Engineering Class handwritten notes, exam notes, previous year questions, PDF free download. Advanced Computer Architecture Parallelism, Scalability – Kai Hwang: Advance Computer Architecture. 10CS Page Reorder Buffer. Notes. Technology. • What is “Computer Architecture” Advanced uni-processor/single- chip architecture. – Will use .. Notes will not be provided for all discussions.

Advanced Computer Architecture Notes Pdf

Language:English, Dutch, Arabic
Genre:Politics & Laws
Published (Last):22.09.2016
ePub File Size:15.44 MB
PDF File Size:8.68 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Registration needed]
Uploaded by: LINDA

I am sharing witrh you the ebook of Advanced Computer Architecture for CS/IT Engineering students and you can download the PDF file. Also. Subject: ADVANCED COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE. Credits: 4 age, is no more limited to computer programmers and computer engineers. Rather than. advanced computer architecture lecture notes and advanced computer architecture and parallel processing | pdf free download.

Network properties and routing The goals of an interconnection network are to provide low-latency high data transfer rate wide communication bandwidth. Analysis includes latency bisection bandwidth data- routing functions scalability of parallel architecture These Network usually represented by a graph with a finite number of nodes linked by directed or undirected edges.

Network is symmetric if the topology is the same looking from any node; these are easier to implement or to program. Diameter: The maximum distance between any two processors in the network or in other words we can say Diameter, is the maximum number of routing processors through which a message must pass on its way from source to reach destination.

Thus diameter measures the maximum delay for transmitting a message from one processor to another as it determines communication time hence smaller the diameter better will be the network topology. By - Aniket Sugandhi Page no: 12 Follow us on facebook to get instant updates: fb. Higher connectivity is desirable as it minimizes contention.

Arch connectivity of the network: the minimum number of arcs that must be removed for the network to break it into two disconnected networks. Channel width :The channel width is the number of bits that can communicated simultaneously by a interconnection bus connecting two processors: Bisection Width and Bandwidth: In order divide the network into equal halves we require the remove some communication links. The minimum numbers of such communication links that have to be removed are called the Bisection Width.

Advanced computer architecture 15cs72 accessed by all

Bisection width basically provide us the information about the largest number of messages which can be sent simultaneously without needing to use the same wire or routing processor at the same time and so delaying one another , no matter which processors are sending to which other processors.

Thus larger the bisection width is the better the network topology is considered. Bisection Bandwidth is the minimum volume of communication allowed between two halves of the network with equal numbers of processors. This is important for the networks with weighted arcs where the weights correspond to the link width i.

The Larger bisection width the better network topology is considered. Cost the cost of networking can be estimated on variety of criteria where we consider the number of communication links or wires used to design the network as the basis of cost estimation, smaller the better the cost. It can be static as in case of hypercube routing network or dynamic such as multistage network.

Various type of data routing functions are Shifting, Rotating, Permutation one to one , Broadcast one to all , Multicast many to many , Personalized broadcast one to many , Shuffle, Exchange Etc. Network latency — worst-case time for a unit message to be transferred Bandwidth — maximum data rate. Hardware complexity — implementation costs for wire, logic, switches, connectors, etc.

Scalability — how easily does the scheme adapt to an increasing number of processors, memories, etc. Static interconnection networks Static interconnection networks for elements of parallel systems ex. Static interconnection networks can have many structures such as a linear structure pipeline , a matrix, a ring, a torus, a complete connection structure, a tree, a star, a hyper-cube. In linear and matrix structures, processors are interconnected with their neighbors in a regular structure on a plane.

A torus is a matrix structure in which elements at the matrix borders are connected in the frame of the same lines and columns.

In a complete connection structure, all elements ex. All elements of the tree nodes can be processors or only leaves are processors and the rest of nodes are linking elements, which intermediate in transmissions.

If from one node, 2 or more connections go to different nodes towards the leaves - we say about a binary or k-nary tree. If from one node, more than one connection goes to the neighboring node, we speak about a fat tree. A binary tree, in which in the direction of the root, the number of connections between neighboring nodes increases twice, provides a uniform transmission throughput between the tree levels, a feature not available in a standard tree. The hypercube structure is very advantageous since it provides a low network diameter equal to the degree of the cube.

The network diameter is the number of edges between the most distant nodes.

Advanced Computer Architecture (PDF lecture notes)

The network diameter determines the number in intermediate By - Aniket Sugandhi Page no: 14 Follow us on facebook to get instant updates: fb. In this respect the hypercubes have very good properties, especially for a very large number of constituent nodes.

Due to this hypercubes are popular networks in existing parallel systems. Dynamic interconnection networks Dynamic interconnection networks between processors enable changing reconfiguring of the connection structure in a system.

It can be done before or during parallel program execution. So, we can speak about static or dynamic connection reconfiguration. The dynamic networks are those networks where the route through which data move from one PE to another is established at the time communication has to be performed. Usually all processing elements are equidistant and an interconnection path is established when two processing element want to communicate by use of switches. Such systems are more difficult to expand as compared to static network.

Examples: Bus- based, Crossbar, Multistage Networks. Here the Routing is done by comparing the bit-level representation of source and destination addresses. If there is a match goes to next stage via pass- through else in case of it mismatch goes via cross-over using the switch. Mathematical Methods Mathematical Methods for Numerical Analysis and Optimization Mathematical Modeling and Simulation 7.

Mathematical Physics 2. Mathematical Statistics Mathematics Mathematics for Architecture 1. Mathematics for Computing 1. Matlab skills 2. Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Systems Design Mechanics Mechanics of Materials Mechatronics 3.

Media Laws and Ethics 3. Media Management 6. Medical Biochemistry 8. Medical ethics 1. Medical Genetics 2. Medical imaging 1. Medical Physics 2. Medical Sciences 1. Medicine Metallurgical Engineering 2. Metallurgy Metrology 1. Microbiology Microcomputers 5.

Microeconomics Microelectronic Circuits 3. Microprocessor and Assembly Language Programming Microprocessor and Interfacing 1. Microprocessors Microsoft Word Skills 3.

Microwave Engineering and Acoustics 2. Mineralogy and Mineral Processing 1. Mobile Computing Modern History 4. Monetary Systems 4. Moral Psychology Morphology and Syntax 3.

Motor Vehicle Design 6. MS Microsoft Excel skills 1. MS Microsoft Office skills 2.

Multimedia Applications 4. Multiprocessing Systems 1. Music Music and Technology: Algorithmic and Generative Music Music Information Retrieval 1. Music of India 4. Music Theory and Analysis Mycology 1. Nanotechnology 4. Network Analysis 2. Network and System Administration 2. Network Programming 3. Network security 9.

Network Theory Neuroanatomy 1. Neurology 4. Neuroscience 4. Noise Control 9. Nuclear Engineering 1.

Search form

Nuclear Physics Number Theory Numerical Methods in Engineering 6. Nursing 1. Nutrition Object Oriented Analysis and Design 3. Object Oriented Programming Obstetrics 1. Oceanography Oil Engineering 1. Oncology 1. Online Journalism 2. Operating Systems Operational Research Ophthalmology 8. Optics Optimization Techniques in Engineering 2. Options and Futures 6. Oral Biology 1.

Organic Chemistry Organization and Business Administration 1. Organization Behaviour Organization Theory and Design Organizational Development 2.

Organizations and Society Otorhinolaryngology 1. Pakistan Studies and Culture 7. Parallel Computing and Programming 1. Particle Physics Pathology Pathophysiology Pedagogy 1. Pediatrics Performance Evaluation 5. Performing Arts Personality Development 2. Pharmaceutical Analysis 7. Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmaceutical Microbiology 1. Pharmacognosy 1. Pharmacology Pharmacy Philosophy Philosophy 5. Philosophy of Law 2. Phonetics and Phonology 1.

Photogrammetry 1. Photovoltaic Systems 1. Physical Activity and Sport Sciences 7.

Related titles

Physical Chemistry Physics Physics Fundamentals 2. Physics of Energy Devices 8. Physics of semiconductor devices Physics of technological processes for Micro and Nano systems Physiology Physiotherapy 1.

Plant Biotechnology 2. Plant pathology 1. Playwriting and Drama Poetry Political Economy 5.

Political Philosophy 2. Political Science Political Sociology 5. Political Systems 1. Political Theory 2.

Power Distribution and Utilization 3. Power Electronics 6. Power Plant Engineering 2. Principles of Accounting Principles of Database Management 2. Principles of Marketing 4.

Principles of Theater Design 6.

Private law 4. Probability and Statistics Probability and Stochastic Processes 4. Process Control 3. Process Engineering 1. Production and Operations Management 9. Production Engineering Production Planning and Control Productivity and Time Management 1. Professional Communication for Pharmacists 1.

Programming Abstractions Programming for Engineers 2. Programming Languages Programming Methodologies Programming Paradigms Project Management Property Law Psychiatry 2. Psychoanalysis 1.

Psychological Data Psychology Psychology 1. Psychology of Games Psychology of Happiness 1. Psychology of Human Development 1. Psychology of learning 1. Psychology of Sex Psychotherapy Public finance 2. Public Health 6. Public Law 6. Public Policy 8.

Public Sociology 2. Quality Management 2. Quantitative Techniques Quantum Mechanics 4. Quantum Physics Radiography 1. Radioimmunoassay 1. Radiology Reasoning 3. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning 1.

Relativity Theory 1. Reliability of Electronics Communications 2. Religion 2. Religious Studies 1. Remedial Biology 5. Rent Control 1. Reporting and Production 1. Research Methodology Research Methods for Managers 2. Retail Marketing 4.

Risk Analysis 1. Robotics 9. Roman Law 1. Russian Language 2. Russian literature 2. Safety and Fire Engineering 7. Sales Management Science education Security Analysis Semiology 1. Semiotics 2. Service Management 3. Signal Processing and Analysis 1. Signals and Systems Theory Sistemi Comparati 1. Social change 1. Social Intelligence 5. Social Management 2. Social Networks Theory and Analysis 3. Social Psychology Social Psychology of Emotion 1.

Social representation 2. Social Sciences 1. Social Statistics and Data Analysis Social structure and social organization Social Theory 1. Social Welfare Social Work Society and Environment 2. Sociolinguistics 2. Sociological Theories 1. Sociology Sociology 3. Sociology of Crime and Punishment 3. Sociology of Deviance Sociology of Health and Illness Sociology of Law 3. Sociology of Organizations 1. Sociology of Religion 2. Sociology of Rituals and Ceremonies Sociology of Sciences 1.

Software Development 3. Software Development Methodologies Software Engineering Software Project Management Soil Mechanics and Foundations 1. Soil Physics 2. Solid State Physics 3. Space Flight Mechanics 1. Space Studies 1. Spanish Language 3. Sport Studies 1. Statics 1.

Statistical Physics 1. Statistics Statistics for Psychologists Stereochemistry 2. Strategic Management 8. Stress Analysis 6. Structural Analysis 7. Structural Design and Architecture Study of Commodities 2. Sustainability Management Sustainable Development 1. System Analysis and Design 5. System Programming Tax Legislation and Financial Law 9. Technical Drawing 1. Technical English 2. Technical Writing 7. Telecommunication electronics Telecommunications Engineering 2. Telemedicine 2.

Terrorist Networks and Counter-Terror Organizations 1. The Avant Garde in Literature and Cinema Theology 4. Theory of Automata Theory of Computation 1. Theory of Evolution 1. Theory of Machines 2. Thermal Analysis 1. Thermal Engineering 3. Thermodynamics Toxicology 1. Trade and Commerce 3. Trade Union Law 4. What are the tasks in finding the dependence in a program?

There are 3 tasks. They are Have good scheduling of code Determine which loop might contain parallelism Eliminate name dependence 8. Define dependence analysis algorithm. Dependence analysis algorithm is algorithm used to detect the dependence by the compiler based on the assumptions that Array indices are affine There exist GCD of the two affine indices 9. What is copy propagation? Copy propagation is the algebraic simplifications of expressions and an optimization which eliminates operation that copy values.

What is tree-height reduction technique? Tree-height reduction is optimization which reduces the height of the tree structure representing a computation, making it wider but shorter. What are the components of software pipeline loop? A software pipeline loop consists of a loop body, start- up code and clean-up code. Start up code is to execute code left out from the first original loop iterations.

Finish code to execute instructions from the last original iterations. What is trace scheduling? Trace scheduling is way to organize the process of global code motion it simplifies instruction scheduling by incuring the cost of possible code motion on the less critical paths.

List out steps used for trace scheduling. Trace selection.Few books have had as significant an impact on the way their discipline is taught, and the current edi- tion will ensure its place at the top for some time to come. Business Systems IP Multimedia Subsystems 2. Trace selection. Homework 4. Russian literature 2. Cognitive Development

SIXTA from Des Moines
I love reading comics absentmindedly . Browse my other articles. One of my extra-curricular activities is kite.