download Parto distócico by Ángeles Yepes Carrillo (eBook) online at Lulu. Visit the eBook (PDF), 21 Pages. This item Available in PDF Format. Parto Distócico - Download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt /.pptx), PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. Artículo original Ginecol Obstet Mex ;75(9) RESUMEN Antecedentes: el parto distócico es una complicación frecuente y sus consecuencias.

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DIAGRAMA DE FLUJO PARTO DISTOCICO. no ad. p. 1 / 9. Embed or link this publication. Description. DIAGRAMA DE FLUJO PARTO DISTOCICO. I'd like to recommend the place where everyone could probably find parto distocico bovinos pdf writer, but probably, you would need to register there. Top. parto normal y distócico. JORGE ANDRÉS RUBIO ROMERO, Médico Cirujano, Especialista en Obstetricia y. Ginecología, Magíster en Epidemiología Clínica.

The highest mortality percentages were reached between April and September. It was concluded that there is a high mortality rate in dairy farms and that the causes of death were different depending on the farm, but in general they were related to calving, undetermined causes, and digestive disorders.

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Key words: mortality rate, death, dairy cattle. Se concluye que existe una alta tasa de mortalidad en los planteles lecheros, siendo las causas de muerte diferentes dependiendo del predio, pero en general se resume que los trastornos derivados del parto, causas no determinadas y los trastornos digestivos son las que prevalecen. Palabras clave: mortalidad, muertes, vacas lecheras.

Esslemont y Kossaibati indican que el hecho que ninguna causa haya sido registrada para casi la mitad de las vacas muertas en su estudio sea probablemente porque la causa nunca fue establecida y porque pocos ganaderos examinan a las vacas post mortem. Causas de mortalidad y aborto en bovinos.

Informe de 1. Rev Med Vet 85, Biology of dairy cows during the transition period: the final frontier? J Dairy Sci 82, The degree and causes of cow loss as related to genotypes, keeping systems and herd size.

Epidemiological information on the lock was provided and analysed, whole blood and serum samples were also collected from all animals in the farm for both virological and serological investigations. All blood samples tested negative for SBV, whereas serological positive results were obtained by virus-neutralization VN. Epidemiological investigations indicated the possible virus circulation in the area. The subsequent surveillance actions were mainly based on the standardization and re- enforcement of passive surveillance protocols, a risk-based serological surveillance programme through VN and an entomological surveillance programme in the involved geographical areas were also put in place.

Primi casi di infezione da virus Schmallenberg in Italia: strategie di sorveglianza Parole chiave Riassunto Analisi epidemiologica, Lo studio descrive le strategie di soveglianza implementate in seguito al primo rinvenimento Italia, in Italia del virus Schmallenberg SBV appartenente al genere Orthobunyavirus. A seguito del rilevamento del virus sono state adottate azioni di risposta immediata per impedirne la difusione.

Gli accertamenti sierologici mediante siero-neutralizzazione hanno dato risultati positivi, a diferenza dei campioni di sangue intero risultati negativi a SBV. Introduction territory posed new and pressing questions. Due to the lack of information on virus epidemiology, a Between the end of and the beginning of broad-spectrum approach was chosen to quickly , Schmallenberg virus SBV has been reported deine the area that may have been potentially in ruminants cattle, sheep, goats and bison involved by virus circulation.

In this respect, it in Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, United turned out to be highly important to have in place Kingdom, France, Italy, Spain and Luxembourg 8, a valuable entomological surveillance program, 9. Preliminary studies on its genome suggested the as it has been argued by Gofredo This article virus ailiation to the Simbu serogroup, belonging to describes the surveillance approaches endorsed by the genus Orthobunyavirus within the Bunyaviridae the Italian Ministry of Health to promptly investigate family.

Adult animals infected with SBV show mild the impact of the infection and to coordinate the clinical signs persisting for approximately one week subsequent actions. SBV infection is also associated to foetal malformation and stillbirths Materials and methods After the irst conirmed cases in several European countries, the Italian Ministry of Health provided First case inding indications to enforce passive surveillance in all At the beginning of February suspicions of farms with ruminants, particularly in those that had infection were notiied in 3 Italian regions.

Eventually, introduced live animals from afected countries. Caporale' , scoliosis, arthrogryposis and ankylosis of some of the arose the concern of veterinary services. Brain and spleen samples of the foetus The detection of this new infection on the Italian were submitted for virus detection. Veterinaria Italiana , 49 3 , Serial ten-fold dilutions of antigen were made. After 5 days the titre was determined by using the Reed and Muench formula Starting from , serial two- fold dilutions were made from serum samples in microtitre plates, and TCID50 units of antigen were added to each dilution.

Positive and negative control sera were included in each plate.

Viral RNA was reverse transcribed and the small S segment ampliied. Ampliication and sequencing were repeated twice to avoid introduction of artiicial substitutions.

Brain tested positive to and possibly deine the geographical extension of both protocols, whereas spleen was negative. Both infection. ELISA for processing a large sequence of the viral genome.

Blood was tested by both adopted clear deinitions of suspected and qRT-PCRs, whereas the detection of the presence conirmed cases Table I. The oicial publication of SBV speciic antibodies was assessed by virus- and dissemination of these deinitions, together neutralization VN.

Prior to standardizing the veterinary services actions and for the VN test, SBV was titrated in a cytopathic efect a better harmonization of the collected data 4.

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