Robert Ludlum ✵ THE BOURNE IDENTITY. This edition contains the complete text of the original hardcover edition. NOT ONE WORD HAS BEEN OMITTED. The Bourne Trilogy: The Bourne Identity, The Bourne Supremacy, The Bourne Ultimatum. Read more · The Bourne Supremacy (Bourne Trilogy, Book 2). "THE BOURNE IDENTITY" by. Tony Gilroy. Based on the novel by. Robert Ludlum. PARIS DRAFT 9/20/ DARKNESS. THE SOUND OF WIND AND SPRAY.
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Likewise, most directors fill their scenes with close-ups, and so does Greengrass, but he lets the main figure bounce around the frame or go blurry or slip briefly out of view.
Got it? On to the next shot. Instead of a glance, he gives us a glimpse. Although this strategy is more aggressive in this third Bourne installment, we can find it as well in Supremacy. An agent pulls a document out of a carryon bag, and for an instant we can see the government seal. Later in Supremacy, the camera jerks across a computer display and suddenly focuses itself, evoking the jumpy saccadic flicks with which we scan our world. The whole movie relies on crosscutting to create an omniscient awareness of various CIA maneuvers to trap him.
The Bourne Ultimatum belongs to a trend of rough-edged stylization sometimes called run-and-gun.
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All the crashing zooms accompanied by whams on the soundtrack , jittery shots, drifting framings, uncompleted pans, freeze-frame flashbacks, and other extroverted devices call attention to themselves. The most extreme practitioner of this style is probably Tony Scott.
His framing is often restless, as if groping for the right composition. In this shot from Domino, the camera starts a bit too far to the right, shifts left to frame Frances a little better, zooms back hesitantly, then finally stabilizes itself as he grins at the Motor Vehicles worker. The result is a series of visual jolts, as in Man on Fire.
Scott, trained as a painter, pushes toward a mannered, decorative abstraction, aided by long-lens compositions and a burning, high-contrast palette. The handheld camera covers three mistakes: Bad acting, bad set design, and bad directing. The villain in the average Charlie Chan movie displays more psychological continuity than the nasty agents in Bourne Ultimatum.
They exist in an architectural vacuum. But in The Bourne Ultimatum, could anybody reconstruct any of these stations, streets, or apartment blocks on the strength of what we see? Jason himself is dizzyingly preoccupied by the immediacy of the action, and so are we. Moreover, we can justify any fuzziness in any piece of storytelling as reflecting a confused protagonist. But in the fancy run-and-gun style, cinematography and sound do most of the work. Instead of arousing us through kinetic figures, the film makes bouncy and blurry movement do the job.
Rather than exciting us by what we see, Greengrass tries to arouse us by how he shows it. The resulting visual texture is so of a piece, so persistently hammering, that to give it flow and high points, Greengrass must rely on sound effects and music.
As a friend points out, we understand that Bourne is wielding a razor at one point chiefly because we hear its whoosh.
What else does the handheld style conceal? That complaint is justified in Bourne Ultimatum, certainly, but here the style also seeks to make the stunts seem less preposterous. Instead of showing cars crashing and flipping balletically, Greengrass barely lets us see the crash.
All the conventions of the action film are smudged in Bourne Identity, as if a sketchy rendering made them seem less outlandish. In a Hong Kong film, Bourne in striding flight, grabbing objects to use as weapons without missing a beat, would be presented crisply, showing him executing feats of resourceful grace. But many viewers seem to find this sort of choreography outlandish or cartoony.
John McClane in Die Hard 4. But there are some howlers here that, because of the rapid pace and the just-barely-visible action, are somewhat muffled. The mechanics of how the clues are pursued remain obscure. Why would an all-powerful CIA operation house its key players in offices that can easily be watched from a neighboring building?
The Bourne Identity
The wrapup, showing the bad guys exposed by the press and punished by government investigation, seemed risible, not only because of the current inability of either press or congress to right any wrongs, but because I had no idea to whom Pamela Landy has faxed the incriminating documents.
When Bourne regains consciousness, he cannot recall his name, his home, his profession, or any other biographical facts. The trauma he has suffered from several gunshot wounds and floating in the ocean for many hours has caused amnesia.
He is first led to this knowledge by discovering that he possesses the skills of such a profession. Bourne quickly discovers that he can speak several languages, easily breakdown a firearm Identity 22 , bare-handedly disarm and incapacitate two gun-wielding gendarmes, elude pursuers by foot or in a car, as well as dissimulate, charm, persuade, and manipulate very effectively. While Bourne does not know how he acquired these skills, and he initially performs them to his own surprise, they are apparently performed with the same deft and facility as before his amnesia.
They are examples of what Gilbert Ryle calls knowledge-how, also known as practical knowledge. The other sort of knowledge is knowledge-that or factual knowledge. Knowledge-that consists of knowing the truth of some proposition. It is the sort of knowledge to which the traditional definition of knowledge applies, that is, true justified belief.
The Jason Bourne that regains consciousness after his accident lacks most if not all of his previous knowledge-that.
Some have suggested that there are types of knowledge that do not fit within either of the categories examined by Ryle. Yet, Ryle did not invent or discover this distinction, although he is often spoken of as if he had.
In his two writings on this topic, his purpose is not to categorize types of knowledge. He wants to disabuse us of the assumption that knowing-how is always preceded by knowing-that. My reason for this is that my subject is the character of Jason Bourne, which is shared between both the novels and their screen adaptations. Typical examples of knowledge-how are physical actions, such as riding a bicycle or disarming an antagonist.
While some of these actions are verbal, none of them involve exclusively the propounding of propositions. That seems to belong solely to exhibitions of knowledge-that. However, there are examples of knowledge-how that are, in a way, propositional, and the Jason Bourne character exhibits such knowledge.
He is early in the process of figuring out who he is and he tries to convince Marie that he is not someone with an ordinary past or profession.
Similar abilities are revealed in the novels. In the Bourne Identity novel, he recites the names of two Paris hotels when instructing Marie to leave their suitcase filled with bonds at a hotel with a large vault , but he has no memory of living in Paris. Earlier in the novel, Bourne asks Marie to mention prominent names from an article that he asked her to read and that he suspects might throw light on his identity.
The Bourne Identity (Bourne Trilogy No.1)
With each name Bourne is able to recite a series of facts. Gunned down in the street. Two kills and a kidnapping, Baader accreditation. Fees from. They also consist of his ability to supply information or discern facts about his environment that are relevant to the tasks of such a profession. These are examples of knowledge-how. Since they involve the propounding of propositions, I will call them examples of propositional knowledge-how. Even though they consist of propositions, they are not examples of knowledge-that.
First of all, like the other knowledge-how that Bourne exhibits, he utters these propositions automatically, without deliberation, in response to something in his environment. Now, while knowledge-that might be revealed in a similar way, the propositions that Bourne utters can be assessed for their aptness, not only their truth.
His utterance of them, like his display of other skills, help disclose his identity. They are also examples of knowledge-how and not knowledge-that because of an important distinction that Ryle draws in The Concept of Mind, but one to which neither he nor his commentators have given much attention.
In other words, it makes no sense to ask for the justifications for knowledge-how, whereas it not only does for knowledge-that, it is partly definitional of factual knowledge, as it is traditionally conceived, that the knower has grounds for the propositions she asserts.
Bourne does not seem able to provide grounds for what he tells Marie in the dinner. For example, he is not capable of justifying his claim about how far and how fast he can run. The only source for such a justification would be his memory of having done this, but he has none.
They are being uttered spontaneously in response to the names said by Marie. These propositions are not merely the random facts that one acquires through ordinary education and experience Bourne has lost most of his knowledge-that of such facts.
They are uttered while performing the tasks of his profession. They form as much a part of knowing-how to be a spy and assassin as his abilities to wield a gun and escape pursuers. There are a couple of places where Ryle seems to recognize examples of what I am calling propositional knowledge-how. Now, Jason Bourne is a fictional character. He is only useful for our current purposes if he can draw our attention to cases of propositional knowledge-how in the real world.
To take one example, consider our ordinary facility with numbers. It would take some deliberation to recover or discover some justification for this proposition. When I first learned to multiply, I exhibited this knowledge by reciting my multiplication tables in the 3rd grade. When I did this I was exhibiting knowledge-that; I could justify these propositions by the multiplication table that I studied and my memory of it.Now, while knowledge-that might be revealed in a similar way, the propositions that Bourne utters can be assessed for their aptness, not only their truth.
Knowledge-that consists of knowing the truth of some proposition.
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The Spy Story. How to Make a Spy. This visual idea was already on offer in The Bourne Supremacy.