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MODELO DE ADAPTACIÓN- CALLISTA ROY FACULTAD: MEDICIA ESCUELA: ENFERMERÍA Modelos y teorías en enfermería 7°ed. raudone.info (extracción de entrevista) .. Sor Callista Roy desarrollo la teoría de la adaptación tras su. Conclusiones: se concluyó que la aplicación en la práctica clínica de las teorías de Virginia Henderson y Sor Callista Roy orientó los cuidados y sustentaron la.
Evaluation and general management of patients with and at risk for AKI. The lethal potential of inadequate resuscitation was considered to last for only 7 days. The improvement of the understanding of burn pathophysiology has led to the development of various formulae for the initial treatment of hypovolaernia.
Fluid volume and electrolyte changes in the early post-burn period. Duke Criteria for Endocarditis Diagnose endocarditis Lund-Mackay Sinusitis Stage Assess severity of chronic rhinosinusitis and assess response to therapy. The Parkland Formula is a validated and effective approach to initial fluid resuscitation in the acutely burned patient.
Patients with inhalational and electrical burns, as well as children and the elderly, may require more or less fluid resuscitation than is predicted by the formula.
Easy administration — low cost. Parameters evaluating the efficacy offluid administration Fig.
Related Posts Of the 7 studies, 1 combined the standard language with the functional patterns of Marjorie Gordon 20 , and 1 with the 10 processes of Watson's care Identified Categories From the critical and exploratory review carried out to the 34 selected studies, using colorimetric technique, two large categories emerged that allowed to identify and describe the importance of nursing care in patients with breast cancer.
The categories are: a Aspects assessed by nurses, and b Approach to nursing care.
Category 1: Aspects assessed by nurses A total of 7 subcategories were identified as fundamental aspects valued by nurses during the care experience given to patients with breast cancer, these subcategories are listed in Table 1. The studies reviewed highlight the important role of nurses in providing social, psychological, emotional and family support required by patients who have been diagnosed or have breast cancer, whether in the early, middle or late stages of the disease 18 - 20 , 22 , 28 , 29 , 38 , Below are some descriptive fragments for the identification of subcategories: "The role of the nurse is not only related to treatment and cure, but also to establish preventive measures We provide advice and support during rehabilitation and reintegration into their daily lives".
This support can reduce levels of depression, anxiety and symptoms related to the disease and treatment".
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However, it is more effective if it is provided in an integral way at an interdisciplinary, even multidiscipli-nary level 18 - 20 , 22 , 29 , 38 , 44 , Therefore, some of the studies reviewed highlight the work of nursing in the approach to the spiritual dimension of the person. Therefore, integrating spirituality into nursing care allows society to contribute to the preservation or searchfor harmony in women who experience breast cancer".
Achieving quality of life in people with cancer is an unavoidable objective for nursing and the rest of the health team 23 , 44 , Among the clinical manifestations, the most approached are the control and relief of physical signs and symptoms 20 , 21 , 22 , 25 , 28 , 33 , 35 , 46 , 50 , 51 , the psychosocial symptoms 21 , 22 , 24 , 27 , 28 , 30 , 46 , 50 , 51 , and alterations in the skin 25 , 26 , Category 2: Approach to nursing care For the identification of the approach, a classification of the studies according to the nursing approach was made to the sick person of breast cancer and the main family caregiver as the immediate context of the affected person.
In this sense, it was found that of the 34 studies analyzed, 26 are aimed at people with the health problem 18 - 28 , 30 , 31 , 33 , 35 , 37 - 39 , 41 - 42 , 44 , 46 , 48 - 50 , 3 are aimed at family caregivers 32 , 45 , 47 , 4 were directed towards the nursing staff 29 , 36 , 40 , 43 , and only 1 approached patients, primary caregivers and nursing staff concomitantly It is important to highlight that those studies in which the patient was approached, was done from clinical perspectives.
However, it is striking that the approaches of the studies do not include the family. The literature shows that breast cancer is the most common cancer pathology among women worldwide, and is increasing especially in developing countries 23 , 22 , That is why early detection, in order to improve prognosis and survival, continues to be the cornerstone of the fight against this type of cancer 23 , This has turned professional care into an important social requirement, as well as an ethical imperative for health professionals 20 , 31 ; especially, Nursing professionals, who stay longer and establish greater contact with this type of patients 54 - 57 , besides being the most numerous within the health institutions 58 , This situation makes these professionals have the need to look for new and better mechanisms of approach that allow them to achieve their objective: to take care of health and life Olea et al.
This is because the psychological impact that women experience as a result of the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer is not ephemeral According to Almeida et al. This interrelation must be configured in a nursing situation, in which the flow of experiences and shared life allows transforming the meaning of nursing care in the context of the disease.
Some authors affirm that nursing professionals give meaning to their practice in the light of other theoretical contexts and conceptual frameworks that are not nursing However, this review shows that when nursing care is provided under theoretical foundations of reference and systematic methodological frameworks, the results could have a greater impact on the health of patients with breast cancer.
The use of nursing methodology has been a subject on which the effectiveness of care has been demonstrated.
Authors such as Ortega et al. However, these methodologies would have greater impact, if family caregivers and the family in general were included. Ostiguin et al.
In addition to the psychological, emotional and spiritual aspects valued by nurses, this review found a strong tendency towards the care of physical symptoms. Lafaurie et al. In this same sense, Carvalho 41 proposes that the actions necessary to achieve effective palliative care are related to health education, in which the nurse should encourage the participation of the female user of the health service, encouraging self-care in performing the clinical examination of the breasts ; considering that nursing has a preponderant role in the development of actions with the population, since the focus of their work is humanized care, focused on the prevention of grievances and the promotion of health.
Additionally, this approach represents a challenge in the use of disciplinary knowledge to be able to demonstrate the usefulness it has in the improvement of the nursing care process. On the other hand, the literature continues to demonstrate the importance of the human, dignified and palliative nursing care required by breast cancer patients. Therefore, it is necessary that nursing care be more comprehensive and strengthened in the light of interdisciplinarity. However, it is suggested to continue developing the body of scientific knowledge, increasing research in this field, to improve the quality of care offered to patients diagnosed with breast cancer and, therefore, their quality of life, satisfaction and well-being; both individually and familiar.
Condes ; 24 4 : National Cancer Institute.
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International Cancer Research Program [Internet]. Lancet Oncol ; Facts and figures about cancer.
Noncommunicable diseases: country profiles [Internet]. Cabrera A, Ferraz R. Pardo C, Cendales R. American Cancer Society, Inc. All rights reserved. The American Cancer Society is a qualified c 3 tax-exempt organization.
The focus of the discipline revisited. Advances in Nursing Science, ; 31 1 : DOI: Ley de Congreso de Colombia. Diario Oficial No. Synthesising qualitative and quantitative evidence: a review of possible methods. J Health Serv Res Policy. Systematically reviewing qualitative and quantitative evidence to inform management and policy-making in the health field. Balancing the strengths of systematic and narrative reviews. Human Reproduction Update. Condes - ; 17 4 : Enferm Clin.These are Nure Inv.
Objective: to propose a care plan for patients with sex reassignment surgery, integrating the theory of Virginia Henderson's 14 fundamental needs and Callista Roy's Adaptation Model.
Nutritional Nonsense Detection Kit — Dietetically Speaking ; Over the Christmas and the New Year period I was thinking a lot about the abundance of nonsense nutritional information out there. The American Cancer Society considers that breast cancer originates when the cells of the breast begin to grow uncontrollably. The reconstruction after pylorus preserving pancreatoduodenectomy: Search WorldCat Find items in libraries near you.
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