SHOW your dog what you are trying to teach him – NEVER physically properly, training will be fun, both for you and your dog, as well as exercising his brain. Tips for dogs of all ages—from puppies to geriatrics. * Effective obedience training techniques. * Teach good manners. * Fun tricks you can teach your dog at. Congratulations on your decision to train your dog! Proper training creates happy , well-mannered dogs and fosters effective communication. In basic obedience.

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As the owner of Dealing with Dogs Ltd., she and her committed staff offer puppy and dog obedience classes. Dealing with Dogs classes focus on building a. Legal Disclaimer: Pet Expertise/Jess Rollins is in no way responsible for the behavior of your pet at. Dog Training Made Easy- A Step-by-Step Guide to Using the Pro-Training Clicker ™ for Professional Dog Trainers, Inc. She has been with Triple Crown.

Clever and devoted to owner. Can be barky and snappish if spoiled. Long, fine coat requires daily brushing. Minimal shedding. Outgoing, friendly and fun-loving. True companions.

Good for first time owners. Long, dense coat requires daily brushing. Requires minimal exercise. Ongoing training provides mental stimulation for this intelligent dog. Intelligent, feisty and devoted to owner.

Can be barky, snappish and territorial. Not suitable for children. Smooth-coated variety requires minimal brushing.

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Long-coated variety requires moderate brushing. Early and ongoing socialization is important to avoid behavior problems. Easygoing, playful, charming and even-tempered. Good family pet. Short, smooth coat requires minimal brushing. Heavy shedding. Ongoing training provides mental stimulation for this clever dog. Approximately 5 inches Weight: Up to 6 pounds Pug Height: Getting Started Terriers were originally bred to hunt small animals.

Their lively, self-confident personalities make Terriers good watchdogs, but chasing, barking and digging can be a problem for these dogs. Active, spirited, selfassured and sensitive. Prone to barking. Wiry coat requires regular brushing. Training classes recommended. Friendly, lively and playful. Straight, stiff coat requires brushing several times a week. Feisty, independent and devoted to owner. Wiry, dense coat requires regular brushing.

Early and ongoing socialization and training classes recommended. Playful, fun-loving, active and protective of owner. A hardy, adaptable dog. Wiry coat requires weekly brushing.

Requires plenty of exercise. Early and ongoing socialization and professional training recommended. Approximately 10 inches Weight: Approximately 23 inches Weight: Scenthounds, including the Beagle, Dachshund and Basset Hound, enjoy following their noses.

Sighthounds, including the Greyhound and Whippet, enjoy a good run. Cheerful and curious. Good with children. Howling, barking and following his nose into trouble can be problems. Short coat requires minimal brushing. Regular ear care required. Early and ongoing training classes recommended. Clever, persistent and playful. Digging and barking can be problems. Long and wirehaired coats require moderate brushing. Smooth coat requires minimal brushing. Minimal to moderate shedding. Requires minimal to moderate exercise.

Early socialization and training classes recommended. Challenge to housetrain. Good-natured, pleasant and sociable. Howling and begging can be problems. Food rewards are an especially good training tool for this dog. Gentle, quiet and affectionate. Destructive chewing may be a problem. Requires moderate exercise in a fenced area.

This dog requires positive, sensitive training. Getting Started Working dogs are powerful, intelligent dogs who were originally bred to perform a variety of tasks. Working dogs can be great companions for experienced owners who make training and socialization a priority.

Fun-loving, athletic and courageous. Patient with children. Can be overly exuberant. Early training classes and socialization recommended. Confident, courageous, powerful and protective.

May be assertive. When well-bred and welltrained, this dog can be suitable for experienced owners. Short, dense coat requires regular brushing. Loyal, energetic and athletic. A sensitive dog that must be treated in a positive manner. Suitable for experienced owners. Short, smooth, shiny coat requires minimal brushing. Requires vigorous daily exercise, especially when young. Early and ongoing professional, positive training recommended.

Good-humored, friendly and outgoing. Destructive digging or chewing a problem if not adequately stimulated. Mid-length, thick coat requires weekly brushing. Heavy shedding in spring and fall. Requires vigorous daily exercise in a securely fenced area.

Early professional training recommended. Herding dogs are intelligent, energetic and often independent, but they are prone to barking. Intelligent, versatile and independent. Thrives when given a job to do. Better suited to an experienced owner. Mid-length, dense coat requires regular brushing. Early and ongoing socialization and professional training is required. Intelligent, playful and devoted to owner. Can be nervous and barky. Long, dense coat requires regular brushing.

Moderate shedding, with heavy shedding in spring and fall. This dog generally excels at obedience and agility training. Intelligent, friendly and active. Big dog attitude in a small body. Mid-length, thick coat requires brushing several times a week.

Sheds heavily. Early training and socialization recommended. Loyal, alert and sensitive. Mid-length to long, dense coat requires weekly brushing. Requires plenty of exercise, especially when young. Early and ongoing training and socialization recommended. Getting Started The Non-Sporting group is made up of dogs that do not fit into any other group.

This group contains a wide variety of dogs that differ greatly in appearance and personality. Does not shed. Toys and Miniatures require moderate exercise. Standards require plenty of exercise. Easygoing, charming and loyal. Prone to a number of health problems. Skin folds on face require daily cleaning. Lively, friendly and affectionate. Short, shiny coat requires minimal brushing. Skin folds on face require regular cleaning. Stable, social and playful.

Good for first time owner. Curly, fine coat requires daily brushing. Intelligent, dignified Under 10 Toy , and active. Toys Miniature , and Miniatures are Over 15 Standard prone to barking. Standards are Weight in pounds: Height in inches: The type of dog you want will play a part in determining where you should get your dog.

For example, if you want a purebred puppy, you should download your dog from a reputable breeder. If you want an adult dog, an animal shelter or a rescue group might be a better choice for you.

When looking for a puppy, make sure you choose a reputable breeder who will meet with you and allow you to meet the puppy's parents. To find a breeder who raises the type of dog you are interested in, you can contact the American Kennel Club for a breeder referral service. You can also check the Internet for breed clubs that can direct you to reputable breeders.

If you are interested in obtaining a dog from a rescue group, you can consult with local veterinarians, groomers and dog trainers to find a rescue group in your area. Regardless of where you download your dog, you should try to find out as much as possible about your dog's background. Getting Tip How will I know if a breeder is not reputable?

What sources should I avoid? There are some breeders who breed dogs only for financial benefit, without regard for the health and welfare of the dogs. Be wary of downloading a dog from a breeder who is selling a large number of litters of many different types of dogs for a high price.

When downloading a puppy, be aware that some non-reputable breeders sell mixed-breed dogs as though they were purebred. Only American Kennel Club registered dogs are considered purebred. You should be wary of downloading dogs over the Internet, from a classified advertisement or from any other source that does not allow you to meet with the breeder and see the dog's parents. Started What should I keep in mind when adopting a dog from a shelter? Many shelter dogs suffer from anxiety due to being caged, though with love, mental stimulation and exercise, they usually settle down nicely.

Since shelter workers work with the dogs daily, they will usually be able to tell you about each dog's personality. Any group can call itself a rescue group. You should beware of groups that have a wide variety of breeds of young dogs or puppies available. The following timeline provides a general idea of how a puppy develops.

Cesar’s Rules: Your Way to Train a Well-Behaved Dog

Depending on the breed of your puppy, he may develop at a different pace. Birth to 7 Weeks: Puppy with Mother and Littermates Your puppy is born blind and deaf, but his eyesight and hearing start to develop between the second and third week of life, about the same time he begins to move around.

During the first seven weeks, your puppy should remain with his mother. She uses this period to teach her puppies about social behavior in the dog world, including how to play with others and respect for authority.

She also weans her puppies. Your Puppy Comes Home By this time, your puppy is weaned from his mother and is ready to go to his new home. Between seven and eight weeks of age is the best time to bring your puppy home as he is at a stage where he easily adjusts to change. Your puppy will need his first set of vaccinations around eight weeks old.

Your Puppy and Socialization During this period, your puppy is like a sponge, absorbing practically everything he observes.

To socialize your puppy, expose him to a variety of places, people and situations, but watch for a brief period when he may be easily frightened, usually around eight to ten weeks old. For information on socialization, see pages 72 to Your puppy will need his second set of vaccinations around 12 weeks old and his third set around 16 weeks old.

Getting Started 4 to 6 Months: Your Puppy Is Growing Up As active as your puppy was before, his activity level actually increases during this period. To keep him busy, you can increase the frequency and difficulty level of his training.

Your puppy still has a lot of physical and emotional maturing to do. His adult teeth begin to come in around this time, so keep a good supply of chew toys on hand.

You should be consistent with your expectations of your puppy and create a comfortable routine that minimizes confusion and stress.

Around four months of age, your puppy may go through another phase where he is fearful or shy around new people or situations. As his confidence grows, he will become more independent. At around six months, check with your veterinarian about spaying or neutering. Your Puppy's Adolescence Finally, at around eight months, your puppy's activity level peaks. However, his independence increases and he may begin to test the boundaries of his environment. If this occurs, set up situations where he must earn his life rewards.

For information on life rewards, see page As your puppy enters adolescence, he may start to display behaviors such as jumping up uninvited, begging or pulling on his leash. You should work on correcting these behavior issues promptly and consistently. During this period, keep your puppy in his confinement area when you cannot supervise him. For information on confining your puppy, see page After 12 Months: Your Puppy Begins Adulthood Although technically an adult, your dog still has some physical and emotional growing to do.

He may be as tall as he is going to get, but his muscle mass may still increase. When he is physically mature, you can start more advanced training, such as agility training.

By this time, your dog is easier to live with. He is comfortable with your family routine and with his place in your home. After his first year, you can limit your vet visits to yearly check-ups unless your dog requires a visit for an illness. Keeping your dog healthy involves taking him to the veterinarian, meeting his exercise needs, feeding him a nutritious diet and keeping him at his optimum weight.

You should take your dog to his veterinarian for annual checkups and for any required vaccinations or treatments. It is important that you feel comfortable with your veterinarian so that you are able to discuss any concerns you have about your dog's health and nutrition. Exercising your dog regularly will keep your dog healthy and happy.

Check with your veterinarian for information on which vaccinations your dog should have and when the vaccinations should be given.

Even if you train your dog throughout the day, you will still need to exercise him. When choosing a diet for your dog, make sure you consult with your veterinarian to ensure his nutritional needs are being met. If you feed your dog table scraps in addition to his regular diet, watch for signs of stomach upset and be sure to account for the extra calories to prevent your dog from becoming overweight.

Getting Tip How can I check my dog's health? How often should I feed my dog? You should do a health check on your dog once a week to make sure he is healthy and prevent problems from going unnoticed. Check your dog's eyes for redness or discharge and pull up his lips to check for red gums.

Part your dog's hair to check for skin problems, fleas and ticks. You should also check inside your dog's ears for inflammation, discharge or odor. Dogs over six months old should have two specific meal times per day. You should follow your breeder or veterinarian's advice for feeding a puppy less than six months old. Typically, puppies from three to six months should be fed three meals a day. Started If you leave food out all day and allow your dog to eat whenever he chooses, he will not be motivated to work for food treats during training.

When your dog knows that you control his meal times, he will pay more attention to you and to the commands you give him. You should choose the feeding option that best suits your philosophy and budget. Proteins and cooked vegetables are fine for dogs, but you should avoid giving your dog chocolate, onion, greasy foods and foods with small, sharp bones, such as fish. When you look at your dog's back from above, you should see an indentation at your dog's waist and no buildup of fat on his ribs.

If you cannot see an indentation at your dog's waist, he is overweight. Check with your veterinarian for weight-loss options for your dog. Grooming your dog involves brushing and bathing, as well as trimming his nails and caring for his teeth. You can groom your dog yourself or take him to a professional groomer. Your dog will look and feel better when he is groomed regularly. Grooming is useful in the training process, since a dog who is well cared for is often happier and more willing to work with you.

The amount of brushing your dog requires depends on the type of dog you have. Dogs with long, thick coats generally need more brushing than dogs with short coats. You can then gradually reduce the food rewards and use praise to calm and encourage your dog. Over time, regular grooming will help your dog become comfortable with being touched. This is useful when your dog has to be handled by a veterinarian or professional groomer.

You can find grooming supplies such as combs and brushes designed for dogs at pet supply stores. You can also download shampoo designed for dogs, as well as specialized nail clippers. Dogs often have sensitive skin in these areas. If your dog looks dirty or smells, he should have a bath. You should brush your dog before bathing him to remove any loose dirt or tangles from his coat. Use a mild dog shampoo, rinse your dog's coat well and avoid getting water in his ears.

If your dog has long ears, ask your veterinarian or groomer for advice on how to take care of his ears.

Getting Tip Started What should I keep in mind when choosing a professional groomer? What should I watch for while grooming my dog?

To help you find a reputable groomer, you can ask your veterinarian, breeder and other dog owners for recommendations. The groomer you choose should be a member of a professional organization that has a code of ethics. Before taking your dog to the groomer, you should ask whether they use muzzles or tranquilizers and whether you will be able to watch a portion of the grooming. Make sure your dog has had all his vaccinations before visiting a professional groomer, since he will be around other dogs.

Grooming your dog allows you to closely monitor the condition of your dog's body. During weekly grooming sessions, you should run your hands over your dog's body to check for anything unusual that might indicate a health problem.

In particular, you should watch for skin problems and injuries, as well as fleas and ticks. If you notice anything that may require medical attention, contact your veterinarian. If your dog spends most of his time on grass or carpet, you may need to trim your dog's nails. Cutting the nail too short can cause bleeding. Do not use human toothpaste to brush your dog's teeth.

For example, you may not feel comfortable or confident enough to train your dog to perform certain tricks or commands. You may also have specific behavioral challenges with your dog, such as jumping up on people or pulling on a leash, that a training class can help with.

Remember, though, the goal of a training class is to give you the tools you need to continue to develop your relationship with your dog.

A training class is a helpful step in that process. If you decide to pursue professional training help, be aware that dog training is a self-regulated industry.

Limit your prospective choices only to appropriately certified trainers and take time to check references. Sit in on a training session before you select a trainer. You want to feel comfortable with whatever environment you choose. You will practice each task a few times during the class and then you will be expected to practice at home.

Getting When is it a good idea to consider individual training classes? Tip If your schedule prevents you from attending a training class on a regular schedule, you can find and hire a private dog trainer to give you and your dog one-on-one lessons.

You often have the choice between hosting these individual lessons at your home or taking your dog to a training location. Private training is also a good choice if your dog has specific behavioral challenges, such as aggression toward other dogs, that can be better addressed one on one. Started I have tried both group training and individual training, but neither works with my dog.

What else can I try? If your dog has some serious behavioral problems and training is not helping, consider working with a certified animal behaviorist. A board certified animal behaviorist specializes in helping pets and their owners tackle the most severe behavioral challenges.

Ask a veterinarian in your area for recommendations. Will we enjoy doing our homework as we strive to succeed? Dog training is not regulated by the government.

Cesar’s Rules: Your Way to Train a Well-Behaved Dog

Be sure to check the certification and references of any prospective trainer. For safety, your dog should either be restrained in a seatbelt harness or confined to his crate while you drive. Properly restraining your dog will help keep him settled and help prevent you from becoming distracted by your dog.

To help your dog become comfortable riding in your car, you should take him for short car rides on a regular basis, starting when he is a puppy. Make sure you take car rides to places your dog enjoys, such as the park or a friend's house. If you only take your dog for a car ride when he needs to go to the veterinarian, he will begin to associate the car with negative experiences.

To help prevent your dog from suffering from car sickness, avoid feeding him for several hours before a trip. Make sure that you always monitor your dog closely for signs of distress while on a car ride. You should not use a seatbelt harness to restrain a young puppy in a car.

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See page 62 for information on crate training your dog. Getting Should I allow my dog to ride in the car with his head out of the window?

Tip No. Allowing your dog to put his head out of the window while you are driving is dangerous, since debris from the road may strike your dog or get in his eyes. The danger also exists that your dog could be hit by a vehicle that passes too closely to your car. In addition, your dog's eyes can become dry and irritated due to the wind.

Allow him to explore the car, giving him lots of praise and treats. Make sure your dog is properly restrained in the car before the car moves. Started When is it safe to leave my dog in my car? It is never safe to leave your dog in a parked car. Temperatures inside a parked car can rise rapidly, even with the windows down.

While the temperature outside the car may feel cool and the day may be overcast, your car can still become hot enough to harm your dog.

Your dog will not be able to cool himself enough by panting in the car and he could even die as a result of overheating.

Check with your veterinarian for more information on how to deal with your dog's car sickness. Dog walkers are also ideal if you have mobility issues or are unable to exercise your dog properly. If you have a young puppy that is alone all day, you should choose a dog walker that will come several times a day. Some dog walkers also feed and provide water for dogs, play with them and give them medications when necessary. You should also find out how many dogs the dog walker exercises at once.

Dogs that are walked in a large group will not be as safe as dogs walked individually or in small groups. A good dog walker will know canine first aid and will not allow your dog off his leash unless he is in a safely fenced area. A dog walker should also leave you a note after each walk, informing you about the dog's behavior and any issues that need your attention, such as signs of illness.

The dog walker may also provide your dog with food, water and medications when needed. If the dog walker has a large group of dogs, managing all the dogs may be difficult.

At a dog day care, your dog will be able to spend the day supervised by day care staff while in the company of other dogs. You can consult with your veterinarian and with your local humane society to find a reputable dog day care in your area. A reputable dog day care will require proof that your dog has been immunized. At a dog day care, your dog can spend his day with other people and dogs while you are away.

Getting and you will want to be sure they have all had their immunizations. The staff at the day care you choose should also know canine first aid.

Before deciding on a day care, make sure the training method used at the day care is consistent with your own. Visit the day care to ensure that you are satisfied with the atmosphere and that the play areas are safe and secure. You should also look for a day care that has scheduled activities, including scheduled play times, meal times and crate times. Started housetraining and basic training. You should ensure that the day care's training methods and philosophy are similar to your own.

Here you will learn how to give a command and tips for effective dog training. You will also find out about the training equipment you will need. In addition, this chapter includes information on how to use rewards during training and the types of training rewards your dog may appreciate. When you train your dog using positive reinforcement, your dog learns to associate specific behaviors with receiving a reward.

For example, when you say the Sit command and the dog sits, praise him and give him a food treat. With practice, when your dog hears the Sit command, he will be more likely to sit again since he expects food treats and praise. This is the basis of positive reinforcement in dog training. For example, if your dog jumps up on you for attention, give a command that causes your dog to stop what he is doing, such as the Sit command.

When your dog obeys your command, praise him for the appropriate behavior. You can also ignore your dog until he stops jumping up and then give him the attention he wants when he is behaving appropriately. In situations where your dog is over-excited, you can positively deal with the behavior by temporarily removing him from the situation. With practice, when your dog hears the Sit command, he will sit so he can receive the praise and treat again.

Positive What should I do if I do not catch my dog in the act of misbehaving? Tip You should never punish your dog after he has misbehaved, since he will not know what he has done wrong if you do not stop him in the act of misbehaving. For example, if you come home and find that your dog has chewed on your favorite book, do not punish him.

Instead, you should take steps to prevent it from happening again, such as making sure your books are out of his reach or placing him in a confined area when you leave the house. Dog Training Fundamentals Can I prevent my dog from misbehaving? You can make sure your dog does not have the opportunity to misbehave by carefully supervising and managing your dog's environment.

Supervising your dog will allow you to redirect him before he has a chance to make a mistake. For example, if your dog often jumps up on you when you come home, you can quickly say the Sit command as your dog approaches you so he does not have the chance to jump up.

Everyone who lives with your dog should be involved in his training, though a responsible person should be in charge. When children are involved in training, ensure they are supervised at all times. Training sessions should begin in an environment with few distractions, such as a quiet room in your house. As your dog becomes comfortable with the commands, begin adding distractions, such as having other people in the room.

Training sessions should be short and occur frequently throughout the day. Try to incorporate training into your dog's daily routine. For example, practice the Wait command before letting your dog outside.

The person in charge of training must be willing to commit the time required to train your dog. Avoid training your dog when you have had a bad day or are feeling impatient. You may unintentionally take it out on your dog and make the training session unproductive.

For example, have your dog practice the Sit command before you put down his food bowl. I have an older dog. Will his age affect how I should train him? As your dog becomes comfortable with a command, you should begin giving the command in a variety of situations. For example, practice the command in different rooms in the house. Basic training includes mastering a proper walk, coming when called, sit, down, stay, and stand.

This last command arises from the belief that all commands should have a counter-command to release the dog from that action, which gives an owner control over situations until it is appropriate for the dog to relax. Throughout the book there are many useful tips on how to use treats as positive reinforcement, and how to phase them out, during training. This book offers many different perspectives on training in an even-handed entertaining fashion.

A variety of further references are supplied for those interested in more information on behavior and training and the notes and index are useful. Because of its wide focus it could be a basic tool for dog owners, especially those with little training experience. If they should have an accident, do not make a fuss about it. Be realistic about what your dog can understand. This is like trying to locate the one functional bathroom in a warehouse full of display ones.

It can be quite tricky.

Some older dogs may be afraid to do it on a lead. Find a safe open area near you where you can either allow your dog to run around or to fully extend a retractable lead.

The dog will probably choose to do it as far from you as possible. Make sure to reward him every time and as time goes by you may start to move closer or the dog may start reducing the distance himself.

As long as you continue providing him with the opportunity to get it right and rewarding him for it you will see improvement. That could make training slower than it should be. Come Back Teaching your dog to come to you is an absolute must. It is important to recognize that until you know you can reliably call your dog back to you, you should not allow him to run off lead in a public place.

Reward him with the treat or toy when you stop and he comes to you.


The dog is learning that coming to you is a positive thing. When it has become a consistent response to the command you can start training in new environments, importantly including outside. Do not let your dog off lead just yet as the outside distractions may make him forget the command at first. Use a retractable or a long lead. Practise in a safe enclosed outside area when you first start practising off lead to keep the dog safe. Practise in many different places and often, and increase the value of the treats as the distractions increase.

Make it really worthwhile for your dog to come to you and it will make him more reliable when it counts. Pulling at the Lead Unless you have huskies pulling you on a dog sled, you probably would not enjoy being pulled around by a dog, especially if you are lighter than the dog that is walking you.

Dogs may pull on the lead for many reasons. Perhaps they are following a scent or they have seen something they want to investigate. They might simply be in a hurry to get on with it. For any dog and owner this can be dangerous.Socialization is most critical during your puppy's first 18 weeks of life, but do not limit his new experiences after that time.

This will inevitably set back his socialization regimen, associating large groups of people in his home as a scary thing. Do not open the door if your dog whines or makes noise. Wiry coat requires weekly brushing.

You can choose which behaviour you would like to reward, but try to be consistent with what you expect of your dog.

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