LOLER Lifting Equipment Inspection Duties eBook - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Lifting equipment Inspection. This guidance explains the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations. (LOLER) The LOLER Regulations aim to make life safer for everyone. Guidance explaining the Regulations, to help users learn about and understand their application in general workplaces.
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What are the principal requirements of LOLER ? have to supervise the lifting operation at all times in order to comply with LOLER ?. The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER) are discussed at length and chapter 2 provides a model Code of Practice for Rigging in. The Building Safety Group (BSG), has reported a 13% increase in the number of LOLER Regulation non-compliances recorded during site.
Currently DMM are producing a video to clarify the correct inspection procedure, which will be available on the web. This now raises the old question of what makes a person competent.
Anyone can call themselves an expert or a competent person - they do not have to have attended any course or training.
Inspection management for equipment managers
However, it would obviously not be good practice to employ someone as a competent person if they have no experience or training. There are a variety of training courses available, ranging from a one day course with no assessment, up to the Lyon Equipment course, which is four days of training with a day of assessment at the end.
Some courses are specific to a particular profession, which limits the type of equipment the inspector can inspect. If you want to deal with a person who is truly knowledgeable, they need both experience and training.
If these criteria are met, common sense will hopefully prevail in what is for many a very grey area.
Specialist trades For some time now certain professionals have held the opinion that the only people allowed to qualify to inspect PPE must have previously trained and qualified in that particular profession - arborists, for example. You need to make sure that a professional from one particular trade has been adequately trained to become a competent person for inspection purposes.
Specific trade courses invariably do not include the relevant components regarding the thorough inspection, documentation and health and safety law relating to PPE. The alternative approach is to employ a competent person who has specific knowledge of all PPE for working at height, regardless of the industry it is used for. This would be a very difficult task due to the many different trades and industries that work at height.
A central body would need to be created to manage the database, and this would involve extra costs. Equipment selection should be part of the risk assessment.
To be CE certified the equipment first has to be tested to the relevant British or European standard. When the equipment has passed the appropriate tests, CE approval can be applied for. If successful, the equipment can be sold in the UK marked with the CE mark and the number of the test house giving the CE approval. Lifting and lowering equipment does not necessarily carry a CE test house number, as manufactures can self-certify in-house under the machinery directive.
Arborist pulley blocks used for lowering tree limbs come in the category.
Inspection management for equipment managers
A grey area exists regarding CE approval where certain specialist trades use equipment that has been manufactured abroad, often in the USA. Such equipment can be used if no suitable alternative is available with CE approval.
The competent person should have the experience to make decisions as to the suitability and fitness of any specialist equipment they are inspecting, regardless of CE mark. Make sure that the equipment downloadd and supplied to employees is appropriate for the intended use - it must fit the user well and the user must be trained how to use the equipment in the intended manner.
There are many ways of misusing equipment and documented training and experience is essential to prevent this. All equipment should be compatible within each system. Read the user instruction for any new piece of equipment if you are not familiar with it.
Manufacturers test equipment in laboratory conditions to British and European standards.
Work situations do not always reflect these laboratory conditions and experience is essential for correct equipment selection. For example, the performance of rope grabs used for work positioning and fall arrest will differ depending on the type and condition of the rope used. Only use rope grabs with ropes recommended by the manufacturer, as these will be the ropes the device has been tested on and proven to work to pass the required standard.
The user must also be trained in safe rescue techniques and have a rescue plan as part of the risk assessment. Once you have selected and downloadd your equipment, the job of establishing a specified inspection scheme, registering, storing and maintenance begins.
Storage of equipment is often overlooked. When not in use equipment should be stored in a clean dry environment. Heavy duty vinyl equipment bags are ideal for people on the move who keep their equipment in a vehicle. Equipment should be cleaned and dried before storing, if required. The level playing field The working at height industry has been largely self regulating with regard to the LOLER regulations. Where the SWL depends on the configuration of the machinery for lifting loads, the machinery must be marked to indicate its SWL for each configuration, or provided with such information which is kept with the machinery.
On chain and wire slings, the SWL should be marked legibly and indelibly on a durable tag or label attached to the sling; or marked on the ferrule or master link.
However, colour coding alone to denote SWL is not normally acceptable, but can be a useful additional feature eg of textile slings and may be a key element in the marking of some equipment, such as access and rescue ropes.
Individual lifting accessories forming part of a specific item of lifting equipment that is not disassembled after use and so remains part of that equipment , do not need to be marked. However, the lifting equipment must be marked with a SWL rating that is suitable for all items in its assembly.
Further information is given in: Safe use of lifting equipment. ACOP and Guidance see regulation 7 and paragraph onwards.
Two South West based companies were fined in June after a year old woman was struck by scaffolding. The worker suffered two fractures to her left shoulder blade, a fracture to her left collar bone, a cut to the back of her head and bruising.
An investigation by the Health and Safety Executive HSE found the stillage attachment used on the crane was not suitable for lifting heavy and large amounts of scaffolding. Should any contractor, or indeed any person, not be familiar with the regulations, they should ask the competent person they have appointed under the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations to advise them on how to apply the regulations.
The regulations require that the employer or person in control of the premises addresses the following: the suitability of lifting equipment the strength and stability of lifting equipment the position and installation of lifting equipment the marking of lifting equipment the organisation of lifting operations examination and inspection the adequacy of equipment for lifting people. Contracts managers and site agents will need to ensure that either they, or the subcontractor providing and using the equipment, have addressed the key requirements.
The following need to be considered: the ergonomic risks when using the equipment the suitability of material safe means of access and egress the need to minimise the risk of slips, trips and falls from any part of the lifting equipment protection for operators, especially in inclement weather wind speeds and how high winds could affect either the equipment or the lifting operation.
There are many choices of lifting equipment available, and for complex lifting tasks it will usually be advisable to seek competent advice. Some equipment will not be suitable for certain lifting tasks, and choosing the wrong equipment could put people at risk of severe injury. Ask the person choosing the equipment why they have chosen that type, whether they have considered all the options, whether they have compiled risk assessments. Equipment must have adequate strength for the proposed job or use, with an appropriate factor of safety against failure.
Equipment must also have adequate stability and not be prone to overturning. Any equipment with pneumatic tyres must be checked to ensure the correct inflation of the tyres — underinflated tyres can cause equipment to topple over. Spreader plates or other types of stabilising equipment may be necessary. Conditions need to be checked to ensure that the stabilisers or spreaders can be fully extended and used correctly.
Lifting equipment must be positioned or installed in such a way that the risk of a person being struck or a load moving in an uncontrolled manner is minimised. If a load needs to be lifted over people this should be carefully planned and the position of the lifting equipment carefully considered so as to minimise the duration of the lift also, the site agent should consider excluding all pedestrians and other vehicles from the area underneath the lifting span. Equipment cannot be placed in any position where there is a likelihood that people could be crushed — for example, if it were to topple over, where would it fall and onto whom?
Any path of travel of a load or the equipment itself should be protected by a suitable enclosure. Lifting equipment in use should not come into contact with other lifting equipment — for example, there should be proper planning and siting of multiple tower cranes on a site and hoists should be located so that there is no risk of them becoming entangled with netting. Access and egress points to and from lifting equipment should be protected with suitable gates.
Interlocking devices should be fitted. All lifts and lifting equipment must display the safe working load SWL. This is the maximum weight that the equipment is designed to take safely. Ignoring the SWL could cause equipment to be overloaded and plummet to the ground or lower levels.
Accidents happen because the SWL has been ignored. Where there is a risk that the SWL will be ignored, the equipment should be fitted with interlocks or capacity limiters that prevent it being used in the overloaded state. It is essential to check the SWL of slings, shackles, hoists, eye bolts, harnesses, lifting beams, etc.
If in doubt about the capacity of a lift or lifting equipment to take a load, seek advice from the manufacturer. Lifting operations need to be: properly planned appropriately supervised carried out in a safe manner. The person planning the operation should have adequate practical and theoretical knowledge and experience of planning such operations. They must be competent. It is good practice to write down the plan of lifting operations as a record and aide memoire.
The plan must address: the risks identified the resources required the procedures to be followed those involved and their responsibilities any other lifts going on in the area and how they will interface one another.
Proper planning is a combination of: Initial planning — Is the equipment suitable?
Appropriate consultation — Who will do the task? Preparing method statements — How?
Contingency planning — emergencies — accidents. Information, instruction and training — evidence of training — evidence of experience — sharing information about site-specific hazards e.
No, but all lifting operations will need to be supervised by a competent person. This may not necessarily be the employer but could be the specialist contractor engaged to carry out the lifting operation.Regular inspections can help to develop the culture of safety awareness which is vital for the reduction of accidents.
Once you have selected and downloadd your equipment, the job of establishing a specified inspection scheme, registering, storing and maintenance begins. What is required regarding inspection and testing of lifting equipment?
Reports on passenger lifts or permanent lifting equipment within the building must be kept as long as the equipment is used and until the next formal report is issued. They apply to all work situations that are subject to the Health and Safety at Work etc. Equipment requiring inspection can often be spread around several different locations or vehicles and it all needs to identified and taken to the inspection location.
Does lifting equipment have to be marked with its safe working load? There are many ways of misusing equipment and documented training and experience is essential to prevent this. Other lifts used by the public should also be subject to similarly stringent requirements to ensure the safety of all users, and so meet the objectives of Section 3 of the Health and Safety at Work etc.
This would be a very difficult task due to the many different trades and industries that work at height.