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Pronoun case in Compound structures v. Do so One vs. You That vs. Parallel Structure. Wordiness ii. Redundancy iii. The Subjunctive Mood Number Agreement.. The use of Where Each other vs.
One another.. Whether vs.
Twice vs. Prepositions or Conjunctions? For vs. Like vs. Such As The use of Only.. Due to vs. Because of Less vs.
Greater vs. Will vs. Would vs. Between vs. The use of Apostrophe with Plural Nouns The use of Punctuation Rather than vs. Instead of Subordination and Coordination The use of Double Negatives..
Questions 1 Topic-wise Question Break-up Grid While conceptually it appears simple and straightforward, the GMAT has several ways of complicating things, as we will discover later in this chapter. A very simple example of a Subject-Verb mismatch could be the sentence: The students has taken the test The singular verb has does not agree with the plural subject students. A determine whether the soldier will be the victor or the B determines whether the soldier will be the victor and the C determine whether the soldier should be the victor and the D determines whether the soldier will be the victor or the E determine if the soldier will be the victor or the vanquished.
Ask yourself whether it should be determine or determines?
Since it is the singular ability and not the plural enemies that determines, the correct option should be the singular determines and no, adding an s to a verb does not make it plural; this actually makes it singular in most cases.
How can the soldier be both the victor and the loser? Sounds simple enough, right? If you see large parts of a sentence separated by a comma, it might be a good idea to ignore the part between commas and read the rest of the sentence as a whole. For example Nuclear fusion, one of the most effective ways of separating carbon and oxygen atoms, are being used with deadly intent by some countries. In this sentence, seeing the plural are next to the plural atoms, you could get tricked into thinking that the sentence is correct the way it is written.
To avoid such confusion, omit the part between commas, and the error will immediately become obvious to you how can nuclear fusion take the plural verb are? Thus the correct sentence will read: Nuclear fusion, one of the most effective ways of separating carbon and oxygen atoms, is being used with deadly intent by some countries. This is obviously incorrect, since the subject is the singular artist but the verb is the plural are. The sentence tries to confuse you by ending the relative clause with the plural students.
The correct sentence will read, The Spanish artist, who is one of the worlds leading exponents of Salsa and is known to have taught thousands of students, is living in exile.
In this sentence, the subject is the plural animals, so the verb must be the plural are and not the singular is. Remember, in case of a prepositional phrase in the zoo , the subject is always before the preposition and NOT after it exceptions to this rule are words used to express quantity that we will see later in this chapter. This second exile is primarily religious, as the Grail world is linked to Christianity and described as a mythical Christian world on earth. Choosing not to govern his own kingdom makes this self-chosen exile also a political one.
For the most part, his adult life is couched in mystery and silence. He drops in and out of the story, as if to remind us on occasion that he is still there, searching for the Grail and its community. The Grail commu- nity, residing in a secret place, itself lives in exile, as only those whom God has called can join them. Lapsit Exillis: Parzival and the Grail in Exile There are many attributes that make up the qualities and mysteries of the Grail,19 but one of the descriptors of the Grail provided by Wolfram deserves special attention in the context of exile.
William C. In: Arthuriana Poag: Wolfram von Eschenbach. New York: Twayne Here Pp. Auf dieser Basis wurden u.
Combined with further emendations of the spellings of the second word ex s illis to ex celis it becomes the stone from heaven, or to elixir the stone of the wise, or as exilii as the stone of exile or diaspora.
No emendation is necessary to give the phrase lapsit exillis a log- ical meaning: the Grail fell into exile when it was moved out of the heav- enly realm during the battle between Lucifer and the Trinity, and was placed into the care of humans, namely the Grail family.
None of the renderings of the phrase based on these emendations has won exclusive recognition, nor have scholars so far seriously considered any reading with the verb form lapsit.
Stuttgart: Metzler We are not even sure that the particular spelling in the Lachmann text among the several manuscript variants is the one originally intended by Wolfram. This is not unique to this phrase, as in many other places throughout the text, notably with names of people and locations, Wolfram is equally obscure, playful and multi-valent with his puns and comments, which critics have studied,25 yet they have not or understudied word plays regard- ing the Grail.
The phrase lapsit exillis without any emendations makes sense as a descriptor for the Grail: it is, after all, placed onto earth into the care of humans and out of the direct care of angels, and thus exists in exile from the heavenly realm; the Grail is no longer part of paradise, though it maintains the same functions that paradise had for Adam and Eve before the fall, namely that of producer of food and drink and giver of life.
In: Hasty n. Yearbook of the Society for Medieval German Studies 1 Parzival leaps into exile throughout his life i. As the lapis ex celis, the stone from heaven, the Grail provides the link between the spiritual and physical worlds that Parzival needs to learn, in order to reconcile in himself his Arthurian and his Grail heritage.
To achieve this, he needs wisdom. As the story shows, the expectations, demands and responsi- bilities placed on Parzival are frequently in conflict with each other, which is why he searches for the lapis elixir, the stone of the wise. The Grail world and the miracle feeding by the Grail were as close to paradise as Parzival has ever been.
Therefore, he experiences being cast out from the Grail world as a lap- sit ex celis in conjunction with the lapsit exilii: he leaps from heaven and falls into exile.
Aristotle Prep GMAT Sentence Correction Grail 3rd Edition Sample
Or is it the symbol of humility that Parzival must learn in the course of his spiritual development? Probably all of these things to a certain extent, but not exclusively. He could have given up and found a home with his wife or in the Arthurian world.
But being called to the Grail is not something easily ignored. As Trevrizent tells Parzival, every mother con- siders herself happy, if her child is called to serve the Grail.
Therefore, he will fight for this goal all his life, no matter the 29 The connection between Parzival and Adam, esp. For a discussion of this connection, see also Murdoch n. This journey of exile leads him to personal maturity.
Now nu ist ez anders umb iuch komn: turn your mind to humility. Swisher notes that Parzival is able to attain a state of Christian redemption precisely because he has sinned and thereby come to a recognition and a love of God. It is sin that quali- fies Parzival for that which he is destined to have. Herein lies the paradox of his 32 Swisher n.
In: Arthurian Literature and Christianity. Notes from the Twen- tieth Century. New York- London: Garland Just being next in line no longer suffices.
He fails miserably when presented with the opportunity to walk away with the prize that apparently is rightfully his. Mysteriously, the only knight worthy of this greatest of all prizes is found to be unworthy.
The Grail itself rejects the master it has chosen. But only through this failure is his later success made possible. For more examples of collective nouns, check the previous section on Grammar review. If you have marked are as the correct option, you are wrong, because each is singular; so the correct verb should be is.
5. Adverb ......19 6. Preposition ...20
Here is a list of some other commonly confused singular subjects: The number is singular The number of students standing outside the office is increasing. A number is plural A number of students are standing outside the office.
When discussing fractions or percentages, always get the verb to agree with the subject after the preposition. This is an exception to the preposition rule discussed earlier.
For example, Half of the furniture is here But Half of the books are here When discussing majority, remember that majority by itself is singular but when majority refers to a set of people it is plural. For example, A majority is always right. A majority of students are right. Consider this sentence: Which one do we go with, the singular belongs or the plural belong?
The answer is the plural belong. In general, remember the following structure for such sentences: He is one of the students who study here. Any of the members who disagree may leave the committee. This is one of the questions that are incorrect. However, please do not confuse this construction with the one below: One of the chairs is broken not are broken The structure for such sentences is: Usually in a sentence the subject always precedes the verb, but sometimes the GMAT can reverse this order, so that the verb comes before the subject.
For example, Through the Golden Eagle River sails thousands of ships every day. In the above sentence, the singular verb sails is not referring to the singular Golden Eagle River but to the plural thousands of ships.
Hence, the correct verb will be the plural sail. Through the Golden Eagle River sail thousands of ships every day.
We have already discussed what indefinite pronouns are in the previous section of this book. While most indefinite pronouns are plural, there are a few that can be both singular and plural depending on the context.
GMAT Sentence Correction Grail 3rd Edition
These are all, none, some, any, most - Some of the students are in the class - Some of the water is in the glass. Tips for Subject Verb Agreement questions:. If the sentence is very long, omit the part between commas Collective nouns are almost always singular Whenever you see the words each, every, and, as well as, or, etc. Subject-Verb Agreement Practice Drill Go through each of the following sentences and try to identify whether the subject is singular or plural. Accordingly get the subject to agree with the correct verb form.
Some of the sentences may be correct as written i. Through the toll plaza crosses thousands of cars everyday. In this poorly designed building, there is a lack of parking space and an abundance of pillars. Subject-Verb Agreement Practice Drill - Explanations The subject and verb have been highlighted for easy identification. The plural subject motorcycles and scooters requires the plural verb have. In such or constructions the verb needs to agree with the subject closer to it i.
The plural subject scooters obviously requires the plural verb have. The subject is after or i.
The use of each always requires the singular verb, in this case has. Dont let the and confuse you, the use of every always requires the singular verb, in this case has. The last word snack should give you a hint that the two items Popcorn and Pepsi are actually considered one single item in this sentence and hence requires the singular verb is. As in the earlier sentence, the last word snacks implies that Popcorn and Pepsi are considered two different items and hence require the plural verb are.
In neither. Hence the singular subject director requires the singular verb was. Hence the plural subject actors requires the plural verb were.
Neither and either by themselves are always singular and require the singular verb. In the case of prepositional phrases, the subject is always before the preposition. In this sentence the preposition is of, making group the subject.
The singular subject group obviously requires the singular verb believes. When majority is used to refer to a group of people citizens , it requires a plural verb. A number is always plural and requires a plural verb.
The number is always singular and requires a singular verb. This is an inverted sentence in which the subject thousands is coming after the verb crosses. Obviously the plural subject thousands requires the plural verb cross.
Along with is an additive phrase and the subject is always before the additive phrase.
Hence, the plural subject gardens requires the plural verb make. As well as is an additive phrase and the subject is always before the additive phrase. Hence, the singular subject CEO requires the singular verb is. Hence, the plural subject trainess requires the plural verb are. There are two characteristics of the building a lack of parking space and an abundance of pillars.
Since the two are connected using and, we have a compound or plural subject that requires the plural verb are. The subject is before the preposition of. The singular subject incidence requires the singular verb is. The sentence is not talking about multiple errors but the one that is the simplest thereby making the subject singular. The use of and gives us a plural subject that requires the plural verb are.
The singular subject happiness requires the singular verb lasts. The singular subject everyone requires the singular verb contributes. The subject is one book i. In this case the verb that agrees with the singular subject one is the is at the end of the sentence before mine. However, for the verb in question, the subject is the plural books, so we require the plural verb are.
In this sentence ten years is considered one single entity and hence requires the singular verb is. A car has two things a brake and an accelerator. Since the two are connected by and, we get a plural subject that requires a plural verb are. John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for making international calls.
A B C D E is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, leading to a lowering of rates for which is currently working on a new project to revolutionize the telecommunication industry and also lead to lower rates for who is currently working on a new revolutionary project in the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for has been currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry as well as lower the rates for.
Miroslav Klose, with 14 goals to his credit, is the second leading goal scorer in football World Cups, bettered only by Ronaldos 15 goals. A B C D E bettered only by Ronaldos 15 goals bettered only by Ronaldo, who has 15 goals to his name only bettered by Ronaldos 15 goals bettered only by Ronaldo and his 15 goals only bettered by Ronaldo, having 15 goals to his name. Priscilla and I was punished by the teacher for not completing the assignment on time.
A B C D E Priscilla and I was punished by the teacher Priscilla as well as me were punished by the teacher Priscilla and me were punished by the teacher Priscilla as well as I was punished by the teacher The teacher punished Priscilla and I. As an expert at repairing all kinds of electrical engines, the new project involving the repair and maintenance of pumping motors in all the buildings of the condominium was just the kind of assignment Edward had been looking for.Bhagath Gottipati.
Through the Golden Eagle River sail thousands of ships every day. Lapsit Exillis: Parzival and the Grail in Exile There are many attributes that make up the qualities and mysteries of the Grail,19 but one of the descriptors of the Grail provided by Wolfram deserves special attention in the context of exile.
For example: Neither of Johns friends are is here 4 Collective Nouns Collective nouns are almost always singular. Whether vs. The sentence tries to confuse you by ending the relative clause with the plural students. They may take grief head on, refuse consolation, make all trouble their own, and cry out against real or imag- ined injustices.
For a discussion of this connection, see also Murdoch n. For vs. Jump to Page.
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