feet of Tulkas. But he came to Utumno ere Tulkas could overtake him; and there he lay hid. And the Valar could not at that time overcome him, for the greater part of their strength was needed to restrain the tumults of the Earth, and to save from ruin all that could be 13 14 saved of their labour; and afterwards they feared to rend the Earth again, until they knew where the Children of Ilvatar were dwelling, who were yet to come in a time that was hidden from the Valar.

Thus ended the Spring of Arda. The dwelling of the Valar upon Almaren was utterly destroyed, and they had no abiding place upon the face of the Earth. Therefore they departed from Middle-earth and went to the Land of Aman, the westernmost of all lands upon the borders of the world; for its west shores looked upon the Outer Sea, that is called by the Elves Ekkaia, encircling the Kingdom of Arda. How wide is that sea none know but the Valar; and beyond it are the Walls of the Night.

But the east shores of Aman were the uttermost end of Belegaer, the Great Sea at the West; and since Melkor was returned to Middle-earth and they could not yet overcome him, the Valar fortified their dwelling, and upon the shores of the sea they raised the Pelri, the Mountains of Aman, highest upon Earth.

And above all the mountains of the Pelri was that height upon whose summit Manw set his throne. Taniquetil the Elves name that holy mountain, and Oioloss Everlasting Whiteness, and Elerrna Crowned with Stars, and many names beside; but the Sindar spoke of it in their later tongue as Amon Uilos.

From their halls upon Taniquetil Manw and Varda could look out across the Earth even into the furthest East. Behind the walls of the Pelri the Valar established their domain in that region which is called Valinor, and there were their houses, their gardens, and their towers.

In that guarded land the Valar gathered great store of light and an the fairest things that were saved from the ruin; and many others yet fairer they made anew, and Valinor became more beautiful even than Middle-earth in the Spring of Arda; and it was blessed, for the Deathless dwelt there, and there naught faded nor withered, neither was there any stain upon flower or leaf in that land, nor any corruption or sickness in anything that lived; for the very stones and waters were hallowed.

And when Valinor was full-wrought and the mansions of the Valar were established, in the midst of the plain beyond the mountains they built their city, Valmar of many bells. Before its western gate there was a green mound, Ezellohar, that is named also Corollair; and Yavanna hallowed it, and she sat there long upon the green grass and sang a song of power, in which was set all her thought of things that grow in the earth.

But Nienna thought in silence, and watered the mould with tears. In that time the Valar were gathered together to hear the song of Yavanna, and they sat silent upon their thrones of council in the Mhanaxar, the Ring of Doom near to the golden gates of Valmar, and Yavanna Kementri sang before them and they watched.

And as they watched, upon the mound there came forth two slender shoots; and silence was over all the world in that hour, nor was there any other sound save the chanting of Yavanna. Under her song the saplings grew and became fair and tail, and came to flower; and thus there awoke in the world the Two Trees of Valinor. Of all things which Yavanna made they have most renown, and about their fate all the tales of the Elder Days are woven. Nothing that rendered the text unreadable, but it still seemed to indicate a lack of editorial oversight on the eBook conversion process.

This collection of Unfinished Tales is difficult to get to grips with, because Christopher Tolkien had the sense not to mess with them too much. He didn't correct inconsistencies or do too much to the material, and that's for the best: I don't think this is one for the casual reader, but for someone interested in Tolkien and his creation of a secondary world, and in the details of Middle-earth, it's a good one.

E This collection of Unfinished Tales is difficult to get to grips with, because Christopher Tolkien had the sense not to mess with them too much.

Even more casual readers might like to dip into it for extra details about Gandalf, of course, but for the most part, if you didn't get into The Silmarillion, then don't bother with this. But if you've ever thought, if only Tolkien could've lived forever -- or at least much longer -- so that we could know more about Middle-earth, then yes, give it a try. Now if Christopher Tolkien would just let go of J.

View all 3 comments. De entre eles contam-se dois de Tolkien.

If you are not huge Tolkien fan or you haven't read Silmarillion yet, I suggest you to to skip this book. For Tolkien fans as I am , who read Silmarillion , this will be nice and informative read. I must admit that I was a bit bored in some parts, but overall impression is more than good.

Also, during this read I realized how slow I am when reading Tolkien. I suppose there are books or even writers that I have to savor: I need to read them very slowly, so I can taste each word or phrase, to let them pas If you are not huge Tolkien fan or you haven't read Silmarillion yet, I suggest you to to skip this book.

I need to read them very slowly, so I can taste each word or phrase, to let them pass over my tongue. Jun 18, Lydia Redwine rated it really liked it Shelves: Since I found some of these stories quite interesting and a couple others utterly boring, I've brought my rating to 4 stars.

I will say that it isn't a good idea to go into this book unless you are already an avid Tolkien fan.

This book is a collection of unfinished pieces I mean, the title? If reading notes upon notes of what certain things could have meant etc.

I did find it all ve Since I found some of these stories quite interesting and a couple others utterly boring, I've brought my rating to 4 stars. I did find it all very interesting, however, since it gave me insight into Tolkien's writing process I mean he started writing The Silmarillion during WWI surrounded by gramophones to distract himself from the war itself.

I'm also a huge geek for history in general whether that be history of the real world or of fictional worlds. Such as Gandalf's reasons for helping Thorin Oakensheild defeat Smaug and take back his home and involving Bilbo in the whole affair directly from his own words.

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Further history on Galadriel is explored and because she is far more intriguing than she appears in Lord of the Rings , I loved it. Remember that rather confusing part in Fellowship of the Ring where she gets all creepy when Frodo offers her the ring but then says that she passed a test? Yeah, that's all explained among many other things. There are also included whole sections that speak of the hunt for the ring in LOTR but from the perspective of Sauron in a way and the Nazgul.

Another part I heavily enjoyed was that of Haleth and her people who were mentioned in The Silmarillion. I mentioned in that review how much I loved and appreciated her character. More is revealed about their people and culture in this book which honestly bumped up the rating one star even if that section was brief. A few other stories were also very interesting to me.

They were all like stories out of a collection of myths. It is an excellent edition in terms of better understanding the world in history. Almost every so called "plot hole" that people talk about is explained in this book as well as in others. Tolkien, who was such a perfectionist when it came to writing, would not leave so many plot holes as some people think there to be. Of course, Tolkien's main work can be enjoyed without reading this. Also, I think Christopher Tolkien should be given a lot of credit for his likewise carefulness, abundance of notes, and respect for his father's work and the effect it has had on the world of literature.

I can't believe I've never read this before! I would recommend this to anyone who's read the Silmarillion and is interested in more history of Middle-Earth. I say the Silmarillion because there's a lot of assumptions that the reader is familiar with the Valar, the Blessed Realm, and the general events of the First Age. You don't need to remember the details, but at least the basic narrative. Alternatively, if you just want more info on events of the Third Age, which is when the Lord of the Rings I can't believe I've never read this before!

Alternatively, if you just want more info on events of the Third Age, which is when the Lord of the Rings and the Hobbit take place, you could skip the first two sections and just read the third and I don't think you'd feel lost. This book is divided into three sections. Each one covers an age in Middle-Earth. The First Age only has two stories, the first of which is definitely "unfinished. It's a great story that is told in brief in the Silmarillion. Here, it goes into much greater detail Christopher Tolkien, J.

Tolkien's son and editor of this book, only supplies what his father wrote. He adds footnotes and fragments that he can find, but it's definitely unfinished. As it was the first story in this book, I got worried that all of them would be like that: Luckily, that was only the case a few times. The only other story from the First Age is the tale of the children of Hurin, also told more briefly in the Silmarillion, but also recently it received its own standalone book treatment, so it hardly belongs in here.

However, Christopher Tolkien offers lots of versions of different parts of the text, so you really learn a lot about the evolution of the story, which is focused on Turin Tuor's cousin! It's a sad story. The second section is about the Second Age and focuses on Numenor, the island where come the Kings of Gondor and the Dunedain. The main story also ends somewhat abruptly and is sad in nature, but again, Christopher Tolkien outlines how it may have ended.

There's also a lot of contradictory writings about Galadriel and Celeborn, and it seems Tolkien never made up his mind on what their history definitively was.

The Third Age has a lot of interesting stories, including the history or Rohan and their friendship with Gondor, details of battles only briefly mentioned in the Lord of the Rings, the powers of the Nazgul, the five wizards and their origins, details about the palantirs, and more. These felt more complete, maybe because they weren't plot driven, but just interesting info. Loved it and will reread it.

Friday, April 13, at 6: I'm also concurrently listening to the related Mythgard Academy podcasts: Sep 27, Evan Edinger rated it it was amazing. It took me ages to read, but it was wholly fascinating how much detail lies behind every individual action in Middle Earth.

I feel like everything will make so much more sense! Feb 10, E. Wow, that was a long one. Turns out unfinished means exactly that. The stories featured here are ones that J.

Tolkien never finished for one reason or another. I appreciated that Christopher seemed just as sad as I was that some of the stories were never finished because quite of few of them were very interesting and enjoyable.

The man had an amazing imagination.

Each story held something of interest, it was just that some stories had parts that were over-descriptive in the scenery department, or sometimes were just things I already knew, so I skimmed them.

People who enjoy angsty relationship drama would probably like it more than I did. P Other than that one story, though, I can say I at least liked if not loved the rest of the stories and am very glad to have finally gotten around to reading Unfinished Tales. There was no need for intimidation, though. Just patience and a steady speed of reading. Readers who are easily depressed may want to skip it entirely or wait to read it at a time when you are feeling emotionally able to handle the sadness.

Be aware either way that two characters in that story commit suicide: One via throwing themselves into a river and one via sword. May 08, Kevis Hendrickson rated it it was amazing. Tolkien's Unfinished Tales is a terrific book for diehard Tolkien fans, in particular, fans of The Lord of the Rings who have not yet read The Silmarillion.

Ever wondered what were the exact events that caused Isildur to lose the One Ring? Or the origins of Wizards? Or what Middle-Earth was like during its First Age? Unfinished Tales helps to shed light on the complex creation of Middle-Earth and the many tales and legends that relate the events in its long and largely tumultuous history.

I found this book to be very interesting with a number of wonderful never before told tales from Tolkien's furiously hoarded safe box of writings such as "Of Tuor and His Coming to Gondolin", "The Disaster of The Gladden Fields" and my personal favorite "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife".

Even in their sometimes incomplete state, the archaic nature of the tales contained in this book add to the mystique that Tolkien discovered a trove of ancient manuscripts in some dark and remote cave recounting a lost and forgotten age of our world rather than merely conjuring it up out of his vast and unfettered imagination.

My only complaint about Unfinished Tales is that like the other history of Middle-Earth books, Tolkien's son and literary executor Christopher is too enamored of trivial events in his father's creation of Middle-Earth and seems too driven to point out every single nuance and sometimes meaningless facts about the many versions of the tales his father wrote before they came to their final, but incomplete forms. This makes for some rather unnecessarily confusing, if not, at times, dull reading.

Even so, I would recommend this book to anyone who wants to learn more about how Tolkien created the world behind The Lord of the Rings and the many wondrous and previously unpublished tales that we could only guess had existed.

Tolkien fans. A fascinating look at many of the stories that did not make it into Professor Tolkien's primary works. This is probably one of my favorite books of this well-known mythology. Kalian ingin lebih mendalami Islam? Tapi malas beli bukunya karena ngabis-ngabisin duit??

Tenang saja!! Kami telah menyediakan daftar It was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae. Measuring on average 95 to cm 37 to 39 in from beak tip to end of tail with a to cm to in wingspan, the adult black stork has mainly black plumage, with white underparts, long red legs and a long pointed red beak.

Download gratis novel terjemahan the hobbit.. Published on 14 November 2. Heinlein published in Images tagged with novel on instagram - pictame. Writer, gamer, dad.Elw Singollo which signifies Greymantle and Olw his brother. While the Lamps had shone, growth began there which now was checked, because all was again dark. Manw has no thought for his own honour, and is not jealous of his power, but rules all to peace. Their halls are above the everlasting snow, upon Oioloss, the uttermost tower of Taniquetil, tallest of all the mountains upon Earth.

Dreadful among these spirits were the Valaraukar, the scourges of fire that in Middle-earth were called the Balrogs, demons of terror. About J. Gandalf , Tuor. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. And when Valinor was full-wrought and the mansions of the Valar were established, in the midst of the plain beyond the mountains they built their city, Valmar of many bells.

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