download Parto distócico by Ángeles Yepes Carrillo (eBook) online at Lulu. Visit the eBook (PDF), 21 Pages. This item Available in PDF Format. Parto Distócico - Download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt /.pptx), PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. Artículo original Ginecol Obstet Mex ;75(9) RESUMEN Antecedentes: el parto distócico es una complicación frecuente y sus consecuencias.
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DIAGRAMA DE FLUJO PARTO DISTOCICO. no ad. p. 1 / 9. Embed or link this publication. Description. DIAGRAMA DE FLUJO PARTO DISTOCICO. I'd like to recommend the place where everyone could probably find parto distocico bovinos pdf writer, but probably, you would need to register there. Top. parto normal y distócico. JORGE ANDRÉS RUBIO ROMERO, Médico Cirujano, Especialista en Obstetricia y. Ginecología, Magíster en Epidemiología Clínica.
The highest mortality percentages were reached between April and September. It was concluded that there is a high mortality rate in dairy farms and that the causes of death were different depending on the farm, but in general they were related to calving, undetermined causes, and digestive disorders.
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Key words: mortality rate, death, dairy cattle. Se concluye que existe una alta tasa de mortalidad en los planteles lecheros, siendo las causas de muerte diferentes dependiendo del predio, pero en general se resume que los trastornos derivados del parto, causas no determinadas y los trastornos digestivos son las que prevalecen. Palabras clave: mortalidad, muertes, vacas lecheras.
Esslemont y Kossaibati indican que el hecho que ninguna causa haya sido registrada para casi la mitad de las vacas muertas en su estudio sea probablemente porque la causa nunca fue establecida y porque pocos ganaderos examinan a las vacas post mortem. Causas de mortalidad y aborto en bovinos.
Informe de 1. Rev Med Vet 85, Biology of dairy cows during the transition period: the final frontier? J Dairy Sci 82, The degree and causes of cow loss as related to genotypes, keeping systems and herd size.
Epidemiological information on the lock was provided and analysed, whole blood and serum samples were also collected from all animals in the farm for both virological and serological investigations. All blood samples tested negative for SBV, whereas serological positive results were obtained by virus-neutralization VN. Epidemiological investigations indicated the possible virus circulation in the area. The subsequent surveillance actions were mainly based on the standardization and re- enforcement of passive surveillance protocols, a risk-based serological surveillance programme through VN and an entomological surveillance programme in the involved geographical areas were also put in place.
Primi casi di infezione da virus Schmallenberg in Italia: strategie di sorveglianza Parole chiave Riassunto Analisi epidemiologica, Lo studio descrive le strategie di soveglianza implementate in seguito al primo rinvenimento Italia, in Italia del virus Schmallenberg SBV appartenente al genere Orthobunyavirus. A seguito del rilevamento del virus sono state adottate azioni di risposta immediata per impedirne la difusione.
Gli accertamenti sierologici mediante siero-neutralizzazione hanno dato risultati positivi, a diferenza dei campioni di sangue intero risultati negativi a SBV. Introduction territory posed new and pressing questions. Due to the lack of information on virus epidemiology, a Between the end of and the beginning of broad-spectrum approach was chosen to quickly , Schmallenberg virus SBV has been reported deine the area that may have been potentially in ruminants cattle, sheep, goats and bison involved by virus circulation.
In this respect, it in Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, United turned out to be highly important to have in place Kingdom, France, Italy, Spain and Luxembourg 8, a valuable entomological surveillance program, 9. Preliminary studies on its genome suggested the as it has been argued by Gofredo This article virus ailiation to the Simbu serogroup, belonging to describes the surveillance approaches endorsed by the genus Orthobunyavirus within the Bunyaviridae the Italian Ministry of Health to promptly investigate family.
Adult animals infected with SBV show mild the impact of the infection and to coordinate the clinical signs persisting for approximately one week subsequent actions. SBV infection is also associated to foetal malformation and stillbirths Materials and methods After the irst conirmed cases in several European countries, the Italian Ministry of Health provided First case inding indications to enforce passive surveillance in all At the beginning of February suspicions of farms with ruminants, particularly in those that had infection were notiied in 3 Italian regions.
Eventually, introduced live animals from afected countries. Caporale' , scoliosis, arthrogryposis and ankylosis of some of the arose the concern of veterinary services. Brain and spleen samples of the foetus The detection of this new infection on the Italian were submitted for virus detection. Veterinaria Italiana , 49 3 , Serial ten-fold dilutions of antigen were made. After 5 days the titre was determined by using the Reed and Muench formula Starting from , serial two- fold dilutions were made from serum samples in microtitre plates, and TCID50 units of antigen were added to each dilution.
Positive and negative control sera were included in each plate.
Viral RNA was reverse transcribed and the small S segment ampliied. Ampliication and sequencing were repeated twice to avoid introduction of artiicial substitutions.
Brain tested positive to and possibly deine the geographical extension of both protocols, whereas spleen was negative. Both infection. ELISA for processing a large sequence of the viral genome.
Blood was tested by both adopted clear deinitions of suspected and qRT-PCRs, whereas the detection of the presence conirmed cases Table I. The oicial publication of SBV speciic antibodies was assessed by virus- and dissemination of these deinitions, together neutralization VN.
Prior to standardizing the veterinary services actions and for the VN test, SBV was titrated in a cytopathic efect a better harmonization of the collected data 4.
Table I. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Analgesia in labour and fetal acid-base balance: a meta-analysis comparing epidural with systemic opioid analgesia. The effects of epidural analgesia on labor, maternal, and neonatal outcomes: a systematic review.
Combined spinal-epidural versus epidural analgesia in labour. Effect of low-dose mobile versus traditional epidural techniques on mode of delivery: a randomised controlled trial.
Cammu H, van Eeckhout E. A randomised controlled trial of early versus delayed use of amniotomy and oxytocin infusion in nulliparous labour.
A controlled trial of a program for the active management of labor. N Engl J Med. Amniotomy for shortening spontaneous labour. Package of care for active management in labour for reducing caesarean section rates in low-risk women. Early amniotomy and early oxytocin for prevention of, or therapy for, delay in first stage spontaneous labour compared with routine care. Ruiz Parra AI. Fescina RH. How long is too long: Does a prolonged second stage of labor in nulliparous women affect maternal and neonatal outcomes?
Myles TD, Santolaya J. Maternal and neonatal outcomes in patients with a prolonged second stage of labor. The prognostic impact of a prolonged second stage of labor on maternal and fetal outcome.
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Perinatal outcome in relation to second-stage duration. Factors influencing the prolonged second stage and the effects on perinatal and maternal outcomes. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. The characteristics of the second stage of labour in 25, singleton deliveries in the North West Thames Health Region, Neonatal and maternal morbidity in relation to the length of the second stage of labour.
The second stage of labor and stress urinary incontinence. Perinatal outcome after a prolonged second stage of labor. J Reprod Med. Short labor: characteristics and outcome.
Incidence and outcomes of dystocia in the active phase of labor in term nulliparous women with spontaneous labor onset. Dysfunctional labour: a randomised trial. The effect of early oxytocin augmentation in labor: a meta-analysis Structured abstract.
Obstetrics and gynecology. High dose versus low dose oxytocin for augmentation of delayed labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Oxytocin versus no treatment or delayed treatment for slow progress in the first stage of spontaneous labour. Pelvimetry for fetal cephalic presentations at or near term. The value of maternal height as a risk factor of dystocia: A meta-analysis. Tropical Medicine and International Health. Suspicion and treatment of the macrosomic fetus: A review.
Reducing stillbirths: interventions during labour.
Risk factors for obstetric anal sphincter injury: a prospective study. Andrews CM, Chrzanowski M. Maternal position, labor, and comfort.
Appl Nurs Res. Lack of effect of walking on labor and delivery. Maternal position during the first stage of labor: a systematic review.
Reprod Health. Impact of first-stage ambulation on mode of delivery among women with epidural analgesia. Randomized controlled trial of hands-and-knees positioning for occipitoposterior position in labor.
Comparison of the maternal experience and duration of labour in two upright delivery positions--a randomised controlled trial. A meta-analysis of upright positions in the second stage to reduce instrumental deliveries in women with epidural analgesia.
Position in the second stage of labour for women without epidural anaesthesia. Dupuis O, Simon A. La surveillance foetale pendant l'expulsion. Fetal monitoring during the active second stage of labor. Perineal massage in labour and prevention of perineal trauma: randomised controlled trial. Perineal outcomes and maternal comfort related to the application of perineal warm packs in the second stage of labor: a randomized controlled trial.
A randomised controlled trial of care of the perineum during second stage of normal labour. Decreasing the incidence of anal sphincter tears during delivery.
Effectiveness and acceptability of lidocaine spray in reducing perineal pain during spontaneous vaginal delivery: randomised controlled trial. A randomized trial of the effects of coached vs uncoached maternal pushing during the second stage of labor on postpartum pelvic floor structure and function. A meta-analysis of passive descent versus immediate pushing in nulliparous women with epidural analgesia in the second stage of labor. Delayed versus early pushing in women with epidural analgesia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Delayed versus immediate pushing in second stage of labor. Comparison of delayed versus immediate pushing during second stage of labor for nulliparous women with epidural anesthesia. Outcomes of routine episiotomy: a systematic review. Carroli G, Mignini L.
Episiotomy for vaginal birth. Episiotomy and perineal tears presumed to be imminent: randomized controlled trial. A randomised controlled trial of routine versus restrictive use of episiotomy at operative vaginal delivery: a multicentre pilot study. Anal incontinence in women with third or fourth degree perineal tears and subsequent vaginal deliveries.Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine.
A randomized trial of increased intravenous hydration in labor when oral fluid is unrestricted. In particular, was irst detected by RT-PCR, whereas a second the lack of knowledge on disease epidemiology and positive calf was identiied thanks to the serological its impact and the availability of limited diagnostic monitoring in a farm located 30 km from the resources forced the Italian Ministry of Health to previous outbreak Table III. Emerg Infect Dis, 18 3 International multicenter term PROM study: evaluation of predictors of neonatal infection in infants born to patients with premature rupture of membranes at term.