CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. Table of Contents. PROLOGUE. I. The life of man - to know and love God nn. II. Handing on the Faith. Necessary Adaptations. PART ONE: THE PROFESSION OF FAITH. SECTION ONE "I BELIEVE" - "WE BELIEVE". CHAPTER ONE MAN'S CAPACITY FOR GOD. CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. TABLE OF CONTENTS. PROLOGUEI. The life of man - to know and love GodII. Handing on the Faith: CatechesisIII.
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For this, from all eternity God chose for the mother of his Son a daughter of Israel, a young Jewish woman of Nazareth in Galilee, "a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary":  The Father of mercies willed that the Incarnation should be preceded by assent on the part of the predestined mother, so that just as a woman had a share in the coming of death, so also should a woman contribute to the coming of life.
At the very beginning there was Eve; despite her disobedience, she receives the promise of a posterity that will be victorious over the evil one, as well as the promise that she will be the mother of all the living. After a long period of waiting the times are fulfilled in her, the exalted Daughter of Sion, and the new plan of salvation is established. That is what the dogma of the Immaculate Conception confesses, as Pope Pius IX proclaimed in The most Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege of almighty God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ, Savior of the human race, preserved immune from all stain of original sin.
Espousing the divine will for salvation wholeheartedly, without a single sin to restrain her, she gave herself entirely to the person and to the work of her Son; she did so in order to serve the mystery of redemption with him and dependent on him, by God's grace:  As St. Irenaeus says, "Being obedient she became the cause of salvation for herself and for the whole human race.
Thus St. Ignatius of Antioch at the beginning of the second century says: You are firmly convinced about our Lord, who is truly of the race of David according to the flesh, Son of God according to the will and power of God, truly born of a virgin, … he was truly nailed to a tree for us in his flesh under Pontius Pilate … he truly suffered, as he is also truly risen.
Some might wonder if we were merely dealing with legends or theological constructs not claiming to be history.
Catechism of the Catholic Church Collection (9 vols.)
To this we must respond: Faith in the virginal conception of Jesus met with the lively opposition, mockery or incomprehension of non-believers, Jews and pagans alike;  so it could hardly have been motivated by pagan mythology or by some adaptation to the ideas of the age. The meaning of this event is accessible only to faith, which understands in it the "connection of these mysteries with one another"  in the totality of Christ's mysteries, from his Incarnation to his Passover.
Ignatius of Antioch already bears witness to this connection: "Mary's virginity and giving birth, and even the Lord's death escaped the notice of the prince of this world: these three mysteries worthy of proclamation were accomplished in God's silence. It has been defined as "an utterance, a deed, or a desire contrary to the eternal law.
Like the first sin, it is disobedience, a revolt against God through the will to become "like gods," knowing and determining good and evil.
Sin is thus "love of oneself even to contempt of God.
Catechism of the Catholic Church
However, at the very hour of darkness, the hour of the prince of this world, the sacrifice of Christ secretly becomes the source from which the forgiveness of our sins will pour forth inexhaustibly.
Scripture provides several lists of them. The Letter to the Galatians contrasts the works of the flesh with the fruit of the Spirit: "Now the works of the flesh are plain: fornication, impurity, licentiousness, idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, anger, selfishness, dissension, factions, envy, drunkenness, carousing, and the like. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things shall not inherit the Kingdom of God.
They can also be classed according to whether they concern God, neighbor, or oneself; they can be divided into spiritual and carnal sins, or again as sins in thought, word, deed, or omission.
The root of sin is in the heart of man, in his free will, according to the teaching of the Lord: "For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, false witness, slander.
These are what defile a man.
The distinction between mortal and venial sin, already evident in Scripture, became part of the tradition of the Church.
It is corroborated by human experience.
Venial sin allows charity to subsist, even though it offends and wounds it. But when the sinner's will is set upon something that of its nature involves a disorder, but is not opposed to the love of God and neighbor, such as thoughtless chatter or immoderate laughter and the like, such sins are venial.
One must also take into account who is wronged: violence against parents is in itself graver than violence against a stranger. It presupposes knowledge of the sinful character of the act, of its opposition to God's law.
It also implies a consent sufficiently deliberate to be a personal choice. Christians are called to be the light of the world. Thus, the Church shows forth the kingship of Christ over all creation and in particular over human societies.
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This infallibility extends as far as does the deposit of divine Revelation; it also extends to all those elements of doctrine, including morals, without which the saving truths of the faith cannot be preserved, explained, or observed. Re-formulated positively, it means that all salvation comes from Christ the Head through the Church which is his Body: Basing itself on Scripture and Tradition, the Council teaches that the Church, a pilgrim now on earth, is necessary for salvation: the one Christ is the mediator and the way of salvation; he is present to us in his body which is the Church.
He himself explicitly asserted the necessity of faith and Baptism, and thereby affirmed at the same time the necessity of the Church which men enter through Baptism as through a door. Hence they could not be saved who, knowing that the Catholic Church was founded as necessary by God through Christ, would refuse either to enter it or to remain in it.
Both Scripture and Tradition must be accepted and honored with equal sentiments of devotion and reverence'. It is made known to us by divine revelation and by human reason. Grace can be merited CCC , "Moved by the Holy Spirit and by charity, we can then merit for ourselves and for others the graces needed for our sanctification.
They are truly immense, unfathomable, and even pristine in their value before God. In the treasury, too, are the prayers and good works of all the saints, all those who have followed in the footsteps of Christ the Lord and by his grace have made their lives holy and carried out the mission in the unity of the Mystical Body.Jn In their 'being man' and 'being woman' they reflect the wisdom and the goodness of the Creator.
Catechism of the Catholic Church
In Other Religions Each human person, created in the image of God has the natural right to be recognized as a free and responsible person.
This is 'the traditional Catholic teaching on the moral duty of individuals and societies toward the true religion and the one Church of Christ. We have already explained the error of this new theory.
The Catechism can not possibly offer a complete, comprehensive account of all aspects and elements of the Faith. We remark in passing that the citation from St.
January 27th, at 5: Self-identity
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