Encyclopedia of HeavyMetal Music. HEAVY METAL MUSIC: AN INTRODUCTION 7Certain aspects of the criticism are accurate. Unlike other. William PHILLIPS & Brian A. COGAN, Encyclopedia of. Heavy Metal Music. Brian Hickam. Electronic version. URL: raudone.info ISSN: Heavy metal (often referred to simply as metal) is a genre of rock music that .. Rolling Stone encyclopedia entry begins, "Australian heavy-metal band.
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Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal Music This page intentionally left blank Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal Music WILLIAM PHIL. According to the Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal by authors Brian Cogan and Phillips, the music genre “metal” is a subgenre of rock and roll (Encyclopedia of. It has been reviled, dismissed, attacked, and occasionally been the subject of Congressional hearings, but still, the genre of music known as heavy metal.
Unfortunately, it was at this fortuitous time that the hard-charging, hard-living Scott found his own limits. Devastated, the band took time to mourn and assess their situation. Once the band decided to soldier on, however, they recruited ex-Georgie vocalist Brian Johnson. In retrospect, Johnson was a natural choice, given his raspy caterwaul and working-class demeanor. The band stayed on a roll for the next few years. However, after the recording of Flick of the Switch , drummer Phil Rudd was sacked from the band.
In that they largely succeeded, and the album was in some ways a return to their rougher Scott days. Nonetheless, the album did less well than its predecessors, and the band began to experience a bit of a commercial decline, although they still sold well in the record stores and on tour.
Producer and longtime fan Rick Rubin stepped in in to produce Ballbreaker, which proved to be something of a return to form for the band, both performance-wise and commercially. Upon its release, Ballbreaker went platinum within the year and went as high as number four on the U.
The band has since slowed its work schedule considerably, releasing Stiff Upper Lip in Perhaps the single most important hard rock band to come from the U. After a drug-induced low-point in the early eighties at which point both Perry and Whitford had left the band , the group came back to their full commercial, if not creative, strength. Perry and Hamilton had played for four summers in the Jam Band, playing the blues-based rock of their day—Jeff Beck Group, Led Zeppelin—when they met Tyler, who was fronting another local band.
After graduating from high school, Perry and Hamilton moved to Boston and hooked up with Tyler.
Drummer Joey Kramer was soon enlisted, and the band started gigging around the Boston area. After working a while with rhythm guitarist Ray Tabano, the band caught a performance by the band Justin Thyme featuring guitarist Brad Whitford.
After polishing their act in the clubs and colleges of Beantown, the band secured a record deal with Columbia, who issued Aerosmith in Recorded quickly with producer Adrian Barber, Aerosmith was a serviceable if raw debut, but gave little indication of what the band would ultimately be capable of.
He then rerecorded the echoing sound back onto the track to simulate the sound of a concert arena. The result was the hottest live track the band never recorded live. Supported with relentless touring, the album spent over a year on the charts.
If Wings had kicked the band up a few notches from their debut, Toys certainly kicked it up a few more again. With Rocks in , the band continued their winning streak with another collection of great songs and performances. And rock Aerosmith did. With Toys and Rocks, Aerosmith had hit the big time and were experiencing both the prizes and the perils of stardom.
Drugs were one problem, and no one in the band seemed immune.
As a result, tensions between band members, especially between Tyler and Perry, became strained. All the same, the band marched on. Live Bootleg was released in and charted at number Holmes Band with Derek St. Holmes, former vocalist and guitarist with Ted Nugent. The band continued on, hiring guitarist Rick Dufay to replace Whitford and recording the album Rock in a Hard Place. The album only got as high as number 32, failing to even match the sales of Night in the Ruts.
After two years, both Perry and Whitford had rejoined the band, and Aerosmith began an attempt to win back their reputation and status. Under their guidance Tyler, Perry, and eventually all of the band underwent rehab programs.
The band then began collaborating with a number of outside songwriters, most notably Desmond Child and Holly Knight. Keenly anticipated, the album debuted at number 1, but failed to stay there, quickly dropping off. Ashes Against the Grain , their most recent full-length album, is a fascinating blend of folk and heavy progressive black metal and one of the strangest metal albums ever released.
Alabama Thunder Pussy are a country-tinged metal band from Richmond, Virginia, who mix a dose of southern rock, punk, and skuzzy and sleazy metal for a mixture not unlike the similarly named Nashville Pussy.
The band has gone through various members over the years, including three lead vocalists. Many bands try and rock old-school metal with southern style, but somehow Alabama Thunder Pussy pulls it off.
River City Revival is the key record for fans new to the band. ATP demonstrate that the south has a lot to offer to the contemporary metal scene. Alcatrazz is perhaps best remembered as the group that launched shredmeister Yngwie Malmsteen into international prominence.
Unfortunately, the album itself performed poorly, and after a hastily released live album, Malmsteen departed for a solo career. Missing, however, was the songwriting element, and the album soon tanked, with Vai departing shortly after.
The band soldiered on with ex-Derringer and Axis guitarist Danny Johnson taking over guitar duties. Unfortunately, the resulting album, Dangerous Games , did no better than its predecessors, and the band packed it in after a short tour. In , vocalist Bonnet put together a new lineup under the Alcatrazz banner and toured Japan, and were said to be recording a new album. The use of alcohol is widespread in the metal community, which does not contain a large number of straight-edge subcultures as the punk community does.
While there are numerous metal bands and personalities who do not drink Ted Nugent being the most prominent case or who used to and have tried to quit Ozzy Osbourne being another prime example , the frequent use of alcohol in the heavy metal community is the consequence of a variety of different factors. In addition, many bands have songs that either mention alcohol or celebrate the virtues of heavy drinking and in many cases drug use as well.
Most famously, Ted Nugent, one of the most opinionated men in music today and a metal icon, has for decades espoused a life free of drugs and alcohol along with the inclusion of plenty of hunting and meat eating. One pre-show ritual of many metal fans is to get as loaded as possible.
This is due, in part, to the overall rock-and-roll involvement with alcohol and drugs , as well as to several factors that are unique to heavy metal. The idea of binge drinking before shows is not just a way in which fans prepare to enjoy a show more, but it is also a rite of passage in terms of masculinity, where fans can prove not just their ability to get wasted, but also to demonstrate their tolerance for alcohol consumption and in many cases drugs as well.
The aim of this practice is to enhance the pleasure of the show much in the way that fans of the Grateful Dead and other jam bands try and plan their consumption of drugs to peak moments in the music. Metal fans want to enjoy the show more, and by drinking, even to excess, not only has a point been proven about masculinity, but the show is presumably exponentially better due to alcohol consumption.
This is not to suggest that female heavy metal fans do not consume alcohol. Many female metal fans can drink as much or sometimes more than male fans, but in terms of body weight and consumption, most women are physically incapable of consuming as much alcohol as men. Also, many women do not drink the same kinds of drinks as men, such as the omnipresent beer readily available both in the parking lot of many events and often at the venue too, but prefer wine and other drinks.
Heavy metal fans do not differ radically from fans of other genres such as hard rock, but the reputation of many bands as having a fan base who are heavy drinkers, such as Motorhead, may encourage binge drinking or other forms of mass consumption around organized rituals such as concerts.
Overall, the connection between heavy metal and fan consumption of alcohol is one that bears further investigation.
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Source: Weinstein, Deena. New York: Da Capo Press, A few years later, in , using the Alice Cooper name, they settled in Detroit. The band started out as an avant garde band playing stripped-down rock and roll. For the Welcome to My Nightmare record, Cooper added ace guitarists Dick Wagner and Steve Hunter and came up with what was arguably his last classic record.
Cooper continued to work in show business as well as rock, appearing memorably on The Muppet Show as himself not to mention appearances on Tony Orlando and Dawn or the Soupy Sales show working to try have the Muppets sign contracts with the devil.
After graduation, Staley hooked up with guitarist Cantrell in to form a new incarnation of the band, now called Alice in Chains.
Bassist Starr and drummer Sean Kinney joined shortly thereafter. After a period of playing clubs in the Northwest, the band was signed by Columbia Records in The band was marketed as a metal band, and following their debut album, Facelift, went on the road as a support band for Van Halen, Iggy Pop, and Poison.
The album became a hit, earning gold status within a year of its release. Shortly thereafter, the band released its Sap EP, which was also well-received. Seattle subsequently became a magnet for record companies looking for the next Nirvana, and the capital of what would soon be called grunge.
Seeing the writing on the wall, Columbia changed their game plan for Alice in Chains, and began marketing the group as an alternative band. Dirt was released in the fall of and was well received, ultimately selling three million copies. The band denied the rumors and toured in support of the album, most notably as part of the third Lollapalooza tour in Bassist Starr quit the band during this period, citing exhaustion from touring and the desire to spend more time with his family.
When the buffering capacity mediated through feedback loops is exhausted the delayed impact becomes manifest in structural and functional changes in the system. For instance, habitat degradation may make the persistence of large mammals untenable. However, the effects of degradation may not become evident until these mammals went extinct Feedback loops Circuits in complex systems that reinvest some of the yield to the input of a system to allow for self-correction and adjustment to internal and external variables Balancing feedback loops Also known as negative feedback loops.
These occur when a changing initial condition lessens its change in the future. For instance, when the population number of predators increases, the consumption of their prey increases too, leading to a decrease in their population numbers. Due to increasing scarcity of prey, the population number of predators decreases as a result of the lack of food.
Population dynamics of predator and prey are balanced Reinforcing feedback loops Also referred to as positive feedback loops. These occur when a changing initial condition furthers its change in the future.
For instance, the greater the population of a species, the more progeny will be born. When those become adults, they will also have offspring.
Heavy Metal Music
Rapid population growth rates of these species are reinforcing themselves and can ultimately have substantial impact on natural resources Hierarchical organization Refers to patterns and processes that occur at discrete scales of space and time.
For instance, continental drift acts on millennial time scales and changes the face of the entire globe. By contrast, an annual grass is very short-lived and lives in a narrow space within a meadow Information flow Outcome of interaction between agents in a complex adaptive system that informs and influences the behavior and interaction of other agents in the system.
For instance, the economic crisis had a severer effect on southern European countries strong connection with economic collapse relative to northern European countries weaker connection Regime shift A regime shift occurs when a complex system changes from one set of structure, functions and processes to another set of structures, functions and processes. Regimes are stable and a system may not shift back to a previous regime without substantial and costly management The choice to link heavy metal with two apparently disparately distinct scientific disciplines is on purpose.
Isolated knowledge from different disciplines can be linked in different ways and vary in their degree of subjectivity versus objectivity Ratner , the reciprocity by which one discipline informs the other Rinia et al. This variability is manifest in the approach used in this paper Fig.
Encyclopedia Of Heavy Metal Music (PDF)
The first dimension emphasizes the scientific component of heavy metal music Brown in which it is linked to complex adaptive systems theory, a branch of complexity science, to describe the emergence of a socio-musicological system Fig. This paper will scrutinize the reciprocal potential to inform one domain by the other; that is, where heavy metal music potentially contributes to inform complex adaptive systems theory and vice versa arrows in both direction in Fig.
Although this paper will only explore linkages theoretically, it is deemed possible that numerical analysis, which have been used in the study of complex adaptive systems Holland , might be used to study the heavy metal socio-musicological system. The potential to objectively study socio-musicological systems is shown by thick arrows in Fig.
Shown are: 1 The links between heavy metal music and complex adaptive systems theory to describe the emergence of a socio-musicological system light blue ellipse. Information potential in this link is unidirectional; that is, heavy metal music informs only sustainability science.
This unidirectional connection is made via allegories.
These relate the music with specific environmental change challenges and ensuing human tensions with the aim to elicit thought and educate people about, and increase their awareness of environmental change.Also, many women do not drink the same kinds of drinks as men, such as the omnipresent beer readily available both in the parking lot of many events and often at the venue too, but prefer wine and other drinks.
Metal Music Beginnings Can a genre truly exist until it is named?
Encyclopedia of Heavy Metal Music
And to my amazing nieces and nephews whose love of music continues to inspire my own. Featuring the caterwauling vocalist Udo Dirkschneider and the dual-guitar of-ten harmonizing assault of guitarists Wolf Hoffmann and Jorge Fisher on matchingFlying V guitars! This leaves Keene as the only original member left.