Start by marking “Muhammad bin Qasim / محمد بن قاسم” as Want to Read: See 1 question about Muhammad bin Qasim / محمد بن قاسم. Sharīf Husain (Urdu: شریف حسین), who used the pseudonym Nasīm Hijāzī (Urdu: نسیم حجازی, commonly transliterated as Naseem Hijazi, or. Qaisar o Kisra / قیصر و کسریٰ. Khaak aur Khoon / خاک اور خون. Aur Talwar Toot Gai / اور تلوار ٹوٹ گئی. Muhammad Bin Qasim [Maqsood Sheikh] on raudone.info Story time just got better with Prime Book Box, a subscription that delivers editorially hand-picked.
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Imād ad-Dīn Muḥammad bin Qāsim ath-Thaqafī was an Umayyad general who conquered the .. of Sharia law which regarded polytheists such as Hindus, Buddhists and Jains as "dhimmis" and "People of the Book", allowing them religious. Naseem Hijazi is the author of the book Muhammad Bin Qasim Novel. It is another great history book of Naseem Hijazi. Muhammad Bin Qasim was the military. Muhammad Bin Qasim Novel By Naseem Hijazi Pdf - The Library Pk Muhammad Bin Qasim By Naseem Hijazi Part 2 ~ Latest PDF Books Muhammad Bin.
Among the Muslims, the first to conquer the territories of India were the Arabs.
They, by spreading Islam, attained their political and religious unity in India. The conquest of Sind was successful after a number of attempts. It was under the leadership of Mohammad-bin-Qasim, that Sind, then a part of India along the Indus River now in Pakistan was conquered.
Muhammad bin Qasim
Muhammad-bin-Qasim was an Umayyad general who conquered the Sindh and Punjab regions at a very young age of Even today, Sind invasion is considered as one of the world's historic marvels as it led to the spread of Islam in South Asia and the Muslim communities in India. The reasons that led to the invasion The foundation of Arab domination in Sind in A.
In fact, Muhammad-bin-Qasim's exploration to India was actually the third attempt. After these conquests, their attention was towards India. During that time, there were commercial trade connections between India and Arabia and the merchants of Arabs were familiar with the sea coast to the west of India.
One prime factor that led Arabs to invade Indian territories was the vast wealth of India. Plus, they also wanted to spread Islam in India. Moreover, in order to form an Islamic empire, the Arabs also followed a policy of conquest, that too very systematically. The immediate cause of India's invasion was when some Sindi pirates plundered some Arab ships near the coast of Debal.
Studies show that the king of Ceylone had sent precious gifts to Khalifa of Baghdad and to Hajaj, the Governor of Iraq on these ships. As a result, Hajaj wanted compensation from King Dahir of Sind, which he refused outrightly, as he had no control over the pirates.
Thus, started the first military expedition against king Dahir, under Ubaidullah, which failed. The second invasion also failed and this time it was under Budail.
BA 59 Port Muhammad Bin Qasim & Approaches
In the third attempt, Hajaj entrusted the responsibility to his son-in-law Muhammad-bin-Qasim, with a powerful army to attack Dahir. He arrived at the coast in A. She was also defeated and she performed the rites of Jauhar to save her honour. During these conquests, Qasim was all of a sudden recalled by the Khalifa and by making him a victim of party politics was put to death. It is said that had he been alive, he would have conquered the entire South Asian region.
In A. Both the armies lay opposite to one another and it was a ferocious battle.
Muhammad bin Qasim Muhammad bin Qasim was orphaned. His father, Qasim bin Yusuf died when Muhammad bin Qasim was young.
His mother was his guardian. The responsibilities of his upbringings fell upon his mother. Hajjaj bin Yusuf was his paternal uncle and his teacher of warfare and governing. At age of sixteen he was asked to serve under the great general, Qutayba bin Muslim.
Under his command Muhammad bin Qasim displayed a talent for skilful fighting and military planning.
He was only seventeen years old. Muhammad bin Qasim proved Hajjaj right when he, without many problems, managed to win all his military campaigns.
Arab Invasion of Sind under Mohammed-bin-Qasim
He used both his mind and military skills in capturing places like Daibul, Raor, Uch and Multan. History does not boast of many other commanders who managed such a great victory at such a young age. Hajjaj came to India with horsemen, a camel corps of equal strength and baggage train of camels marched against Debul by way of Shiras and through Makran.
Even though Debul was well protected by strong stone fortifications, but ultimately the fort was captured and the Muslim flag was hoisted for the first time on the soil of the Indian subcontinent. Several months passed without decisive encounter owing to the difficulties confronting the Arabs.
Dahir died in this battle and Muhammad captured Brahmanabad. Arabs built the city Mansura. They occupied Rur and Multan and other important territories. Muhammad became the ruler of Sind.
Causes of success In the history, we can see a lot of reasons of success of Muslim army. This was one of major reasons of victory in Sind. The generalship of Muhammad bin Qasim was agreed by his army and they depended in abilities of Muhammad bin Qasim.
He archived his objectives more by negotiation and the grant of liberal terms than by sanguine warfare. Jihad was main reason of this success.
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Because Muslims always wish victory of Islam over all other ideologies. It is duty of Muslims that to release the humankind from slavery of brutal regiments and propagate Islam. Meantime Dahir who was the ruler of Sind married to his sister and other immoral activities which alienated him from his others. Muhammad bin Qasim offered them full religious freedom and treated the local population generously and even the spiritual leaders of local religions were given salaries from the government fund.
The Buddhists population of Sind decided to extend full cooperation to Mohammad bin Qasim and even acclaimed him as liberator from Brahmin tyranny. The Buddhists ruler of Nerun Hyderabad had secret correspondence with Muhammad bin Qasim, similarly, Bajhra and kaka kolak, Buddhist rajas of Sewstan, allied themselves with Muhammad bin Qasim.
Governance of Muhammad bin Qasim In history, it was a miraculous that almost entire Pakistan was conquered by a younger skilful general. Muhammad bin Qasim aged below 20, ruled these territories his pluralist view point. Because majority of Hindu people would have treated in tolerance and religious freedom. Therefore, Muhammad bin Qasim considered the local religious leaders by giving the salaries and treated affectionately. Apart from the main reason of the hearty relationship between was, Muhammad bin Qasim escaped them from Brahmin tyranny as a liberator.
On the purpose of protection of those regions Muhammad bin Qasim prepared a Muslim officer called an Amil with a troop of cavalry. He permitted all to practice their religion freely. His concept about Hindus was that they were also included in Ahlul kitab. He negotiated with leading scholars in Arabia about Hindu status of sub Indian continent for including in the term of Ahlul kitab.
He allowed local people to hold offices in local administrations. The status of Dhimmis protected people was conferred upon Hindus and Buddhists in return for payment of the poll tax jizya and they were excused from military service or payment of the tax paid by Muslim subjects- Zakat.
Professor Muhammad. Now, I would like to quote few more verses which deal with status of the people of book,i.
This status has always been the starting point of the pluralistic thinking in Islam. Especially the inclusion of the Sabians the possibility of extending the Quranic spirit of pluralism to the adherents of some other religious groups, not mentioned in the book, when Islam grew geographically and culturally.
In this period, a number of mosques and madrasas were constructed in important places. Within a short time, Sind became the epicenter of Islamic knowledge. The well known scholars, writers were emerged and they spent their life to spread the knowledge. Indian science like medicine, astronomy and mathematics were learned in those institutons. The prominent scholars translated the Sanskrit books into Arabic and Persian languages.
Moreover, some Hindu scholars were even invited to Baghdad, during the reign of Haroon Rasheed. Brahmins had also great role in his governance. They used to go from village to village and urge people to support the Arab regime.
It is said when Muhammad bin Qasim was recalled from by the Calipha in very unhappy circumstances, the Hindus and Buddhists of Sind wept over his departure; and when he died they erected a statue in his memory and worshipped it for a long time.
Sind and its relevance. And government prohibited cow slaughter when local population were experiencing shortage of cows and bull which they were needed for agriculture and transport.
The economic and agriculture fields were very famous in this period. Bishari Maqdasi writes that there were innumerable gardens in Sind and the trees were tall and luxuriant.
The whole city of Mansura was covered with almond and nut trees. The cities of Sind also became as great centers of trade. Bishari notes that:Rating details. He ordered for her younger sister to be taken away. Allah bless you Sir. The city of Shiraz is said to have been revived by bin Qasim. Sep 22, Farabi rated it really liked it. This is usually voiced in two antagonistic perspectives viewing Qasim's actions:  His conquest, as described by Stanley Lane-Poole, in Medieval India Published in by Haskell House Publishers Ltd , was "liberal".
Salih, whose brother was executed by Hajjaj, tortured Qasim and his relatives to death. Want To Read. Qasim's conquest of Sindh up to southern-most parts of Multan enabled further Muslim conquests on the Indian subcontinent.
Continuum International Publishing Group.
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