Jane Eyre. Charlotte Bronte. This eBook was designed and published by Planet PDF. For more free. eBooks visit our Web site at raudone.info Não fiz um prefácio à primeira edição de “Jane Eyre” por ser desnecessário. Esta . Voltei ao meu livro – a “História dos Pássaros Ingleses”, de Bewick. Free PDF, epub, site ebook. Jane Eyre follows the emotions and experiences of its title character, including her growth to adulthood, and her love for Mr.
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Plot[ edit ] Jane Eyre is divided into 38 chapters. It was originally published in three volumes in the 19th century, comprising chapters 1 to 15, 16 to 27, and 28 to This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed.
Please help improve it by removing unnecessary details and making it more concise. October Introduction[ edit ] The novel is a first-person narrative from the perspective of the title character.
John Rivers, proposes to her; and ultimately her reunion with, and marriage to, her beloved Rochester. Throughout these sections, the novel provides perspectives on a number of important social issues and ideas, many of which are critical of the status quo. Jane's childhood[ edit ] Young Jane argues with her guardian Mrs. Reed of Gateshead, illustration by F. Townsend Jane Eyre, aged 10, lives with her maternal uncle's family, the Reeds, as a result of her uncle's dying wish.
It is several years after her parents died of typhus. Reed, Jane's uncle, was the only member of the Reed family who was ever kind to Jane. Jane's aunt, Sarah Reed, dislikes her, abuses her, and treats her as a burden, and discourages her children from associating with Jane. The nursemaid, Bessie, proves to be Jane's only ally in the household, even though Bessie occasionally scolds Jane harshly. Excluded from the family activities, Jane leads an unhappy childhood, with only a doll and books with which to entertain herself.
One day, as punishment for defending herself against her cousin John Reed, Jane is relegated to the red room in which her late uncle had died; there, she faints from panic after she thinks she has seen his ghost. The red room is significant because it lays the grounds for the "ambiguous relationship between parents and children" which plays out in all of Jane's future relationships with male figures throughout the novel.
Lloyd to whom Jane reveals how unhappy she is living at Gateshead Hall. He recommends to Mrs. Reed that Jane should be sent to school, an idea Mrs. Reed happily supports. Reed then enlists the aid of the harsh Mr. Brocklehurst, who is the director of Lowood Institution, a charity school for girls, to enroll Jane. Reed cautions Mr.
Brocklehurst that Jane has a "tendency for deceit", which he interprets as her being a "liar". Before Jane leaves, however, she confronts Mrs. Reed and declares that she'll never call her "aunt" again. Jane also tells Mrs. Reed and her daughters, Georgiana and Eliza, that they are the ones who are deceitful, and that she will tell everyone at Lowood how cruelly the Reeds treated her. During a class session, her new friend looks back at Jane and is caught, which provokes a lashing. As Mr. Brocklehurst enters just prior to the lashing, then permits it to take place, Jane drops her slate which causes a loud crash and breaks it, thereby drawing attention to herself.
She is then forced to stand on a stool with no food nor water and is called a "sinner". The other girls are told not to engage with her as she is a liar. Miss Temple, the caring superintendent, facilitates Jane's self-defence. Helen and Miss Temple are Jane's two main role models who positively guide her development, despite the harsh treatment she has received from many others. The 80 pupils at Lowood are subjected to cold rooms, poor meals, and thin clothing.
Many students fall ill when a typhus epidemic strikes; Helen dies of consumption in Jane's arms. When Mr. Brocklehurst's maltreatment of the students is discovered, several benefactors erect a new building and install a sympathetic management committee to moderate Mr.
Brocklehurst's harsh rule. Conditions at the school then improve dramatically. The name Lowood symbolises the "low" point in Jane's life where she was maltreated. Her friend and confidante, Miss Temple, also leaves after getting married. She advertises her services as a governess. One night, while Jane is walking to a nearby town, a horseman passes her. The horse slips on ice and throws the rider. Despite the rider's surliness, Jane helps him get back onto his horse. Later, back at Thornfield, she learns that this man is Edward Rochester, master of the house.
At Jane's first meeting with Mr. Rochester, he teases her, accusing her of bewitching his horse to make him fall.
Jane is able to stand up to his initially arrogant manner, despite his strange behaviour. Rochester and Jane soon come to enjoy each other's company, and spend many evenings together. Odd things start to happen at the house, such as a strange laugh being heard, a mysterious fire in Mr. Rochester's room from which Jane saves Rochester by rousing him and throwing water on him and the fire , and an attack on a house-guest named Mr.
After Jane saves Mr. Rochester from the fire, he thanks her tenderly and emotionally, and that night Jane feels strange emotions of her own towards him. The next day however he leaves unexpectedly for a distant party gathering, and several days later returns with the whole party, including the beautiful and talented Blanche Ingram. Jane sees that Blanche and Mr. Rochester favour each other and starts to feel jealous, particularly because she also sees that Blanche is snobbish and heartless.
Jane then receives word that Mrs. Reed has suffered a stroke and is calling for her. Jane returns to Gateshead and remains there for a month to attend her dying aunt. Reed confesses to Jane that she wronged her, bringing forth a letter from Jane's paternal uncle, Mr. John Eyre, in which he asks for her to live with him and be his heir.
Reed admits to telling Mr. Eyre that Jane had died of fever at Lowood. Soon afterward, Mrs.
Reed dies, and Jane helps her cousins after the funeral before returning to Thornfield. Townsend Back at Thornfield, Jane broods over Mr.
Rochester's rumoured impending marriage to Blanche Ingram. However, one midsummer evening, Rochester baits Jane by saying how much he will miss her after getting married and how she will soon forget him. The normally self-controlled Jane reveals her feelings for him.
Rochester then is sure that Jane is sincerely in love with him, and he proposes marriage. Jane is at first skeptical of his sincerity, before accepting his proposal. She then writes to her Uncle John, telling him of her happy news.
As she prepares for her wedding, Jane's forebodings arise when a strange woman sneaks into her room one night and rips her wedding veil in two. As with the previous mysterious events, Mr. Rochester attributes the incident to Grace Poole, one of his servants. During the wedding ceremony however, Mr. Mason and a lawyer declare that Mr. Rochester cannot marry because he is already married to Mr.
Mason's sister, Bertha.
Rochester admits this is true but explains that his father tricked him into the marriage for her money. Once they were united, he discovered that she was rapidly descending into congenital madness, and so he eventually locked her away in Thornfield, hiring Grace Poole as a nurse to look after her. When Grace gets drunk, Rochester's wife escapes and causes the strange happenings at Thornfield.
It turns out that Jane's uncle, Mr. John Eyre, is a friend of Mr. Mason's and was visited by him soon after Mr. Eyre received Jane's letter about her impending marriage. After the marriage ceremony is broken off, Mr. Rochester asks Jane to go with him to the south of France, and live with him as husband and wife, even though they cannot be married. Refusing to go against her principles, and despite her love for him, Jane leaves Thornfield in the middle of the night.
She accidentally leaves her bundle of possessions on the coach and is forced to sleep on the moor. She unsuccessfully attempts to trade her handkerchief and gloves for food. Exhausted and starving, she eventually makes her way to the home of Diana and Mary Rivers, but is turned away by the housekeeper.
She collapses on the doorstep, preparing for her death. John Rivers, Diana and Mary's brother and a clergyman, rescues her.
After she regains her health, St. John finds Jane a teaching position at a nearby village school. Jane becomes good friends with the sisters, but St. John remains aloof. The sisters leave for governess jobs, and St. Families favored governesses in their mid. While many women in the s did work in mills and factories.
Being a governess. Did You Know? The occupation of governess had a special appeal for middle-class women during the Victorian era. Working long hours and being expected to remain invisible during social gatherings. In addition. A governess lived with the upper-middle-class or upper-class family who hired her to teach their children.
These class distinctions as well as the deprivations of the socially disadvantaged are evident in the plot. This fact. While their wages rose over time. Jane Eyre Study Guide Although a governess maintained a ladylike appearance and was often better educated than her employers. To stave off an impoverished old age.
In Jane Eyre. Discuss With a partner. As you read the novel. In this scene. Jane is ten years old at the opening of Chapter 1 and eighteen at the close of Chapter In your opinion.
In other words. The first-person approach also serves as a way of getting the reader to empathize with the main character. In this emblematic description of the setting. Jane lives without the warmth of family or friends. These comments occur more frequently after the first ten chapters.
Jane Eyre: An Autobiography by Charlotte Brontë
What kinds of feelings do people have in these situations? Setting a Purpose Read to find out about the experiences of a young girl who is both an orphan and an outsider. There she reads a favorite book in search of comfort.
As you read. Then note the feelings Jane has toward each person. Jane Eyre feelings: Reed description: Brocklehurst description: Helen Burns description: Miss Temple description: Describe the conditions at Lowood school.
What qualities would make her valuable as a friend? What qualities would make friendship with her difficult? Reed treat Jane? What happens in the red-room? What does Jane say to her aunt after this traumatic incident?
What observation does Helen make about Jane? How does Mrs. What is unfair about Mr. Why do conditions at Lowood improve? What does Jane gain from her eight years there? What is her ambition? Analyzing Literature Recall and Interpret 1. In your group. What challenges or trials does Jane face at Gateshead and at Lowood? What do we learn about Jane from her responses to these trials? Do you see any signs of personal growth or change in Jane in these settings? What generalizations might you make about Jane from age ten to age eighteen?
Write your character analysis on a separate sheet of paper. What is your opinion of this point of view? Literature and Writing Character Analysis In this portion of the novel. Review the first ten chapters. Using this information. The author also describes Jane from the outside. Take turns presenting your scenes to the class. Save your work for your portfolio. Assemble simple items to serve as props or parts of costumes that will help suggest the grim setting and atmosphere.
Conduct research to find out what options exist today for children without parents. How are Jane and Helen Burns different in their attitude toward injustice? How would you explain this difference? Another character at Lowood. Gothic novels. Jane embarks on a new phase of her life at a place called Thornfield Hall. Then rate each factor on a scale of 1 least important to 10 most important. While Jane Eyre is not a gothic novel.
At Thornfield. As you read Chapters 11— Like Mr. List at least six factors. Why or why not? What attributes besides physical characteristics might cause two people to be attracted to each other? Chart It Create a chart of personality traits that could be attraction factors. Even in earlier chapters. Carus Wilson. Setting a Purpose Read to find out what new relationships Jane experiences.
Gothic novels take place in gloomy or eerie settings. Jane gets to know her new employer. As you read Chapters 13— Goals Jane Eyre Study Guide Edward Rochester of Thornfield Hall.
Physical Appearance. How do Jane and Rochester behave toward each other when they converse? Who is Mason?
How does Rochester react when he learns of his arrival? What do all these events tell you about the relationship between Rochester and Mason? What strange sound does Jane hear on her tour of Thornfield Hall? Who does she think is responsible? Do you think Rochester is in love with Blanche Ingram? Do you think he has any feelings for Jane? Before explaining your answers. Does it give a complete picture of Jane so far? Art Connection Jane.
After everyone has contributed. For example. If Jane had kept a diary of her experiences as a new governess at Thornfield Hall. Allow time for reactions to each description of Jane. This evidence could be dialogue or description from the novel. Post the drawings in a place where all students can view and discuss them.
Write down your evidence on a sheet of paper. Based on the novel so far. At the heart of every plot is a conflict—a struggle between two opposing forces. As you read Chapters 21— This male character type is based on the poetry and life of Lord Byron. What were the pros and cons of each side? Did you make a good decision? Was your decision guided by emotions. A plot is a series of events.
Jane faces conflicts with Mrs. As a child. Reed and later with Mr. How do you figure out what is the best thing to do? In many well-crafted works of fiction. Brocklehurst at Lowood school. These are both external conflicts. Setting a Purpose Read the next section of the novel to find out about a decision Jane makes.
Ruggedly handsome. Rochester says. Jane and Rochester 1. Jane believes she will need to look for a new job 2. Rochester acted as though he were courting Blanche 9. Rochester asks Jane to marry him 5. Jane begins to hope that Rochester and Blanche will not be married 3. Jane agrees to marry Rochester 6. Jane sobs when Rochester speaks of her going away to Ireland 4. Jane does not want Rochester to download her dresses and jewels 8.
Although guarded at first. Provide specific responses based on the novel. When Jane revisits Gateshead. Reed show her? Who is Bertha? What does Jane decide to do? Are her actions believable in light of her character? Before responding to this question. What surprising revelation does Rochester make to Jane? When you have finished the narrative. Present events in chronological order and write the narrative in the first person. Do you find this theory plausible?
Or do you have another idea about Bertha? Learning for Life In the working world. Many fiction writers use dreams to foreshadow. Literature Groups What do you make of Bertha Rochester?
Or does her character have a more representational role in the story? Some critics see Bertha as a symbol of uncontrolled passion. Rochester reveals the full truth about his past. Given this fact. In a follow-up discussion. Think of six to ten interview questions you would like to ask one of the characters in the novel to help you better understand his or her motives or intentions. Select the three questions that you feel would uncover the most important insights into your character.
The sight of Bertha shocks Jane back to reality. Give three examples of this technique from Chapters 21— In Victorian England. Ask for feedback on whether it is clear and complete. He has written about his experiences in several collections of stories.
This landscape is much like that found in northern Yorkshire. Her early life was one of almost unrelieved hardship and injustice. What do you think are some of the costs and benefits of making such a commitment? Web It In a small group. With whom or what does Jane struggle in this section?
The scene shifts again in these next chapters as Jane finds herself in a remote moorland region. In this highly symbolic morality tale.
He carries a heavy bundle on his back. As you read the next part of Jane Eyre. For Jane. John Rivers. Consider what St. Physical Appearance -tall an d s le n de r Manner or Mood St.
John does and says about himself as well as what other characters observe about him. I abandon half myself? Why does St. John help Jane? What news does he bring to Jane? How does St. What happens to Jane on the way to Marsh End?
How does Jane respond to the Rivers family? John ask Jane to come to India with him as his wife? How does she answer him? What do you think Jane means when she says. Give two examples. John proposes a new path in life for Jane.
That person needs to be sure you will behave responsibly and safely. What traits in St. What conflicts seem to be troubling her?
You are generally well qualified. Jane comes close to changing her mind about marrying St. Do you share those feelings? What seems to make him tick as a person? Write a psychological profile of this character. Have different pairs of students read the parts of Jane and St.
Then read the dialogue aloud once with your partner before presenting it to the group.Who is Bertha? The occupation of governess had a special appeal for middle-class women during the Victorian era. Cristina CB. Literature and Writing Merger or Takeover? Given this fact.