History. The game of badminton originated in Siam, China over 2, years ago. Badminton is played as a singles or doubles game with one or two players. Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. Although it History. An depiction of battledore and shuttlecock. An depiction of battledore and ; Kim, Wangdo (), An Analysis of the Biomechanics of Arm Movement During a Badminton Smash (PDF), Nanyang . History. BADMINTON was invented long ago; a form of sport played in ancient Badminton was first contested as an official Olympic sport at the Olympic.
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Badminton pdf. 1. Badminton; 2. Overview and History • Badminton is a racket sport that is played on a court divided by a net five feet high. Badminton – History and Facts. 1. Badminton claims to be the second most- popular participation sport in the world. Only football beats it. 2. It's officially the. Badminton History and Rules. Badminton is a game between two players or a team of doubles hitting a light, feathered shuttlecock with a racquet over a central .
Unit 9 the history and the structure of badminton 36 unit 10 current issues 38 unit 11 award schemes 39 unit 12 code of conduct Ergebnisdienst Kroton Neuigkeiten 1. An depiction of battledore and shuttlecock. History and development Game of battledore and shuttlecock in Battledore and Shuttlecock.
Pptx , PDF File. Ninh explains the Rules of Badminton, a popular racquet sport played worldwide. Home Woodworking Project Plans. It was a demonstration sport at the Munich Olympics.
Free search access too and organized database of free woodworking plans. Shaw, IBF' s executive director, who was brought into the organization with a brief to grow the sport. The origins of the game of badminton date back at least 2, years to the game of battledore and shuttlecock played in ancient Greece, China, and India.
If the shuttlecock is hit onto the lines. Badminton: An Illustrated History. Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. History of Badminton and the Development of the Sport The history of badminton brings us all the way back to the mid- 18th century.
Me ages to make one of these things and. The history of badminton? Olympic Studies Centre. But the real modernized game started in colonial era of British in India. Badminton was mostly played by the higher society of England as a pastime and the game was mostly practiced by hitting the shuttlecock forward and backward. In the duke of Beaufort introduced the. Lesson Summary To play badminton, players use rackets to hit a shuttlecock back and forth over a net.
Would you like to merge this question into it? Related organizations. Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are " singles" with one player per side and " doubles" with two players per side.
Badminton: Badminton, court or lawn game played with lightweight rackets and a shuttlecock. Badminton History, Rules, Techniques, etc. College Prep: Writing a Strong Essay. The name badminton came from the Badminton House in Gloucestershire, where the sport was played for many years.
Badminton is a sport involving racquets and shuttlecocks, that have to be hit over a net, similar to tennis. With very high serves, the shuttlecock may even fall vertically.
When defending against a smash , players have three basic options: In singles, a block to the net is the most common reply. In doubles, a lift is the safest option but it usually allows the opponents to continue smashing; blocks and drives are counter-attacking strokes but may be intercepted by the smasher's partner. Many players use a backhand hitting action for returning smashes on both the forehand and backhand sides because backhands are more effective than forehands at covering smashes directed to the body.
Hard shots directed towards the body are difficult to defend. The service is restricted by the Laws and presents its own array of stroke choices.
Unlike in tennis, the server's racquet must be pointing in a downward direction to deliver the serve so normally the shuttle must be hit upwards to pass over the net.
The server can choose a low serve into the forecourt like a push , or a lift to the back of the service court, or a flat drive serve. Lifted serves may be either high serves , where the shuttlecock is lifted so high that it falls almost vertically at the back of the court, or flick serves , where the shuttlecock is lifted to a lesser height but falls sooner.
Once players have mastered these basic strokes, they can hit the shuttlecock from and to any part of the court, powerfully and softly as required. Beyond the basics, however, badminton offers rich potential for advanced stroke skills that provide a competitive advantage. Because badminton players have to cover a short distance as quickly as possible, the purpose of many advanced strokes is to deceive the opponent, so that either he is tricked into believing that a different stroke is being played, or he is forced to delay his movement until he actually sees the shuttle's direction.
When a player is genuinely deceived, he will often lose the point immediately because he cannot change his direction quickly enough to reach the shuttlecock.
Experienced players will be aware of the trick and cautious not to move too early, but the attempted deception is still useful because it forces the opponent to delay his movement slightly.
Against weaker players whose intended strokes are obvious, an experienced player may move before the shuttlecock has been hit, anticipating the stroke to gain an advantage.
Slicing and using a shortened hitting action are the two main technical devices that facilitate deception. Slicing involves hitting the shuttlecock with an angled racquet face, causing it to travel in a different direction than suggested by the body or arm movement. Slicing also causes the shuttlecock to travel more slowly than the arm movement suggests. For example, a good crosscourt sliced drop shot will use a hitting action that suggests a straight clear or a smash, deceiving the opponent about both the power and direction of the shuttlecock.
A more sophisticated slicing action involves brushing the strings around the shuttlecock during the hit, in order to make the shuttlecock spin. This can be used to improve the shuttle's trajectory, by making it dip more rapidly as it passes the net; for example, a sliced low serve can travel slightly faster than a normal low serve, yet land on the same spot.
Spinning the shuttlecock is also used to create spinning net shots also called tumbling net shots , in which the shuttlecock turns over itself several times tumbles before stabilizing; sometimes the shuttlecock remains inverted instead of tumbling.
The main advantage of a spinning net shot is that the opponent will be unwilling to address the shuttlecock until it has stopped tumbling, since hitting the feathers will result in an unpredictable stroke. Spinning net shots are especially important for high-level singles players. The lightness of modern racquets allows players to use a very short hitting action for many strokes, thereby maintaining the option to hit a powerful or a soft stroke until the last possible moment.
For example, a singles player may hold his racquet ready for a net shot, but then flick the shuttlecock to the back instead with a shallow lift when she or he notices the opponent has moved before the actual shot was played.
Brief History of Badminton
A shallow lift takes less time to reach the ground and as mentioned above a rally is over when the shuttlecock touches the ground. This makes the opponent's task of covering the whole court much more difficult than if the lift was hit higher and with a bigger, obvious swing. A short hitting action is not only useful for deception: A big arm swing is also usually not advised in badminton because bigger swings make it more difficult to recover for the next shot in fast exchanges.
The use of grip tightening is crucial to these techniques, and is often described as finger power. Elite players develop finger power to the extent that they can hit some power strokes, such as net kills, with less than a 10 centimetres 4 inches racquet swing. It is also possible to reverse this style of deception, by suggesting a powerful stroke before slowing down the hitting action to play a soft stroke.
In general, this latter style of deception is more common in the rear court for example, drop shots disguised as smashes , whereas the former style is more common in the forecourt and midcourt for example, lifts disguised as net shots. Deception is not limited to slicing and short hitting actions. Players may also use double motion , where they make an initial racquet movement in one direction before withdrawing the racquet to hit in another direction.
Players will often do this to send opponents in the wrong direction. The racquet movement is typically used to suggest a straight angle but then play the stroke crosscourt, or vice versa. Triple motion is also possible, but this is very rare in actual play. An alternative to double motion is to use a racquet head fake , where the initial motion is continued but the racquet is turned during the hit.
This produces a smaller change in direction but does not require as much time. To win in badminton, players need to employ a wide variety of strokes in the right situations. These range from powerful jumping smashes to delicate tumbling net returns. Often rallies finish with a smash, but setting up the smash requires subtler strokes.
For example, a net shot can force the opponent to lift the shuttlecock, which gives an opportunity to smash. If the net shot is tight and tumbling, then the opponent's lift will not reach the back of the court, which makes the subsequent smash much harder to return.
Deception is also important. Expert players prepare for many different strokes that look identical and use slicing to deceive their opponents about the speed or direction of the stroke. If an opponent tries to anticipate the stroke, he may move in the wrong direction and may be unable to change his body momentum in time to reach the shuttlecock.
Since one person needs to cover the entire court, singles tactics are based on forcing the opponent to move as much as possible; this means that singles strokes are normally directed to the corners of the court.
Players exploit the length of the court by combining lifts and clears with drop shots and net shots. Smashing tends to be less prominent in singles than in doubles because the smasher has no partner to follow up his effort and is thus vulnerable to a skillfully placed return. Moreover, frequent smashing can be exhausting in singles where the conservation of a player's energy is at a premium. However, players with strong smashes will sometimes use the shot to create openings, and players commonly smash weak returns to try to end rallies.
In singles, players will often start the rally with a forehand high serve or with a flick serve. Low serves are also used frequently, either forehand or backhand. Drive serves are rare. At high levels of play, singles demand extraordinary fitness.
Singles is a game of patient positional manoeuvring, unlike the all-out aggression of doubles. Both pairs will try to gain and maintain the attack, smashing downwards when the opportunity arises. Whenever possible, a pair will adopt an ideal attacking formation with one player hitting down from the rear court, and his partner in the midcourt intercepting all smash returns except the lift.
If the rear court attacker plays a drop shot, his partner will move into the forecourt to threaten the net reply. If a pair cannot hit downwards, they will use flat strokes in an attempt to gain the attack. If a pair is forced to lift or clear the shuttlecock, then they must defend: In doubles, players generally smash to the middle ground between two players in order to take advantage of confusion and clashes.
At high levels of play, the backhand serve has become popular to the extent that forehand serves have become fairly rare at a high level of play. The straight low serve is used most frequently, in an attempt to prevent the opponents gaining the attack immediately.
Flick serves are used to prevent the opponent from anticipating the low serve and attacking it decisively. At high levels of play, doubles rallies are extremely fast.
A History of World Badminton.pdf
Men's doubles are the most aggressive form of badminton, with a high proportion of powerful jump smashes and very quick reflex exchanges. Because of this, spectator interest is sometimes greater for men's doubles than for singles. In mixed doubles, both pairs typically try to maintain an attacking formation with the woman at the front and the man at the back.
This is because the male players are usually substantially stronger, and can, therefore, produce smashes that are more powerful. As a result, mixed doubles require greater tactical awareness and subtler positional play.
Clever opponents will try to reverse the ideal position, by forcing the woman towards the back or the man towards the front.
In order to protect against this danger, mixed players must be careful and systematic in their shot selection. At high levels of play, the formations will generally be more flexible: When the opportunity arises, however, the pair will switch back to the standard mixed attacking position, with the woman in front and men in the back. The Badminton World Federation BWF is the internationally recognized governing body of the sport responsible for conduction of tournaments and approaching fair play.
Five regional confederations are associated with the BWF:.
The BWF organizes several international competitions, including the Thomas Cup , the premier men's international team event first held in — , and the Uber Cup , the women's equivalent first held in — The competitions now take place once every two years. More than 50 national teams compete in qualifying tournaments within continental confederations for a place in the finals.
The final tournament involves 12 teams, following an increase from eight teams in It was further increased to 16 teams in The Sudirman Cup , a gender-mixed international team event held once every two years, began in Teams are divided into seven levels based on the performance of each country. To win the tournament, a country must perform well across all five disciplines men's doubles and singles, women's doubles and singles, and mixed doubles. Like association football soccer , it features a promotion and relegation system at every level.
However, the system was last used in and teams competing will now be grouped by world rankings. Badminton was a demonstration event at the and Summer Olympics. It became an official Summer Olympic sport at the Barcelona Olympics in and its gold medals now generally rate as the sport's most coveted prizes for individual players.
In the BWF World Championships , first held in , currently only the highest ranked 64 players in the world, and a maximum of four from each country can participate in any category. In both the Olympic and BWF World competitions restrictions on the number of participants from any one country have caused some controversy because they sometimes result in excluding elite world level players from the strongest badminton nations.
At the start of , the BWF introduced a new tournament structure for the highest level tournaments aside from those in level one: This level two tournament series, a tour for the world's elite players, stage twelve open tournaments around the world with 32 players half the previous limit. The players collect points that determine whether they can play in Super Series Finals held at the year-end.
Among the tournaments in this series is the venerable All-England Championships , first held in , which was once considered the unofficial world championships of the sport. Top players can collect the world ranking points and enable them to play in the BWF Super Series open tournaments. The level four tournaments, known as International Challenge, International Series, and Future Series, encourage participation by junior players.
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An depiction of. Badminton was introduced as a Commonwealth Games program sport in Kingston Jamaica in and has been part of every Commonwealth Games program since then.
In turn, this qualification must be qualified by consideration of the distance over which the shuttlecock travels: The minimum height for the ceiling above the court is not mentioned in the Laws of Badminton. Racquet sport. Pushes may also be hit flatter, placing the shuttlecock into the front midcourt.
If the receiver is not ready when the service is delivered, a let shall be called; yet, if the receiver attempts to return the shuttlecock, the receiver shall be judged to have been ready.
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