Or, if we decide to make our tutorials available in plain text format, we only . In this lesson, we'll construct a basic XML file for storing phone book information. But we don't expect people to actually read text with XML markup. Rather, the XML must be processed to put the data in a presentable form. XML has a number . xml/fictionbook/" . title for the entire book, should be used if the simple text version in is.

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Online shopping for XML - Programming Languages from a great selection at Books Store. Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for It also defines the media types application/xml and text/xml, which say only that the data is in XML, and nothing about its semantics. .. was first formalized in XML, although it had been implemented successfully in the Electronic Book. Look at the following XML file (raudone.info). × The child nodes contain one text node each, "Everyday Italian", "Giada De Laurentiis", "", and "".

Suffice to say that my next book will be written in XML too. I found it useful not just for me, but also there a few tricks that were handy when collaborating with a co-author, particular when Dave Rice ended up in Australia.

The strength wasn't so much XML, as the fact that XML is a plain text format, which opens up tools that work well with plain text.

Typing in the text It seems the first question people ask is "what do you type in the text with". The answer seems pretty obvious to me - a text editor. As a programmer I'm pretty familiar with many text editors, and one of the strengths of XML as a format is that you can use whatever text editor you like to type things in with.

This was great for collaborators since I didn't have to worry about getting expensive software to them to contribute their sections to the book. It's fast and full of simple but handy features.

I found its clips library was really good at tagging the text the way I wanted it. I considered other XML editing tools, but wasn't keen on the various alternatives.

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Just this last few months I've started using XEmacs. I've used emacs off and on for many years, but mostly off as every computer I used seemed to either not have it, or the windows ports were very unknowing of the rest of the system I consider cut and paste to be basic functionality. Xemacs Of course you have to be used to emacs key combinations, which seem very retro these days.

I've tried XML spy a couple of times, but it doesn't really suit my purposes. It's more focused on data oriented XML and isn't really as nice for typing text.


Once I got used to the key combinations I missed the nice ones in XEmacs. I'll see how things develop in the future.

I could certainly imagine a better tool that a simple text editor, but so far the text editors have beaten some very fancy and expensive tools. It didn't start that way.


I just find it very hard to write and work with. It's also pretty complex, which doesn't help at all. Despite its faults, XSLT is powerful. But there are a few tips to make your life saner remember that XSLT is like a functional programming language, it doesn't allow variables in the normal way, so you use recursion when you want to loop. You'll be more comfortable with this if you've ever used awk. It's a dauntingly large book, but it is a very fine reference.

For the book I had ant scripts that built the code and built the book pages automatically.


Having a build script made life much easier. I find it much easier to write with a simple set of logical tags, even though my pages are very simple in their formatting. One day I'll maybe have a fancy web site. Converting to print While converting to HTML is simple and obvious, books require a print style format.

Another issue with the FOP route, at least at the moment, was that the publisher wasn't really ready for it.

Applications for the Microsoft. Many of these standards are quite complex and it is not uncommon for a specification to comprise several thousand pages.

XML is used extensively to underpin various publishing formats. Disparate systems communicate with each other by exchanging XML messages.

This is also referred to as the canonical schema. XML has come into common use for the interchange of data over the Internet. This is not an exhaustive list of all the constructs that appear in XML; it provides an introduction to the key constructs most often encountered in day-to-day use. Character An XML document is a string of characters. Almost every legal Unicode character may appear in an XML document. Processor and application The processor analyzes the markup and passes structured information to an application.

This is accomplished by automatically creating a mapping between elements of the XML schema XSD of the document and members of a class to be represented in memory. Other criticisms attempt to refute the claim that XML is a self-describing language [40] though the XML specification itself makes no such claim.

JSON , YAML , and S-Expressions are frequently proposed as simpler alternatives see Comparison of data serialization formats ; [41] that focus on representing highly structured data rather than documents, which may contain both highly structured and relatively unstructured content. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Markup language developed by the W3C for encoding of data. XML Filename extension. Main article: Valid characters in XML. Well-formed document. Document type definition. XML schema W3C. Document Object Model. Internet Engineering Task Force. July World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 22 August Retrieved 14 August Retrieved 16 November XML London The Apple Examiner.

Retrieved 23 November Archived from the original on Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 22 April NET Framework". Retrieved 31 July Mozilla Developer Center. Mozilla Foundation. Core Syntax". Concepts and Abstract Syntax".

Searching for ways to tame the world's vast stores of information". Association for Computing Machinery's "Queue site". Retrieved 16 April Interactive multimedia. Cobb Group. CS1 maint: Extra text: Retrieved 20 January Effective XML. The Angle Bracket Tax". September Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. CERN httpd Libwww. Web browsers.

Bookmarks Extensions Privacy mode Sync. Category Comparisons List. Data exchange formats. Semantic Web. Dataspaces Hyperdata Linked data Rule-based systems.

Semantic analytics Semantic broker Semantic computing Semantic mapper Semantic matching Semantic publishing Semantic reasoner Semantic search Semantic service-oriented architecture Semantic wiki. Collective intelligence Description logic Folksonomy Geotagging Information architecture Knowledge extraction Knowledge management Knowledge representation and reasoning Library 2.

Writing with XML

Authority control BNE: XX BNF: Retrieved from " https: Hidden categories: Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.It is inconvenient to insert exotic characters from a common terminal.

Comments cannot appear before the XML declaration. The start and end tags have to match exactly in case and spelling. The answer seems pretty obvious to me - a text editor. Public domain varieties include the venerable troff, which dates back to the first Unix system, and T E X, which is still popular in universities.

XX BNF: In addition to being well-formed, an XML document may be valid. XML works best for small data files or for data that is not meant to be searched randomly. The future version of Microsoft Word may well also support this kind of thing. As soon as I start doing anything non-trivial in a word processor I like to set up logical styles that match the way the content of my writing is structured.

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