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Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) is a PRC-regulated exam . May idea po kayo kung may free pdf reviewers po bang available dito .. hello po meron po kayo reviewer sa english major please share your blessing. Description. Download English Major LET reviewer Free in pdf format. Sponsored Ads. Shop Now. Ads by site · Girl, Stop Apologizing: A Shame- Free Plan. Areas of Specialization. Special Opportunities. English Minor Requirements. Creative Writing Minor Requirements. English Department Faculty.
Our car, which has been running for three days, should be brought to the machine shop for check-up. Relative pronouns used in noun clauses are that, what, whatever, whoever, whomever, and whichever.
Look at the antecedent of who, that or which when used as subject to decide whether the verb following should be singular or plural.
The paintingwhichis exhibited is the painters masterpiece. Thefarmerswhoown orchards earn much from their harvest. Denotes an action e. The third person singular s has the same allomorphs as the noun plural and the noun possessive. The ed past tense inflection has three allomorphs: Roses are sweet.
Have tense and aspect qualities. Tense and aspect have to do with form. TENSE is the grammatical marking on verbs that usually indicates time reference relative to either the time of speaking or the time at which some other situation was in force Jacobs Time reference has to do with meaning. Events and situations are located in time, perhaps to our speaking about them, perhaps while we are speaking about them, or perhaps at some later time. English has three tenses present, past, and future.
The present and the past tenses have inflectional markings, while the future is marked by the inclusion of the modals will or shall. Simply put, tense is a set of verb forms that indicate a particular point in time or period of time in the past, present, or future.
ASPECT isa general name given to verb forms used to signify certain ways in which an event is viewed or experienced. Aspect can view an event as completed whole simple , or whether or not it has occurred earlier perfect aspect or is still in progress progress. Noel has attended the review classes.
The tenses in combination with aspects make up the following 12 tense-aspect categories. These make up the traditional 12 tenses. He looks excited. To talk about a settled state of affairs which includes the present moment He lives in Sagada now.
Our teacher is very competent and considerate. We like her very much. To say something is always or generally true There are 24 hours in a day. The earth revolves around its axis. To talk about something that a particular person or thing does regularly or habitually. I get up early to take a bath.
Every Sunday, I attend church services. To discuss what happens in a book, play or film In the movie, he plays the character of Juan Tamad. In those early chapters, he keeps himself isolated to other people in the village.
To describe an event such as a sports match or a ceremony at the time it is happening as radio and TV commentators do Doods takes the ball, then passes it quickly to Alfie.
Alfie turns, shoots, and scores two points. Stating a definite time in the past An adjunct of time or other time expression is necessary to specify the particular time in the past we are referring to. To say that an event occurred or that something was the case at a particular time in the past.
The university officials flew into Jakartalast week to sign a memorandum of agreement with a sister school. To say that a situation existed over a period of time in the past. He lived in his ancestral home in the countryside during his last years. To talk about an activity that took place regularly or repeatedly in the past, but which no longer occurs We swam in the river a great deal in my childhood.
An expression of what we think might happen or what we intendto happen To say that something is planned to happen, or that we think it is likely to happen in the future What do you think Ella will do to fix it? He will earn nothing and he have trouble paying his hospital bills. But we can use adjuncts of duration, e. I ate raw vegetables, which I always avoided, and there was no other choice. To mention something that happened in the past but we do not want to state a specific time. I have read the book several times.
Events before a particular time in the past To talk about a past event or situation that occurred before a particular time in the past By noon, students had gathered at the quadrangle with their placards. By the time he graduates, his parents will already have left for New Zealand.
Accent on the present To talk about something that is happening at the moment we are speaking Im already feeling bored and hungry. To emphasize the present moment or to indicate that a situation is temporary Shes spending the summer in her hometown. To indicate changes, trends, developments, and progress Hes performance in class is improving. To talk about a habitual action that takes place regularly, especially one which is new or temporary Shes spending a lot on clothes these days.
To contrast a situation with an event which happened just after that situation existed. We use the past continuous to describe the first event and the simple past to describe the event which occurred after it. We were standing at the main gate waiting to welcome the guest speaker. He arrived 20 minutes later. To emphasize the duration of a recent event Shes been crying bitterly. The economy has been declining in many parts of the world.
The old woman had been living alone in that dilapidated house. To say that something was expected, wished for, or intended before a particular time in the past.
I had been expecting a phenomenal rise in his political career. The underlined word or words are the auxiliary or helping verbs. Havetakes the forms has, have, and had.
True Modals Phrasal Modals 1 Do not inflect, i. We are able to pass the LET. He can pass the LET. He is able to pass the LET. My father will not approve your marriage proposal. My father wont approve your marriage proposal. Will your father approve my marriage proposal? Willyour father not approve my marriage proposal? Wont your father approve my marriage proposal? Your father will approve my marriage proposal, wonthe? When a clause contains no verb eligible to be an operator, do is introduced.
He attends the graduation ball tonight. He doesattend the graduation ball tonight. He doesnot attend the graduation ball tonight. Does he attend the graduation ball tonight? He attends the graduation ball tonight, doesnt he? He has been reading the Obama autobiography. Hehas not been reading the Obama autobiography. Has he been reading the Obama autobiography. He has been reading the Obama autobiography, hasnt he?
Collective nouns may take either a singular or plural verb inflection depending on the meaning. Conceived of as one entity takes a singular verb Our school teamhas won its games. Conceived of as more than one entity or refers to individual membership takes plural verb Our school teamhave won all their games. Some common and proper nouns ending in s, including ics nouns and certain diseases are always conceived as single entity take a plural verb.
The recent newsisexciting. Mathematicsis repelling to many students. Measlesisa contagious disease. The United Statesis still a powerful country.
Titles of works even when plural in form are conceived of as single entitles. The Ten Commandmentsis a beautiful movie. The Syntax Filesis good reading for those in linguistics. The song Greenfieldsbringsnostalgia to people of my generation. Nouns occurring in sets of two take the singular when the noun pair is present but take the plural when pair is absent. That pair of Lee jeans is expensive.
My glassesaremissing. Fractions and percentages takes a singular verb inflection when modifying a noncount noun and a plural verb when they modify a plural noun. Either a singular or plural verb inflection may be used when they modify a collective noun, depending on the speakers meaning.
More than half of the cakeis eaten. Twenty percent of the studentsare not joining the field trip. A number normally takes the plural. The number takes the singular. A number of parents are coming for the meeting. The number of signatories is substantial to merit approval of the motion.
When we use a number and a plural noun to talk about two or more things, we usually use a plural verb. We use a singular verb with one. Seven daysmake up a week. One solid evidence is enough to prove his dishonesty.
When we are talking about an amount of money or time, or a distance, speed, or weight, we usually use a number, a plural noun, and a singular verb.
Five hundred dollarsisa lot of money. Three yearsisa long time to wait for a family member from abroad to come home. Eighty kilometers per hour of travelis quite risky on slippery roads. Seventy-five poundsis all she weighs now. Arithmetic operations take the singular because they are perceived as reflecting a single numerical entity on both sides of the equation or equal sign.
The quantifiers a lot of , lots of, and plenty of take a singular verb if the subject noun is noncount by plural verb if the subject head noun is plural. A lot of sound viewswere advanced during the discussion. A lot of nonsenseis evident from uninterested participants. Traditional grammar states that when used as a subject, none meaning not one is always singular regardless of what follows in a prepositional phrase. None of the boysjoinsthe mountaineering group. None of the riceis eaten at all.
Traditional grammar maintains that the antecedent of the relative pronoun is the noun before. Alice is one of the graduate students who havefinished her masters degree in a short period of time.
For correlatives either.
Either my friend or my classmatesareexpected to help me with my project. Neither my classmates nor my friendvolunteers to lend support. A singular noun or pronoun should take a singular verb inflection regardless of what else occurs between the subject and the verb.
Jimmy, along with his co-teachers, conducts a cleanliness campaign in the barangay. In questions, subjects dont always come before verbs.
Identify accurately the subject before deciding on the proper verb to use. Does your father usually go jogging? What are the pages our teacher wants us to read? VOICE pertains to who or what serves as the subject in a clause. The passive defocuses the agent.
Shibitani in Celce-Murcia and Larsen-Freeman The lifeguard savedthe child. The passive voice is more limited than the active in that it requires only the transitive verbs verbs that take direct objects. The passive morphology is be. An active clause can give more information in fewer words. An active verb makes writing livelier and more vivid. A passive construction emphasizes the result in an impersonal style. This use is sometimes desirable in scientific and technical writing.
A new strain of malaria was discovered. A passive verb emphasizes a victim or the result of a disaster. The child broke the antique vase. The antique vase was broken. Use the passive when the agent or the actor is so unimportant or is obvious that you do not need to mention it. Rica was born in Seychelles. Use a passive verb if you want to hide the name of the person who is responsible for an unpleasant decision or result. An increase in tuition fees was proposed. Paper is produced from trees.
Here are other possible forms: With modals Paper can be produced from trees. With be going to for future Paper is going to be produced from trees. She took off her coat because it was warm. Meaning of Some Phrasal Verbs. A two-word verb often has a one-word synonym, which is generally more formal.
Here are some examples:. Parts of inseparable phrasal verbs cannot be separated. If there is a direct object, it follows the phrasal verb. Look after your baby brother. Look after him. On the other hand, the object of separable phrasal verbs is movable. A pronoun object comes between the first and second part.
A short noun object can come between the two parts or can follow the second part. Donna turned it on. Donna turned the light on. Donna turned on the light. Some phrasal verbs can be either separable or inseparable according to their meanings in a certain context.
She passed out. The car broke down. Has inflectional morphemes for comparative and superlative forms pretty prettier prettiest. Modifies or complements nouns the honest man modifier The man is honest. Has various types in terms of characteristic positions: A concrete house. Positive polarity Negative polarity big small, little old young long short good bad fast slow. They are less frequently used. Adjectives can be placed in continuum of intensity, with the intensity increasing or decreasing depending on the intensifier chosen.
Adjectives that can be compared are also called gradable adjectives. Superlative forms marked by est, most, or least show differences in three or more things or groups. Comparison do nor apply to absolutes such as unique, possible, impossible, horizontal, round, square, and fatal. They can co-occur with words like nearly and almost. The accident was fatal. The accident was nearly fatal. The accident was almost fatal. The as. Ella is as tall as her mother.
When two or more adjectives are used in a structure, they usually occur in a particular order or sequence as follows:. ADVERBS modify or change the meaning of other words such as verbs, adjectives, another adverb, or even a whole sentence.
The athlete can run very fast. Adverbial clause: The child cried because he was hungry. Adverbial phrase: Diane sang very sweetly. Prepositional phrase: She sang during our class reunion. We eagerly look forward to your graduation. Suffix ly hopefully, popularly 2. Prefix a- aloud, adrift, anew 3. Suffix wise lengthwise, clockwise 4. Suffix wards backward s , forward s. Adverbs of frequency: Adverbs of relative time can be used with all tenses as meaning permits just, still, already, lately 3.
Adverbs of manner answer the question how? Adverbs of place answer the question where? Adverbs of time answer the question when? Onlyhe invited Alex to join the team this year. He onlyinvited Alex to join the team this year this year.
He invited only Alex to join the team this year. He invited Alex only to join the team this year. He invited Alex to join the team only this year. While some adverbials are fixed in their positions in the sentence, others are movable. They can occur sentence initially, medially, or finally. Doubtlessly, we must conclude that the findings are correct. We, doubtlessly, must conclude that the findings are correct. We must conclude that the findings are correct, doubtlessly.
When two or more adverbials co-occur in final position in the same sentence, ordering should be observed. Two constituents of the same type can be put together to produce another larger constituent of the same type. Compound sentence: The boys sangandthe girls danced last night. Compound subject: The teacher andher students will join the parade. Compound verb: The children playandeat during recess.
Compound object: We boiled cornandcassava. Here are other ways of coordinating ideas:. Affirmative forms My friends like to read storybooks and I, too. Negative forms Donna cant climb a tree, and his little brother cant, either.
Luis plays the guitar andhe plays the harp, too. My father is both kind andsincere. Forms of Coordinating Conjunctions. Other than and, simple coordinating conjunctions include: Note the following examples: Other forms of correlative conjunctions are either. These pairs are used together Either Tony orNico will top the test. Anna is neither friendly nor generous.
Our teacher is not only competent but also very understanding. Conjunction Meaning Conjunction Meaning for because or one or the other of two alternatives is true and plus yet but at the same time nor conjoins two negative so therefore sentences, both of which are true but shows contrast. A deeper and thorough study of each conjunction, however, reveals certain properties beyond the given straightforward account.
To illustrate, here are the other meaning and uses of and. If one conjunct is false, then the statement is false. Annie is in the kitchen, and she is making doughnuts. Annie fell into a deep sleep, and her facial color returned. The window was open, and there was a draft.
Peter married Annie, and she had a baby. Paul pounded on the stone, and he shattered it. If you give me your picture, Ill give you mine. Give me your picture, andIll give you mine. This particular use of and goes beyond the usual content conjunctive use; rather it places and into the category of discourse markers like oh and well.
Although late by twenty minutes, Melissa topped the test. Although late, Melissa topped the test dependent clause independent clause. Subordinating conjunctions do the job of connecting dependent clauses to independent clauses. Shown below are different types. Type Conjunction Type Conjunction time when, before, after, conditional if, unless since, while, until, as purpose in order to, so that reason because, since, as result so that concessive although, though, while, despite place where, wherever manner as, like.
Time Her father died when she was young. Conditional IfI could afford it, I would download a car. Purpose They had to extend the session in order to discuss all concerns raised. Reason I couldnt ignore him because he was my childhood playmate Result She reviewed very hard so that she would pass the LET.
Concessive While I did well in class, I was a poor performer at club activities. Place Wherever I stayed, I found troublesome neighbors. Manner Is she often rude and cross likeshes been this past week? For example:. The lady came into the room. The lady was small and slender. The lady [the lady came into the room] was small and slender.
The lady who came into the room was small and slender. The most common relative pronouns which mark relative clauses are: Their uses are presented earlier in the section on pronouns. Several English prepositions are realized as a single form in the learners first language. Pumunta kami sapalengke. We went to the market. Lumangoy kami sailog. We swam in the river. The commotion occurred on the street. Meet me at the street corner. The English preposition is not necessarily realized by a single word.
There are complex forms like because of and in spite of or coalesced forms like into and onto. Certain prepositions co-occur with verbs, adjectives, and nouns to form clusters. English prepositions are polysemous. They bear varied meanings. Many prepositions prototypically deal with locating objects in space involving two or more entities. One entity is for foregrounding, while the other serves as background. The former is the figure and the latter is the landmark. At denotes place as a point of reference, on denotes physical contact between the figure and landmark, and in denotes the enclosure of the trajector in the landmark.
They met at the main gate. Put the box on the table. The ball is in the box. From, off, and out of are source prepositions involving the notion of separation from place. From denotes separation from a point of orientation, off denotes separation from contact with line or surface, and out of, separation from inside a landmark.
We walked from the gate to the waiting shed.
The box fell off the table. Take the ball out of the box. By and with are proximity prepositions, which locate the figure in relation to a point of orientation marked by the preposition at. By denotes the idea of connection while with denotes both a point of orientation and the idea of connection. In its spatial sense, with can occur only with animate nouns as landmark.
He stood by me in all throughout the campaign. He rides withme to our place of work. Through and about require the landmark to the seen as a surface or a volume and are positioned in the diagram above next to in. Through structures space as a tunnel or channel. About denotes spatial movement in any direction. Move the other side of the mountain through the tunnel. He walked briskly about the yard for his morning exercise. Under and over are vertical space preposition.
Under denotes a figure at a lower point than the landmark. Over denotes a figure that is at a higher point than the landmark.
Philippine Normal University Professional Education Reviewer
Dont keep your shoes under the table. We watched the game over the fence. Determining which affix to use is not always predictable. The prefix in- is the most common. Other negative items include never negative adverb of frequency , nor negative coordinating conjunction, and neither. The basketball players neveradmitted their mistake. The pre-schoolers can neither read nor write, nor can they comprehend do mathematical computations yet.
This applies to different sentence types. No and not are negative substitutes. No can be a negative substitute for a whole sentence while not for a subordinate clause. Is Pepito interested in the post? Im afraidnot. Hed rather be a plain member. Other thanbe, not follows the auxiliary verb if one is present or the first auxiliary modal, phrasal modal, or have if there are two or more.
I cannot swim well. The principal mustnot have been joking when he said that. We havenotbeenanalyzingthe data since we received them.
The child swims in the pool. The child doesswim in the pool. The child doesnot swim in the pool. They are produced with a rising intonation. Lucy is your cousin. IsLucy your cusin? She can speak fluently. Can she speak flently?
Daguio B. Rita Gaddi Baltazar C. Francisco Icasiano C. What gods the victims di implore? The Food expert who wrote on Filipino Cuisine is A.
Assonance Amador T. Angela Manalang Gloria C. Sojourner Truth C. The view of language on which Audiolingualism is based A. Contentment C. Longing D. Resurrection Hidalgo Jose Rizal C. When teaching the difference between auxiliary verb and linking verb. Tan Which famous painting is described in the poem? He saw the terror and violence. Doreen Gamboa Fernandez D.
Parental sacrifice for children C. Amador Daguio D. What atmosphere do the images create? And the only word there spoken was the whispered word. The Gladiator B. Carmen Guerrero Nakpil Jose Garcia Villa C. Family happiness over job security B. But the silence was unbroken. Hilario Francia Jr. Onomatopoeia C. Suggestopedia D. A learner who cannot read yet.
The innate property of all normal persons that enable them to learn a language naturally and spontaneously is A. Independent reading level B. IRI C. Interpreting the result of the test. What method is used when learning a language is facilitated in a relaxed comfortable environment with dim lights and soft music?
A subpart of an IRI requires student to read aloud the selection. Syllabus design and approach D. Independent reading level D. Methods and techniques C. Capacity reading level C. Low reading level D. An assessment device in which a student reads a series of selections that gradually increase in difficulty is called A. Goals and objectives B. She went to the bookstore. Miscue Analysis D.
Frustration reading level Informal Reading Inventory C. The reading model that refers to a kind of processing in which meaning is derived from the accurate. Capacity reading level Instructional materials are classroom tools which contain instructions to learners or teachers and which specify A. Instructional reading level C. Retelling D. One of the ways to effective oral communication is delivery of the message.
This means that the intelligibility and clarity of a message depends on: A grade 5 student got 25 items in a item cloze test. A strategy that allows students to tell back what they have read is called A. Total physical response When students engage in labelling a picture or a diagram. Cloze test B. Free-Writing This reader can be categorized under A. Bottom-Up D. Instructional reading level B.
Introspection B. Think-aloud C. Cognitivist B. Question-Answer relationship Grammar translation method B. Down B. Interactive Compensatory C. With reference to goals and objectives. Learning text and tasks Rubric A reader got 30 correct answers in a item cloze text. Retelling Silent Way C. To find out what she is looking for. Curriculum planning and evaluation B. Policies issued by Deped C.
Learning competency C. Shannon-Weaver Reinforce D. Psychological aspect B. Syllabus D. Mass Communication materials D. Curriculum planning D.
The type of communication that involves two or three people talk with one another in close physical proximity. Intrapersonal communication B. Reyes made his students listen to an American visitor. Katz-Lazarsfeld D. Persuade C. The activity in the communication process by which physical messages are translated into a form that has eventual meaning for the receiver is referred to as A. A general function of media which strengthen particular responses and reinforce beliefs.
Curriculum B. Delay lead C. Soft lead B. Interpersonal communication C. Curriculum Goals and objectives of the curriculum D. Educate Read the banner headline of the Philippine star AFP: A plan of what to be achieved through the teaching and learning process which contains the course description.
Curriculum planning and implementation C. Jackson B. What kind of lead does the article have? Cultural norms C. In the headline. Visions and mission of the school Group communication What listening skill is he trying to develop?
Audio-visual aids C. Recycled materials Newspaper articles. Hard lead D. Curriculum evaluation Government policies D. A student of English. Authentic materials B. Throwaway lead Historical aspect Textbook board Current issues C. The context of communication process which includes location. Physical setting D. Course outline B. The curriculum goes through the stages of curriculum planning.
Westley-MacLean C. Mass communication D. Provisions in the constitution of the PTA B. Entertain B. Dictocomp D. Highlighted speech D. Establish New Goal s What specific speech routine used in conversation did Ms. Personalization Learner Interest Perception Skills B. Time Order Precis writing C. Process B. This term is used for diary-like reflective notebook that students maintain for regular writing practice.
Prepositional phrases between the subject and verb usually do not affect agreement. The colors of the rainbow are beautiful. Singular subject s joined by or or nor require a singular verb. Neither my niece nor my nephew expects to go to Davao. Either Mary or Jane is behind all this. Plural subjects joined by or or nor require a plural verb. Neither the foreman nor the workers are here. If two subjects connected by either or or neither nor differ in person or number the verb agrees with the nearer subject.
Either the workers or the owner is responsible. Either the owner or the workers are responsible. Neither the midwife nor the twins are ready. There is a problem with the balance sheet. Here are the papers you requested. Make sure you accurately identify the subject before deciding on the proper verb form to use. Does Lefty usually eat grass? Where are the pieces of this puzzle.
His coat and cap are lying on the bed. A horse and a carabao are in the pasture. The cow and the pig are jumping over the moon. The verb is singular if the two subjects separated by and refer to the same person or thing. Bread and butter is my breakfast. Everybody wants to be loved. No smoking or drinking is allowed.
Every man and woman is required to check in. The only time when the object of the preposition factors into the decision of plural or singular verb forms is when noun and pronoun subjects like some, half, none, more, all, etc. In these sentences, theobject of the preposition determines the form of the verb. All of the chicken is gone. All of the chickens are gone. Mary, you were there last night.
Peter, are you going? The singular verb form is usually used for units of measurement. Four quarts of oil was required to get the car running. Nouns plural in form but singular in meaning take singular verbs , for example, politics, economics, physics, mathematics. Ethics deal with problem of moral duty.
Physics is my favorite subject. There is too much noise in this room. There were several good reasons for my decision. When a relative pronoun is used as the subject of clause, the form of the verb is determined by the antecedent of the pronoun, because the pronoun has the same person and number that the antecedent has. I have met the woman who is on the program woman…is b. I have met the women who are on the program women…are c. She is one of those girls who are never on time girls…were.
Few were left alive after the flood. If two infinitives are separated by and they take the plural form of the verb. To walk and to chew gum require great skill. When gerunds are used as the subject of a sentence they take the singular verb form of the verb, but when they are linked by and they take the plural form. Standing in the water was a bad idea.
Swimming in the ocean and playing drums are my hobbies. A collective noun is considered singular when the group is regarded as a unit; it is plural when the emphasis is upon the individuals of the group. A plural noun of amount , distance etc. The class is orderly. The class are divided on their plan to go to Baguio. Twenty pesos is too much to pay for a hand kerchief. The herd is stampeding. Titles of books, movies, novels, etc.
The Burbs is a movie starring Tom Hanks. Your output shall be the basis of your work for the week. Decide and underline which of the verbs within the parentheses is to the parentheses is the correct one. The committee has, have finished their report. Thirty pesos is, are too much to pay for a bag. Not one of my physics problems was, were answered correctly.
Our dog, with her five puppies sleeps, sleep to the terrace. You, who is, are outstanding teachers should represent us. Only one of my nieces was, were late. Your schedule of classes are, is posted on the bulletin board. He says that nobody is, are to be admitted until three. Either of your two suggestions is, are practical.
There is, are several more applicants to be interviewed. Either of these two television sets is, are a good bargain.
The committee has, have finished its project. There seems, seem to be some objections to the class members.
Majorship English - Literature 1 - LET REVIEWER FOR ENGLISH...
Neither my truck nor my tractors is, are running well. A list of candidates for graduation have, has been distributed. Not one of the incidental fees were, was collected during the registration. Behind the kitchen is, are a bicycle and two plows. Be sure there is, are no erasures of the thesis. The marketing manager or his assistant is, are always on duty. Neither my sister nor my brother except, excepts to go Switzerland. The traditional labels of the tenses of the verbs are principally words denoting time such as past, present, future.
Thus, it is assumed that the function of tense is to show time. There are six tenses: The three simple tenses are: In addition to the six tenses, there are progressive forms of the verb. All of these tense forms suggest time constraints or boundaries. In English, most sentences require a verb which necessarily occurs in a tense form to indicate time. This indication of time may also be supplied by an adverb. In addition, an adverb may modify the time suggested by the tense of the verb.
In sentences, it has four functions: My father reads newspapers every morning. To err is human. In this particular example the present tense is used to make a statement that is generally true without reference to time. The sun rises from the east. The Philippines has a lot of foreign debts. The courier delivered the letter yesterday.
The country will recover from the present economic crisis. Usually, in a progressive construction of the actual activity is emphasized by the progressive form of the verb. The members of the committee are studying all the research proposals. It was raining when the games started. At the time we will be there, they will still be preparing the hall for the conference.
When the two words of a compound subject refer to the same person or thing or otherwise form a unit, the verb is usually singular. When the singular subject is joined to a related noun by a preposition or expression such as with, together with, as well as, in addition to, the verb is singular. The Collective nouns are singular in form but refer to a group of objects, persons or acts, such as army, jury, committee, public, team, etc. When the group is meant as a unit, the verb is singular, when the individuals are meant, the verb is plural.
A number of terms of amount and measure have collective agreement, with the singular the more common. In a sentence, a singular subject always requires a singular verb despite long intervening phrases or clauses containing plural nouns. QUIZ The following quiz involves the application of the use of simple tenses and the pointers on agreement. Choose the correct form of the verb in the parentheses in each of the following sentences.
Each one of us need, needs more application and concentration. The Indonesian softball team was, were beaten by the Philippine team by a score of seven to four. One of his tonsils was, were removed. Not one of the party was, were injured in the explosion. The audience is, are leaving one at a time now. The verb is the heart of a sentence — every sentence must have a verb. Recognizing the verb is often the most important step in understanding the meaning of a sentence.
In the sentence The dog bit the man, bit is the verb and the word which shows the action of the sentence. In the sentence She is a smart girl, there is no action but a state of being expressed by the verb is. The word be is different from other verbs in many ways but can still be thought of as a verb. Unlike most of the other parts of speech, verbs change their form.
Sometimes endings are added learn — learned and sometimes the word itself becomes different teach-taught. The different forms of verbs show different meanings related to such things as tense past, present, future , person first person, second person, third person , number singular, plural and voice active, passive. Verbs are also often accompanied by verb-like words called modals may, could, should, etc. One of the most important things about verbs is their relationship to time.
Verbs tell if something has already happened, if it will happen later, or if it is happening now. For things happening now, we use the present tense of a verb; for something that has already happened, we use the past tense; and for something that will happen later, we use the future tense.
Some examples of verbs in each tense are in the chart below:. Verbs like those in the chart above that form the past tense by adding -d or -ed are called regular verbs. Some of the most common verbs are not regular and the different forms of the verb must be learned. Some examples of such irregular verbs are in the chart below:. The charts above show the simple tenses of the verbs. There are also progressive or continuous forms which show that the action takes place over a period of time, and perfect forms which show completion of the action.
These forms will be discussed more in other lessons, but a few examples are given in the chart below:Marxist Literary Theory. Material-based Analysis D. The janitor.
Metathesis is a process that reorders or reverses a sequence of segments; it occurs when two segments in a series switch places, e.
The literary awards started in is the A.
Teachers should not expect learners to learn late structures such as third person singular early. The Interactionists believe that language is a vehicle for establishing interpersonal relations and for performing social transactions between individuals.