शीर्षक, अनुलग्नक फ़ाइल. Constitution of India - in English, PDF icon Download. Constitution of India - in Hindi, PDF icon Download. Constitution of India. the text of the Constitution of India has been brought up-to-date by including the Constitution (One Hundredth Amendment) Act, which. Download Constitution Of India In English में) डाउनलोड करें http:// raudone.info
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Latest and complete FREE handy guide of Indian Constitution (Bharat Ka Samvidhan) that contains the latest ☀ Preamble, ☀ Parts, ☀ Articles, ☀ Schedules. Constitution of India (Full Text). All the hyperlinks given in this page opens a Portable Document Format (PDF) file in a new window. THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA. WE, THE 1Subs. by the Constitution (Forty- second Amendment) Act, , s. 2, for “ (1) India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. 1[(2) The .. Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious.
Language Provisions in the Constitution of the Indian Union Context On August 15, , India achieved independence, although the country was immediately partitioned into two separate countries: Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan. The following year, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu extremist, and the disappearance of the inspirational force behind independence ushered in a new period in Indian history.
Nonetheless, on January 26, , India adopted a new constitution that created a federal state known as the Indian Union, a democratic lay republic and member of the British Commonwealth.
The Constitution adopted in stipulated that English and Hindi would be used for the Union's official business for a period of fifteen years s.
After that time, Hindi was supposed to become the sole official language of the Union. It proved impossible to replace English with Hindi, however, because of strong opposition from the southern states, where Dravidian languages were spoken.
They felt that the federal government was trying to impose Hindi across the country, including the south, and preferred to continue using English, which they found more "acceptable" because, unlike Hindi, it was not associated with any particular ethnic group.
Note that the Act was adopted in English and Hindi. Language provisions in the Constitution of the Indian Union Adopted January 26, Article 29 Protection of interests of minorities 1 Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same.
Article 30 Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions 1 All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. India ceased to be a dominion of the British Crown and became a sovereign democratic republic with the constitution. Articles 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 60, , , , , , , , , , and of the constitution came into force on 26 November , and the remaining articles became effective on 26 January Mindful of India's needs and conditions, its framers borrowed features of previous legislation such as the Government of India Act , the Indian Councils Acts of , and , the Government of India Acts of and , and the Indian Independence Act The latter, which led to the creation of India and Pakistan, divided the former Constituent Assembly in two.
Each new assembly had sovereign power to draft and enact a new constitution for the separate states. Ambedkar was a wise constitutional expert, he had studied the constitutions of about 60 countries. Ambedkar is recognised as the "Father of the Constitution of India".
Krishnamachari said: "Mr. President, Sir, I am one of those in the House who have listened to Dr.
Ambedkar very carefully. I am aware of the amount of work and enthusiasm that he has brought to bear on the work of drafting this Constitution.
At the same time, I do realise that that amount of attention that was necessary for the purpose of drafting a constitution so important to us at this moment has not been given to it by the Drafting Committee.
The House is perhaps aware that of the seven members nominated by you, one had resigned from the House and was replaced. One died and was not replaced.
One was away in America and his place was not filled up and another person was engaged in State affairs, and there was a void to that extent. One or two people were far away from Delhi and perhaps reasons of health did not permit them to attend.Two of Canada's northern territories legislate a variety of Indigenous languages.
Important articles of constitution of India. Insert parts 4A and 14A.
The House is perhaps aware that of the seven members nominated by you, one had resigned from the House and was replaced. Follow youtube Channel for Live Classes and video crash courses. Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth.
Ambedkar as chair. Rehabilitating the refugees who migrated from Pakistan , merging the princely states , maintenance of law and order were the major challenges. Rau initially members in total, which declined to after partition.
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