EBOOK CARA JAWAB TOEFL GRATIS

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SOAL TES TOEFL DAN PEMBAHASAN JAWABAN raudone.info - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. SOAL TES TOEFL. Ebook Cara Jawab Toefl Free Download, Ebook Cara Jawab Toefl Gratis, Ebook Cara Jawab Toefl Pdf, Ebook Cara Menjawab Toefl, Ebook. EBOOK CARA JAWAB TOEFL terdapat 61 Jurus yang perlu Anda pelajari secara bertahap. Ebook ini terdiri dari materi dan latihan setiap jurusnya yang akan.


Ebook Cara Jawab Toefl Gratis

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Contoh menghitung skor TOEFL: Jawaban Nilai Konversi dengan Sub Test Anda perlu sekali memahami perbedaannya, terutama cara pengucapannya. Big Book TOEFL - Ebook written by Estiwi Retno Purnaning, Alvina Kusuma, Nurul Hudha, Anggia Eka. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your . A single copy of this Handbook is distributed free to all students registered for a TOEFL ITP test. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in.

Sekarang yang ada hanya dua lembar yang tersisa di dunia, orang-orang yang meliputi Greenland dan Antartika. Badan domelike es yang juga mengalir keluar di segala penjuru tetapi mencakup kurang dari Kategori kedua gletser termasuk orang-orang dari berbagai bentuk dan ukuran yang umumnya disebut gunung atau alpine gletser.

Salah satu bentuk gunung gletser yang menyerupai topi es yang mengalir ke luar dalam beberapa arah disebut medan es. Perbedaan antara medan es dan topi es halus. Pada dasarnya, arus medan es agak dikendalikan oleh daerah sekitarnya dan dengan demikian tidak memiliki bentuk seperti topi.

Ada beberapa bidang es di Wrangell. Kurang spektakuler daripada besar es bidang yang paling umum jenis gunung gletser: cirque dan lembah gletser. Cirque gletser ditemukan dalam depresi di permukaan tanah dan memiliki bentuk melingkar yang khas. Es lembah gletser, terikat oleh daerah, mengalir ke lembah, kurva yang disudut-sudut mereka dan jatuh diatas tebing. What does the passage mainly discuss? It can be inferred that ice sheets are so named for which of the following reasons?

Pembahasan : Frasa whole continents pada kalimat those massive blankets that cover whole continents appropriately called ice sheet menunjukkan bahwa daratan yang tertutup gletser mencakup wilayah yang sangat luas, hampir keseluruhan daratan.

According to the passage, where was the Cordilleran Ice Sheet thickest? Which of the following types of glaciers does the author use to illustrate the two basic types of glaciers mentioned in line 1? Homo habilis and its successor, Homo erectus, coexisted with Australopithecus robustus on the plains of South Africa for more than a million years.

The earliest fossil-containing layers of sedimentary rock in the cave date from about 1. The most important feature of the Australopithecus robustus hand was the pollical distal thumb tip, the last bone in the thumb. That muscle gave Australopithecus robustutJ an opposable thumb, a feature that would allow them to grip objects, including tools.

The researchers also found primitive bone and stone implements, especially digging tools, in the same layers of sediments. They walked upright, which would have allowed them to carry and use tools.

The discovery that Australopithecus robustus also used tools means that researchers will have to seek other explanations for their extinction. Perhaps their reliance on naturally occurring plants led to their downfall as the climate became drier and cooler, or perhaps Homo habilis, with their bigger brains, were simply able tomake more sophisticated tools. Terjemahan Alat dan tulang tangan yang digali dari kompleks gua Swartkrans di Afrika Selatan telah menjadi informasi bahwa kerabat dekat awal manusia yang dikenal sebagai Australopithecus robustus telah dibuat dan alat primitif telah digunakan jauh sebelum spesies punah 1 juta tahun lalu.

Homo habilis dan penerusnya, Homo erectus berdampingan dengan Australopithecus robustus di dataran Afrika Selatan selama lebih dari satu juta tahun. Gua Swartkrans di Afrika Selatan telah di bawah penggalian sejak tahun an. Fosil pertama yang mengandung lapisan batuan sedimen di gua berasal dari sekitar 1,9 juta tahun yang lalu dan berisi bangkai binatang, alat-alat primitif, dan dua atau lebih spesies hominid yang seprti kera.

Penemuan baru-baru ini menemukan tulang dari tangan Australopithecus robustus, pertama kalinya seperti tulang telah ditemukan sebelumnya. Fitur yang paling penting dari tangan Australopithecus robustus adalah ujung jari distal pollical, tulang di jempol. Para peneliti juga menemukan tulang primitif dan alat-alat batu, terutama menggali alat-alat, pada lapisan sedimen yang sama. Mereka memiliki wajah yang lebar, jaws berat, dan dapat penghancur besar dan penggilingan gigi yang digunakan untuk makan buah-buahan yang keras, benih, dan bagian berserat bawah tanah tanaman.

Mereka berjalan tegak, yang akan memungkinkan mereka untuk membawa dan menggunakan alat-alat. Kebanyakan ahli sebelumnya telah percaya bahwa Homo habilis mampu menggantikan Australopithecus robustus karena lebih dahulu mampu untuk menggunakan alat-alat memberi mereka keunggulan bawaan.

Penemuan bahwa Australopithecus robustus juga menggunakan alat berarti bahwa para peneliti harus mencari penjelasan lain untuk kepunahan mereka.

Mungkin mereka ketergantungan pada tanaman alami yang menyebabkan kejatuhan mereka sebagai iklim menjadi pengering dan pendingin, atau mungkin Homo habilis, dengan otak mereka yang lebih besar, yang hanya dapat membuat alat-alat yang lebih canggih. Berarti yang bukan adalah nenek moyang Australophitecus robustus. Which of the following does the author mention as the most important recent discovery made in the Swartkrans cave?

What does the author suggest is unclear about Australopithecus robustus? Where in the passage does the author mention the materials from which tools were made? These hunters had tracked down one after another of the microbes responsible for the most dreaded scourges of many centuries: tuberculosis, cholera, diphtheria.

But there, remained some terrible diseases for which no microbe could be incriminated: scurvy, pellagra, rickets, beriberi. Then it was discovered that these diseases were caused by the lack of vitamins, a trace substance in the diet. The diseases could be prevented or cured by consuming foods that contained the vitamins. They discovered that key enzymes in metabolism depend on one or another of the vitamins as coenzymes to perform the chemistry that provides cells with energy for growth and function.

Now, these enzyme hunters occupied center stage. These gene hunters, or genetic engineers, use recombinant DNA technology to identify and clone genes and introduce them into bacterial cells and plants to create factories for the massive production of hormones and vaccines for medicine and for better crops for agriculture.

Biotechnology has become a multibillion-dollar industry. In view of the inexorable progress in science, we can expect that the gene hunters will be replaced in the spotlight. When and by whom? Which kind of hunter will dominate the scene in the last decade of our waning century and in the early decades of the next? I wonder whether the hunters who will occupy the spotlight will be neurobiologists who apply the techniques of the enzyme and gene hunters to the functions of the brain: What to call them?

The head hunters. I will return to them later. Terjemahan Dua dekade pertama di abad ini didominasi oleh pemburu mikroba. Pemburu ini telah melacak satu demi satu mikroba yang bertanggung jawab untuk penyakit paling ditakuti selama berabad-abad: tuberkulosis, kolera, difteri.

Tapi masih ada beberapa penyakit mengerikan yang mikroba tidak bisa menyerang: penyakit kudis, pellagra, rickets, beri-beri.

Kemudian ditemukan bahwa penyakit ini disebabkan oleh kekurangan vitamin, bahan makanan untuk diet. Penyakit ini dapat dicegah atau disembuhkan dengan mengkonsumsi makanan yang mengandung vitamin. Jadi pada dekade tahun an dan tahun an, gizi menjadi sebuah ilmu dan pemburu vitamin digantikan pemburu mikroba. Di tahun an dan an, ilmuwan berusaha untuk mempelajari mengapa setiap vitamin sangat penting untuk kesehatan. Mereka menemukan bahwa kunci enzim dalam metabolisme tergantung pada satu sama lain dari vitamin sebagai koenzim untuk menghasilkan kimia yang menyediakan sel dengan energi untuk pertumbuhan dan fungsinya.

Sekarang, pemburu enzim ini menduduki peringkat atas. Bioteknologi telah menjadi multibillion-dolar industri. Dari pandangan yang tak terelakkan tentang kemajuan di bidang ilmu pengetahuan ini, kita berharap gen pemburu akan diganti secepatnya. What does the man imply about the assignment? It is too much to read in such a short time.

He has already read the material. He can read at work. The teacher knows that he has a job. Pembahasan untuk soal di atas adalah: What is the main topic of this conversation? Apa topik utama percakapan ini? Where does the conversation take place? Di rnana percakapan ini berlangsung? When did it occur? Kapan ini terjadi? What will the man probably do next? Apa yang mungkin akan dilakukan pria itu kemudian? How is the woman decide to download a …?

Bagaimana wanita itu memutuskan untuk membeli …? Who is the guest speaker? Siapa pembicara tamu itu? Biasanya setelah kuliah atau ceramah pendek, Anda akan mendengar 3 tiga sampai 7 tujuh pertanyaan. Teks lisan setiap ceramah terdiri atas sampai kata dan berlangsung sekitar 40 sampal 80 detik. Topiknya bersifat lebih akademis bila dibandingkan dengan Part A dan materinya berbicara seputar sejarah, ilmu pengetahuan, atau organisasi universitas, dan kadang-kadang Anda perlu memperhatikan informasi yang berkaitan dengan angka-angka yang terdapat dalam percakapan ini.

Di sini, Anda memiliki waktu kira-kira 12 detik untuk menjawab heberapa pertanyaan dalarn satu ceramah.

Berikut ini adalah sebuah contoh soal serta skrip salah satu ceramah. After each talk, you will be asked some questions. The talks and questions will be spoken just one time. Setelah ceramah, Anda akan diberi beberapa pertanyaan. Teks ceramah dan pertanyaan- pertanyaan akan diucapkan sekali saja. Teks ceramah dan pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut tidak akan ditunjukkan secara tertulis kepada Anda, karena itu Anda harus mendengarkan secara cermat agar bisa memahami dan mengingat apa yang diucapkan oleh pembicara.

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Ketika Anda mendengar sebuah pertanyaan, bacalah keempat pilihan jawaban di buku soal Anda dan tentukan satu jawaban terbaik untuk pertanyaan yang telah Anda dengar. Kemudian pada lembar jawab, temukan nomor soal dan hitamkan huruf yang cocok dengan pilihan jawabannya. Setelah membaca petunjuk di atas, bacalah soal yang mengikutinya. Berikut ini adalah contoh cuplikan soal listening untuk Part C.

Starting next month, instead of cubicles, we will have an open office. There will be no cubicle walls or partitions. Instead, desks will be arranged in clusters for each department. The desks in each department will be facing each other in clusters of four or six.

We feel this will facilitate better communication between workers in each department. It will also create a more welcoming environment for clients.

The department managers will still have their own offices, but each will have large windows and glass doors, to make employees and clients feel welcome to come inside. The project will start on the first of next month and should take about three weeks to complete. We will be moving to the third floor during that period.

What is the speaker mainly discussing? An office renovation. Building construction. A marketing campaign. New carpeting. Jawaban untuk soal di atas adalah: Dari frasa our new office layout denah baru kantor kita kita dapat menyimpulkan bahwa kantor tersebut akan direnovasi. Bila Anda memiliki waktu, lihatlah pilihan-pilihan jawaban yang tertera pada lembar soal dan temukan kata kuncinya.

Waspadailah pembicaraan pada kalimat pertama karena biasanya akan menjadi topik bagi kalimat-kalimat selanjutnya. Setelah ceramah selesai, Anda akan mendengar beberapa pertanyaan yang diucapkan sekali. Pertanyaannya biasanya dimulai dengan question words kata-kata tanya terutama: Pertanyaan tentang main idea pikiran utama termasuk: What are the speakers discussing?

Apa yang sedang dibicarakan oleh para pembicara? Pertanyaan mengenai detail termasuk: Pertanyaan mengenai purpose tujuan termasuk: Why does the speaker mention …? Mengapa pembicara menyebutkan …? Pertanyaan mengenai implication implikasi termasuk: What does the speaker imply about …? Apa yang pembicara maksud tentang …? Pertanyaan lainnya dalam bagian ini termasuk memilih gambar, mencocokkan pertanyaan, dan mengorganisir atau mengelompokkan pilihan jawaban.

You may be asked to pick out the correct drawing from what was described in words. Kamu akan diminta untuk memilih gambar yang sesuai dengan penjelasan. Banyak ekspresi bahasa Inggris yang bisa diterima dalam komunikasi lisan, namun tidak bisa diterima atau tidak lazim digunakan dalam komu- nikasi tulis, apalagi yang bersifat formal. Anda dituntut untuk bisa menentukan kalimat-kalimat mana yang paling efektif, dan benar dalam pengungkapannya, sehingga pengetahuan yang cukup tentang grammar sangat diperlukan karena Anda bisa dengan mudah mengidentifikasi kesalahan- kesalahan yang ada pada kalimat-kalimat tersebut.

Struktur and Written Expression Structure and Written Expression terdiri dari dua bagian, yaitu struktur kalimat dan ekspresi bahasa Inggris tulis written expression. Structure and Written Expression terdiri dari 40 soaI, yang terdiri atas 15 soal structure nomor 1 sampai dengan 15 dan 25 soal untuk written expression nomor 16 sampai dengan Waktu untuk mengerjakan 40 soal ini adalah 25 menit. Structure and Written Expression 1. Pahami bentuk-bentuk perintah direction pada masing-masing bagian part dengan baik sbelum hari-H ujian.

Kerjakan soal-soal structure terlebih dahulu. Lanjutkan pada soal-soal written expression. Kelima belas pertanyaan tersebut semuanya berupa kalimat tidak lengkap. Di bawah masing-masing kalimat, Anda akan menjumpai empat pilihan A, B, C, atau D yang berupa kata atau frasa.

Anda harus memilih salah satu dari keempat pilihan tersebut yang paling tepat digunakan untuk melengkapi kalimat soal. Dalam menjawab setiap soal atau pertanyaan pada Part A, strategi yang bisa Anda gunakan antara lain sebagai berikut: Baca satu kalimat secara keseluruhan yang dilengkapi dengan jawaban yang ada pada pilihan A.

Jika kalimat itu tidak benar, coba temukan alasan mengapa kalimat itu tidak benar. Jika Anda tetap tidak yakin, coba ingat-ingat pola kalimat pada soal tersebut.

Jika Anda tidak bisa menemukan jawaban yang benar, abaikan jawaban- jawaban yang jelas-jelas salah dan tebaklah. Berikut ini adalah petunjuk mengerjakan soal pada Part A disertai satu contoh soal beserta jawaban dari soal tersebut.

Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked A , B , C , and D. Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. Fill in the space so that the letter inside the oval cannot be seen.

Di bawah masing-masing kalimat Anda akan melihat empat kata atau frasa yang ditandai dengan huruf A , B , C dan D. Pilihlah satu kata atau frasa yang paling tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat tersebut. Kemudian pada lembar jawab Anda temukan nomor pertanyaan tersebut dan hitamkan bulatan yang sesuai dengan huruf pilihan jawaban Anda. Hitamkan sampai huruf di tengah bulatan tersebut tidak terlihat. Was B. Are C. Were D. Have Jawaban dan Pembahasan 1.

Penggunaan there di awal kalimat harus diikuti to be. Karena setelah to be yang dibutuhkan terdapat frasa kata benda antique furniture maka dibutuhkan no. Terakhir, karena ada penggunaan adverbia three days ago yang menunjukkan waktu lampau, maka bentuk to be-nya harus lampau, yaitu was.

Fatter merupakan kata sifat jadi dibutuhkan to be. Penggunaan studied menunjukkan bahwa kalimat ini bersifat lampau, jadi to be-nya juga harus lampau. Terakhir, karena subjeknya you, to be yang tepat adalah were. Masing-masing kalimat memiliki empat kata atau frasa yang digaris bawah, dan ditandai dengan huruf A , B , C , atau D. Anda diminta memilih salah satu dari keempat kata atau frasa tersebut yang harus diganti untuk membuat kalimat itu menjadi benar.

Berikut ini adalah petunjuk mengerjakan soal pada Part B disertai satu contoh soal beserta bahasan jawaban dari soal tersebut.

The four underlined part of the sentence are marked A , B , C , and D. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct. Keempat bagian kalimat yang digaris bawah tersebut ditandai dengan huruf A , B , C dan D. Temukan satu kata atau frasa yang digaris bawah yang harus diganti agar kalimat itu menjadi benar.

B C D Jawab: Kata modified pada kalimat adalah predikat kalimat, jadi tidak membutuhkan preposisi. Dengan demikian kata with seharusnya dihilangkan. C D Jawab: Kalimat diawali oleh frasa kata benda the new mall shopping. Hanya saja, posisi kata-kata pembentuk frasa tersebut tidak tepat, karena kata shopping seharusnya berada di depan mall karena berfungsi sebagai adjective.

Pilihan lain adalah dengan menghilangkan kata shopping. Setiap teks biasanya diikuti oleh 7 sampai 12 pertanyaan. Jumlah soal untuk Reading Comprehension adalah 50 soal.

Topik bacaan biasanya berkaitan dengan masalah-masalah akademik, terutama teks mengenai biologi, geografi, fisika, sejarah Amerika, biografi, ekonomi, ilmu-ilmu sosial dan seni. Materi yang diujikan dalam tes reading memiliki pola-pola dan standar tertentu. Anda diminta untuk mengetahui tema bacaan, menentukan main idea, mengetahui arti dari kosa kata tertentu, mengetahui informasi tertentu, melakukan penyimpulan, melakukan identifikasi atas pengecualian-pengecualian, dan mengetahui rujukan dari pronoun tertentu.

Tema bacaan yang diujikan pada bagian reading comprehension sangat bervariasi, akan tetapi secara umum bacaan tersebut memiliki tema-tema tertentu seperti perkuliahan, bahasan akademik yang diajarkan di universitas Amerika Serikat seperti seni, geologi, biologi, kesehatan, astronomi, geografi, antropologi, sosiologi, sistern pendidikan, sejarah, sastra, arsitektur, dll.

Konteks bacaan bahasa Inggris adalah kombinasi dari kosa kata dan tata bahasa grammar yang digunakan pada sebuah kata. Ini bisa berupa sebuah kalimat, paragraf, atau bacaan. Dengan memahami sebuah konteks Anda akan bisa memperkirakan arti sebuah kata.

Reading Comprehension Beberapa strategi yang bisa Anda gunakan dalam mengerjakan soal-soal bacaan antara lain: Teks bacaan tidak perlu dibaca semua dari awal hingga akhir. Hal ini hanya akan membuang-buang waktu. Bacalah pertanyaannya dahulu dan pahami maksudnya kemudian baru cari jawabannya di dalam teks. Jangan berpikir terlalu lama pada kata atau frasa yang Anda sendiri tidak tahu maksudnya. Cobalah menebak maksudnya sebab waktu Anda sangat pendek. Bacalah sekilas, amati kalimat pertama masing-masing paragraf.

Bacalah teks dengan cermat, tandai poin-poin utama, nama-nama, definisi, kesimpulan, tempat, dan angka-angka. Jawablah pertanyaan, namun jangan terlalu lama pada satu pertanyaan. Anda harus mengisi semua jawaban.

Jika harus menebak jawaban, pilihlah jawaban B atau C. Pertanyaan tentang Topik atau Tema Topik utama merupakan subjek utama bacaan, tentang apa bacaan itu. Topik atau tema bisa berupa: Contoh pertanyaan topik: What is the main topic of this passage? Apa topik utama bacaan ini? Pertanyaan tentang Topik atau Tema Untuk mengetahui topik sebuah bacaan Anda tidak perlu membaca secara detail dan mendalam.

Yang perlu Anda lakukan: Pertanyaan tentang Gagasan Utama Main Idea Main idea adalah pokok pikiran dari sebuah paragraf yang memuat keterangan, penjelasan, uraian atau pendapat dari si penulis tentang topik pokok bahasan.

Gagasan utama merupakan penjelasan untuk judul dari topik, menjelaskan dari sudut pandang si penulis.

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Gagasan utama merupakan penjelasan topik, maka akan lebih panjang dan berupa kalimat lengkap. Contoh pertanyaan tentang gagasan utama main idea What is the main idea of this passage? Apakah gagasan utama bacaan ini? Pertanyaan tentang Judul Title Untuk menjawab pertanyaan jenis ini, bacalah paragraf satu, atau beberapa paragraf awal. Judul biasanya berupa kata, frasa, atau kalimat sangat pendek. What will be the most suitable title for the passage?

Pertanyaan tentang Tujuan Purpose, Aim Tujuan merupakan alasan utama penulis menulis suatu bacaan. Tujuan ini dapat ditemukan pada paragraf pertama atau kedua, dan biasanya berhubungan erat dengan gagasan utama. Contoh pertanyaan tentang tujuan: What is the purpose of the text?

Pertanyaan tentang Informasi Detail Detailed Information Salah satu bagian penting dalam reading comprehension adalah menjawab tentang detail. Pertanyaan ini menanyakan fakta-fakta yang terdapat dalam bacaan mengenai: Sebagian besar pertanyaan pada bagian pemahaman bacaan termasuk dalam kategori tipe pertanyaan detail. Tipe pertanyaan ini bertanya mengenai sebagian kecil dari bacaan, bukan bacaan secara menyeluruh dan sekaligus bertanya mengenai informasi tersurat yang diungkapkan dalam bacaan.

Suatu parafrasa menyampaikan makna yang sama, tetapi sedikit berbeda dalam pemakaian kosakata maupun tata bahasa. According to the passage … Menurut teks tersebut … F. Pertanyaan tentang kesimpulan Conclusion Kesimpulan merupakan rangkuman dari bacaan. Kesimpulan terletak pada bagian akhir bacaan. Contoh pertanyaan kesimpulan: What can be inferred from the passage? Apa yang bisa disimpulkan dari bacaan itu? Pertanyaan tentang rujukan kata Reference Kata-kata pronoun seperti: Jadi tidak harus mengganti dengan kata benda yang sama.

Penulis cukup menggunakan reference. Kata acuan seringkaIi, tetapi tidak selalu, berupa pronomina atau pronoun. Kata ini dapat mengacu pada satu nomina noun atau satu frasa nomina noun phrase yang tersusun dari beberapa kata. Contoh Reading Comprehension: It was one of the first synthesizers to gain widespread use as a musical instrument.

He became fascinated with electronics as a teenager, particularly an early electronic music instrument called the theremin. In , while still an undergraduate student, Moog formed his own company to sell theremins and theremin kits. Working with American composer Herbert Deutsch, Moog introduced the prototype Moog Synthesizer at a convention in The device represented a significant advance over previous electronic synthesizer because of its use of new semiconductor technology, which made it smaller and considerably cheaper than earlier machines.

The Moog, as it was known, was soon in demand by musician all over the world. In , Moog began a collaboration with American composer and organist Walter Carlos now Wendy Carlos , who released the bestselling electronic music album Switched-On Bach in Rock groups such as the Beatles and Yes and jazz musicians such as Herbie Hancock and Chick Corea began incorporating Moog Synthesizer into their recordings, a trend that increased when the company introduced the compact and portable Minimoog in A Moog Synthesizer was also prominently featured on the soundtrack to the movie A Clockwork Orange in Encyclopedia of World Biography, 1.

The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses A. The main idea of paragraph three is A. A Moog Synthesizer was also prominently featured Pembahasan: Jadi jawaban yang tepat adalah significantly.

Pada paragraf pertama bacaan disebutkan an early electronic music instrument called the theremin alat musik elektronik pertama yang disebut theremin. Jadi jawaban yang tepat adalah initial electronic music instrument.

The Moog, as it was known, was soon in demand Pembahasan: Lihat kalimat terakhir pada paragraf kedua: Kata it pada kalimat ini merujuk pada subjek The Moog. Jadi jawaban yang tepat adalah prototype of Moog Synthesizer.

Pilihan A, B, dan C dapat ditemukan pada teks. Jadi The Moog bukan synthesizer pertama di dunia. In , Moog began a collaboration with American composer Pembahasan: Paragraf terakhir bacaan membahas kerja sama Moog dengan banyak musisi terkenal dan berbagai film. Jadi jika bacaan ini akan diteruskan dengan paragraf baru, kemungkinan besar paragraf baru itu akan membahas perkembangan Moog selanjutnya the improvement of Moog Synthesizer.

Kalimat pertama paragraf ketiga diawali dengan In , Moog began a collaboration with American composer Di tahun , Moog memulai kolaborasi dengan komposer Amerika. Kelanjutan paragraf ini juga membahas kolaborasi-kolaborasi lain yang dilakukan The Moog. Approximately 40 Minutes 50 Questions Now set your clock for 40 minutes In this section of the test, you will have an opportunity to demonstrate your ability to understand conversations and talks in English.

There are three parts to this section with special directions for each part. Answer all the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied by the speakers in this test.

When you take the actual TOEFL test, you will not be allowed to take notes or write in your test book. After each conversation, you will hear a question about the conversation. The conversations and questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Now begin work on the questions. A She hopes to go. B She still may be able to go. C She is planning to go.

D She is unable to go. A Dropped out of school. B Quit one class for another. C Decided to take a more advanced math class. D Decided to take the honors level of geometry.

The Purpose-Driven Life: What on Earth Am I Here For?

A He is asking whether Jim submitted his application on time. B He means that Jim submitted his application late. C He means that Jim was awarded financial aid. D He means that he submitted his application too early. A She formerly lived on 34th Street. B She lives on 34th Street.

C She is very accustomed to her apartment. D She is temporarily living on 34th Street. A She had to work so she did not go to Seattle. B She has a new job in Seattle. C She does not like to fly. D She plans to go to Seattle after work. A She eats too much at her desk. B She writes messages that contain incorrect information. C She refuses to write down phone numbers.

D She is rude to callers. A That he wants to leave his house before he sells it. C That he cannot stay in his house for a while after he sells it. D That he already closed on his house. A They must cancel it. B An error was probably made in figuring the employee cost. C A complete report must be provided of the estimated cost. D They have to determine the cost. A She has no time to relax.

B She is disappointed that the man never helps. C She arrived too soon. A He was not afraid. B Nothing really happened. The accident was just a rumor. C He was not driving the car at the time of the accident. D He was extremely frightened. A The new employee is lazy. B The new employee is on a lunch break.

C The new employee is extremely helpful. D The new employee is able to do her work efficiently while reading. A She left to make a call. B She had to leave.

C She is having a baby. D She will be back quite soon. A Signify where in the manual she can find the procedure. B Advise her if she makes an error. C Leave her alone. D Point to the correct answer. A He studied too much. B He lost his book. C He did not prepare adequately for the test. D He is tired because he spent too much time studying.

A He is sick. B He did not wish to attend the function. C He came to the party, but the man did not see him. D He is in jail in another city. A Christopher was late because he stopped somewhere on the way. B Christopher has been attending, but the man has missed him. C Christopher has quit attending. D Christopher did not attend because of the rain.

A Take a cruise with his friends. B Forget about the cruise. C Go with other friends on the cruise. D Take a flight instead. A She is tired of trying to get into the university. B She has already entered a university.

C She took a job instead of going to college. D She has continued to try to find a university that will accept her. A He thinks somebody broke the machine and kept quiet about it. B He thinks the machine has been repaired. C There are insects in the machine. D He damaged the machine. A He bought the house. B He is still trying to download the house.

C He chose not to download the house. D He was unable to download the house. A The jury probably will not make a decision today.

B The jury has already made a decision. C The jury is voting right now. D The jury will likely make a decision tonight. A Ellen is likely to seek a degree in English. B Ellen has already been accepted into the linguistics program. C Ellen has already received her doctorate. D Ellen does not intend to go to graduate school of any sort. A He definitely will go. B He will go in May. C He may go. D He definitely will not go.

A The computer is used by many people. B The computer she is considering has fallen out of favor. C The price of the computer has been reduced. D The computer is out of service. A He has not exercised and his body shows it. B He has been exercising while traveling. C He does not want to exercise anymore. D He is not able to exercise because he does not feel well. A He was totally satisfied with his experience at the exhibit. B He did not like the exhibit. C He felt it took too long. D He wanted to see more than he was able to see.

B His sister says that he uses the beach house too much. C His sister says that he does not use the beach house enough. D He is angry at his sister, so he does not want to see her at the beach house.

A His father believes a well-known school is better. B Rob wants a school farther away from home. C Rob would prefer a smaller school.

D His father wants him to make better grades. A Give up. B Keep trying. C Look at the book. D Call the help desk. A She is ill. B She will work tomorrow. C She has quit her job. The conversations and the questions will be spoken just one time. A That she would be in a new building. B That her deposit would be returned.

C That the unit air conditioner would cool well. D That she would be in one of the original buildings. A It costs too much. B The utilities are charged separately. C The air conditioning is insufficient.

A Bananas ripen too quickly. B Her plants are wilting. D Her food spoils. A A difficult book. B A computer program. C A mathematics problem. D A composition. A Read the book. B Write the procedure. C Try harder. D Give up. A Take notes. B Ask the woman again. C Get the manual. D Experiment. B Yes, because he wrote down the procedure. C Yes, because the woman will remember. A An ancient tool. B An old book. C Ancient artwork. D Fossilized bones. A That Africans were more advanced than Middle Easterners.

B That Middle Easterners were more advanced than Africans. D That Africans and Middle Easterners were more advanced than anybody else. A They are quite similar. B They are quite different. C The tools were used for different purposes. D The designs are similar, but the materials are different. A Because using the endoscope in that system is more painful than in other systems. B Because there is a natural flow, facilitated by the body itself.

C Because the digestive juices will not dissolve the capsule. D Because there is more incidence of illness in the digestive system than in other areas. A Locating a tumor in the bowel. B Locating pre-cancer cells in the esophagus. C Obtaining tissue for a biopsy. D Viewing abnormalities in the stomach lining. A The endoscope is uncomfortable. B The endoscope does not have as many unique benefits as the capsule will. C The endoscope is more expensive to operate. D The endoscope is outdated.

A A camera. B Lights. C A transmitter. D A scalpel. A The capsule is an advance in science along the same lines as digital and wireless technology.

B The capsule will be easy to control as it moves through the body. C Scientists generally believe that this technology will replace endoscopes in a few years.

D The capsule will dissolve before it reaches the end. A Alcoholism is not a disease. B Alcoholism seems to run in families. C Alcoholism is believed to have no chemical basis. D Alcoholism results merely from a lack of willpower. A An enzyme. B A hormone. C Morphine. D A reaction. A The alcoholic responds more strongly to beta-endorphin release. B An alcoholic can will beta-endorphin to be released without needing to drink.

C An alcoholic has no beta-endorphin and must replace it with alcohol. D An alcoholic does not have a reaction to beta-endorphin when drinking. A Both parents must carry the train for it to be inherited.

B There is a specific mathematical calculation to determine who will inherit the disease. C Even though it can be inherited, it is not expected to be subject to testing. D It can be inherited but is not inherited by all family members. A Yes, it is inevitable if one has the trait. B No, only some people with the trait react strongly to alcohol. C No, because they may choose not to drink to excess. D No, if they take the proper medicine. Approximately 25 Minutes 40 Questions Now set your clock for 25 minutes This section is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English.

There are two types of questions in this section, with special directions for each type. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked A , B , C and D. A ninety-story-tall B ninety-tall-story C ninety-stories-tall D ninety stories 2. A have been B of being C being D having been 6. A most famous B the most famous C are most famous D and most famous 7.

A the meeting B was the meeting C did the meeting D the meeting was 8. A had not been B not C no had been D has no be 9. A are hesitant B hesitating C hesitation D being hesitant A native to B native from C how native to D is native to A intend B intends C are intending D has intend A dinosaurs becoming extinct B dinosaurs extinction C dinosaurs became extinct D did dinosaurs become extinct The four underlined parts of the sentence are marked A , B , C and D.

The workers attempted to free the cat from the trap, but several obstacles were A B C in way. Attorneys who practice in the area of personal injury generally spending A considerably more money on advertising in telephone books and on television B than other types of attorneys.

Effective speaking and proficient writing is generally seen as requirements for A B C D a professor to achieve tenure. Some people enjoy preparing their own meals while another would rather eat A B C D out regularly. The professor decided to allow the students to take the examination a second A B C time because the low scores. Overeating, in addition to lack of attention to nutrition, are said to be the ma A B C jor cause of obesity in the United States.

Spanish is the only course that it is not offered in the summer term, but there A B are several classes offered in the fall. Students may download used books if they had been readily available and correctly A B C priced. The knee is the recipient of constant pressure, which causes them to fail often A B C D and requires replacement with artificial parts. For years, this varsity athletes have been known throughout the country for A B C their tremendous abilities.

Some professors enjoy writing articles and performing research, while anoth A B C ers would be more content to devote all their time to teaching. Only when black bear has been spotted by the forest rangers will this portion A B C of the park be closed down.

After the data has received and reviewed, the finance department employees A B should be able to determine the best course of action. Listening to recorded books while driving is a means of utilize time wisely.

The company had been operate in an old warehouse since its inception, when A B it built a huge, efficient and modern office building. The meeting is being held in the fifth floor of the convention center, but there A B C are functions on every floor. Not only could the younger people completed all the work quickly and accu- A B rately, but the retired workers could also. If the Board had not reserved its position on the petition to approve the fence, A B the owner would had to remove it.

With so many choices of wireless technology available, it is often difficulty to A B C determine which offers the best value and quality. The congressman, accompanied by secret service agents and aides, are pre A B paring to enter the convention hall within the next few minutes. The professor had already completed calculation of the final grades and had A B C submit them to the office when Elizabeth delivered her paper.

Had Jim be able to complete his thesis instead of returning to work, he would A B C have graduated a year ago. Each one is followed by several questions about it, For this section, you are to choose the one best answer, A , B , C , or 0 , to each question.

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Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the Letter of the answer you have chosen. Questions Line Bees, classified into over 10, species, are insects found in almost ev- ery part of the world except the northernmost and southernmost regions. One commonly known species is the honeybee, the only bee that produces honey and wax. Humans use the wax in making candles, lipsticks and other products, 5 and they use the honey as a food.

While gathering the nectar and pollen with which they make honey, bees are simultaneously helping to fertilize the flowers on which they land. Many fruits and vegetables would not survive if bees did not carry the pollen from blossom to blossom.

Bees live in a structured environment and social structure within a hive, 10 which is a nest with storage space for the honey. The different types of bees each perform a unique function. The worker bee carries nectar to the hive in a special stomach called the honey stomach.

Other workers make beeswax and shape it into a honeycomb, which is a waterproof mass of six-sided compartments, or cells. The queen lays eggs in completed cells. As the workers build more cells, the 15 queen lays more eggs. All workers, like the queen, are female, but the workers are smaller than the queen. The male honeybees are called drones; they do not work and cannot sting. They are developed from unfertilized eggs, and their only job is to impregnate a queen. The queen must be fertilized in order to lay worker eggs.

During the sea- 20 son where less honey is available and the drone is of no further use, the workers block the drones from eating the honey so that they will starve to death. Which of the following is the best title for this reading? The word which in line 6 refers to A fertilizer B flowers C honey D bees 4. The word simultaneously in line 6 is closest in meaning to A stubbornly B concurrently C skillfully D diligently 5. According to the passage, a hive is A a type of honey B a nest C a type of bee D a storage space 6.

According to the passage, the drone A collects less honey than workers B mates with the queen and has no other purpose C comes from eggs fertilized by other drones D can be male or female 7. The author implies that A bees are unnecessary in the food chain B drones are completely dispensable C the queen can be a worker D drones are never females 8.

In what way does the reading imply that bees are useful in nature? A They pollinate fruit and vegetable plants B They make marvelous creations from wax C They kill the dangerous drones D They create storage spaces All of the following are characteristics of a honeycomb except A it contains hexagonal sections B it is made of honey C it is made of wax D it is impermeable Previously, lichens were classified as single organisms until scientists had the benefit of microscopes, at which time they discovered the association between 5 algae and fungi.

Thus, the lichen itself is not an organism, but the morphological and biochemical product of the association. Neither a fungus nor an alga alone can produce a lichen. The intimate symbiotic relationship between these two living components of a lichen is said to be mutualistic, meaning that both organisms benefit from a 10 relationship.

It is not certain when fungi and algae came together to form lichens for the first time, but it certainly occurred after the mature development of the separate components. It appears that the fungus actually gains more benefit from the relation- ship than does the alga. Algae form simple carbohydrates that, when excreted, are 15 absorbed by fungi cells and transformed into a different carbohydrate. Algae also produce vitamins that the fungi need.

Yet, fungi also contribute to the symbiosis by absorbing water vapor from the air and providing shade for the algae, which are more sensitive to light. Lichens grow relatively slowly, and it is uncertain how they propagate.

Most 20 botanists agree that reproduction is vegetative because portions of an existing li- chen break off and fall away to begin a new organism nearby. Lichens are hardy organisms, being found in hostile environments where few other organisms can survive. Humans have used lichens as food and as sources of medicine and dye. The presence of lichens is a sign that the atmosphere is pure.

They also are a major source of food for the caribou and reindeer that live in the extreme north. Which of the following is true about the association of the lichen? The word previously in line 3 is closest in meaning to A currently B formerly C believed D no longer Prior to the invention of microscopes, what did scientists believe about lichens? A The entire plant was an alga B The entire plant was a fungus C A lichen constituted a single plant D The fungus was the catalyst of the association The word intimate in line 8 is closest in meaning to A distant B parasitic C close D unusual The author implies that A neither plant requires carbohydrates to survive B the fungus manufacturers carbohydrates on its own C the alga receives carbohydrates from the fungus D the fungus uses the carbohydrates manufactured by the alga The author implies that vegetative reproduction means A vegetables combine with other vegetables B reproduction occurs using vegetable plant growth C new organisms are grown from pieces of existing organisms D propagation occurs slowly The author states that A fungi are more sensitive to light than algae B neither plant is sensitive to light C neither plant individually can thrive in sunlight D algae are more sensitive to light than fungi The word nearby in line 21 is closest in meaning to A almost B completely C connected D close The word hardy in line 22 is closest in meaning to A tender B ubiquitous C scarce D strong The word hostile in line 22 is closest in meaning to A unusual B dry C harsh D complex However, a recent discovery has led researchers to believe they may have been warm-blooded.

The basis for the analysis that they 5 were warm-blooded is the number of chambers in the heart as well as the exis- tence of a single aorta.

Most reptiles have three chambers in their hearts, although some do have four. But those that have four chambers, such as the crocodile, have two arteries to mix the oxygen-heavy blood with oxygen-lean blood. Reptiles are cold-blooded, 10 meaning that they are dependent on the environment for body heat.

Yet the fossil- ized heart had four chambers in the heart as well as a single aorta. The single aorta means that the oxygen-rich blood was completely separated from the oxygen- poor blood and sent through the aorta to all parts of the body. Mammals, on the other hand, are warm-blooded, meaning that they gen- 15 erate their own body heat and are thus more tolerant of temperature extremes.

Birds and mammals, because they are warm blooded, move more swiftly and have greater physical endurance than reptiles. Scientists believe that the evidence now points to the idea that all dinosaurs were actually warm-blooded. A lizard, of course, is a reptile. The word they in line 2 refers to A researchers B discoveries C reptiles D dinosaurs According to the author, what theory was previously held and now is being ques- tioned?But contemporary thrillers seem more often to make the opposite mistake: assuming that the audience is astonishingly sophisticated, able to see into a plot in seconds.

Ben Franklin Pembahasan: Di sini, Anda memiliki waktu kira-kira 12 detik untuk menjawab beberapa pertanyaan dalam satu percakapan panjang. C He may go. About 20, years ago the Cordilleran Ice Sheet covered nearly all the mountains in southern Alaska, western Canada, and the western United States.

B There was a change in the content of the exam. Andromeda Fye Kaminari. Hens Kemel.

SHIRA from Cary
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