English for Business Studies - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book a Course for Business Studies and Economics Students by Ian Mackenzie. English for Business Studies Student's book: A Course for Business Studies and Economics Students Author: Ian MacKenzie Size Report. DOWNLOAD PDF . [PDF] Full English for Business Studies Student's Book: A Course for Business Book Details Author: Ian MacKenzie Pages: Binding.
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Download Free Ebook English for Business Studies Ian MacKenzie PDF A Course for Business and Studies and Economics Students. lanMacKenzie cM- T;;Eft8, il t$ i$ftu nglishfor usinessStudies coursefor Business Studies nd Economicsstudents ird Edition StudenttBook. A course for Business Studies and Economics students. English for. Business Studies Ian MacKenzie teaches at the Haute École de Gestion, Lausanne.
A research study of MELF interactions where nurses negotiated a patient handover simulation indicated that areas of unintelligibility represented a potential threat to patient safety, through misrecognition of vocabulary related to medication, as well as other areas of lexical imprecision.
Applying nonverbal cues was seen as being of importance to encourage simulated patients to express concerns, because silence may be interpreted as a sign of potential problems. Empathic doctor-patient communication then means not only mean understanding and sympathizing but having the ability to bridge the gap when patients are not willing to talk.
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An important issue when discussing ELF is the notion of speakers of ELF being active language users in their own right, who do not need to adhere to native speaker norms but use ELF to meet their communicative needs. One overarching factor seems to be a discrepancy between perceptions on the role of ELF in everyday interactions all over the globe on the one hand, and the dominance of as well as reliance on native speaker norms on the other hand.
In contrast, English as Lingua Franca users tend to focus on effective communication with speakers of other linguistic backgrounds.
In ELF interactions, intelligibility is key, which may not necessitate an advantage for native speakers see above. Debates in ELF[ edit ] Colin Sowden  opened the debate with a paper in which he discusses which version of English to teach to second language L2 learners.
Sowden claims that Standard English, especially British English, has a colonial baggage that still affects the status of English in post-colonial countries and it is this negative value that has led ELF researchers to an attempt to describe and posit a neutralized version of English and to make it a universal one that belongs to every speaker, both native and second language speakers. Sowden argues that introducing ELF in ELT will lead to differences between schools where this is implemented, and schools which have the freedom to use a native standard model, favouring the latter.
For Sowden, the use of multilingual and local teachers can also be beneficial for L2 learners, as these teachers have knowledge of the local culture and spoken languages and the constraints they have on learning English. The way forward according to Sowden is to focus on communicative ability, not on universal conformity.
Secondly, Cogo draws on the importance of studying accommodation in ELF interactions by emphasising the different ways in which people adjust their English at the level of words, grammar and discourse in ELF communication instead of focusing on the core features of ELF as suggested by Sowden.
Sowden argues that ELF researchers encourage ELF speakers to use specific varieties of English over others, an argument that Cogo refutes by stating that researchers only use empirical data to show what happens in ELF interactions, and never to tell speakers what to use.
Cogo further cites various studies in the field that have demonstrated that ELF communication is fluid and innovative, with an emphasis on highly variable linguistic forms.
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English for Business Studies Student's Book : A Course for Business Studies and Economics Students
Cancel Forgot your password? Between and , Mr. His professional work includes mergers and acquisitions, private equity, the formation of joint ventures, corporate governance, capital markets and corporate finance.
From the Law Faculty of the Chicago University, a course for which he was selected under a paid scholarship by the Estudar Foundation. She joined the corporate world in , at Whirlpool.
At Google, she created the Ethics Committee, of which she was a member. At Samsung, she created and implemented the Compliance Department in all Latin America, as well as the Ethics Committee, of which she was also a member.
She joined the in July to implement the Compliance department.Successfully reported this slideshow.
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