ELIZABETH HURLOCK CHILD DEVELOPMENT PDF

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Elizabeth Hurlock Child Development Pdf

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In an extremely permissive environment, the child encounters difficulties that it cannot handle, and the child develops doubt about its abilities. Similarly if the control is severe, the child feels worthless and shameful of being capable of so little.

Middle childhood: This stage extends from years. Once a sense of independence has been established, the child wants to tryout various possibilities.

Otherwise the child develops feelings of guilt. Late childhood: This period ranges from years. During this period the child develops greater attention span, needs less sleep, and gains rapidly in strength; therefore, the child can expend much more effort in acquiring skills, and needs accomplishment, regardless of ability.

The child aims to develop a feeling of competence, rather than inability.

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The success in this endeavour leads to further industrious behaviour, failure results in development of feelings of inferiority.

Hence, the caretakers should guide the child to take up appropriate tasks.

Adolescence: This is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood which extends from years. During this period the individual attains puberty leading to many changes.

The individual craves for encouragement and support of caretakers and peer groups.

Early adulthood: This stage extends from years. As an adult, the individual takes a firmer place in society, usually holding a job, contributing to community and maintaining a family and care of offspring.

These new responsibilities can create tensions and frustrations, and one solution involves is, an intimate relationship with family. If these problems are solved effectively by the love, affection and support of family the individual leads a normal life, otherwise he will develop a feeling of alienation and isolation which in turn affects his personality negatively.

Mature adulthood: This period ranges from years. It is otherwise called middle age.

The child is able to imagine and starts being creative because it is a stage where the growth period is fast and the child should start learning the things and environment that surround him. When a child knows his gender, he acts accordingly masculine for male and feminine for female.

The third fact is on social adjustment. In this new generation children are adjusted to experience on technology where they are exposed to the environment full of media. What do we mean by individual differences?

How can this be observed in the classroom setting? Teachers must be aware of the differences among the students. Some factors influencing differences among learners are: age, sex, family, and community background.

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Children at the age of four to six years of age can manipulate computers, televisions, telephones, and any other media available at home and community. Many children act as if they are adults it is because of this so called way of life that we are living in this world of modern technology.

By second year of life, the muscular and nervous systems have developed markedly, and the child is eager to acquire new skills, is no longer content to sit and watch. The child moves around and examines its environment, but judgement develops more slowly. The child needs guidance.

In an extremely permissive environment, the child encounters difficulties that it cannot handle, and the child develops doubt about its abilities. Similarly if the control is severe, the child feels worthless and shameful of being capable of so little. Middle childhood: This stage extends from years. Once a sense of independence has been established, the child wants to tryout various possibilities.

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Otherwise the child develops feelings of guilt. Late childhood: This period ranges from years. During this period the child develops greater attention span, needs less sleep, and gains rapidly in strength; therefore, the child can expend much more effort in acquiring skills, and needs accomplishment, regardless of ability.

The child aims to develop a feeling of competence, rather than inability.

Child Growth and Development

The success in this endeavour leads to further industrious behaviour, failure results in development of feelings of inferiority. Hence, the caretakers should guide the child to take up appropriate tasks. Adolescence: This is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood which extends from years. During this period the individual attains puberty leading to many changes.

The individual craves for encouragement and support of caretakers and peer groups. Early adulthood: This stage extends from years.

Stages of Development of Psychology of People at Different Ages from Infancy to Old Age

As an adult, the individual takes a firmer place in society, usually holding a job, contributing to community and maintaining a family and care of offspring. These new responsibilities can create tensions and frustrations, and one solution involves is, an intimate relationship with family.These new responsibilities can create tensions and frustrations, and one solution involves is, an intimate relationship with family.

He offered a modified Freudian view of development of personality identity through the life span. The following are the stages of development: 1. Lastly at Old Age is retirement to death. By second year of life, the muscular and nervous systems have developed markedly, and the child is eager to acquire new skills, is no longer content to sit and watch. Similarly if the control is severe, the child feels worthless and shameful of being capable of so little.

Among the different developmental psychologists, the views presented by Erickson and Havighurst appear to give a comprehensive picture of development of human individual from infancy to old age.

Mature adulthood: This period ranges from years. Late Childhood: i Learning physical skills necessary for ordinary games ii Building a wholesome attitude toward oneself as a growing organism iii Learning to get along with age-mates iv Beginning to develop appropriate masculine or feminine social roles.

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