NOISE. POLLUTION chap European Green Capital Award Nantes . . raudone.info PDF | Noise pollution is a major problem in cities around the world. WHO Guideline on Community Noise and follows. its format. The guideline provides an . COPIES OF DOCUMENTS TO THE MEETING. Agenda Item affected by chemical pollution, cetaceans are affected by noise pollution. At present, noise is .
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Though noise pollution is a slow and subtle ABSTRACT The study examines the problem of noise pollution in the wake of its ill effect on the life of the people. potential health effect.s of noise pollution are numerous, pervasive, persistent, and Coines and Hagler* Noise Pollution: A Modern Plague. raudone.info). . Noise and follows its format.' The guideline .. raudone.info Accessed. Health Concerns. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognize the harmful health effects of noise pol-.
Perhaps the most serious problem created by sound pollution is the impact it has on our health.
Environmental Noise Pollution in the United States: Developing an Effective Public Health Response
As a result, noise pollution has also been linked with health problems such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and stroke. Noise pollution can also impact sleep quality by preventing sleep and disrupting sleep cycles. And, perhaps most significantly, because chronic stress can lower your immunity to all disease, noise pollution is a general threat to health and wellness. Headache due to continuous exposure of sound. Increase in the rate of heart-beat.
Narrowing of arteries.
Digestive spasms through anxiety. Lowering of concentration and effect on memory.
Muscular strain and nervous breakdown. Depression and fatigue which considerably reduces the efficiency of a person.
Insomnia as a result of lack of undisturbed and refreshing sleep. Straining of senses and annoyance as a result of slow but persistent noise from motorcycle, alarm clock, cell bells, telephone rings and so on. Affecting of psychomotor performance of a person by a loud sound.
Acknowledgements Preface Chapter 1: Environmental Noise Pollution Abstract 1. Principles of Environmental Noise Abstract 2.
Environmental Noise and Health Abstract 3. Strategic Noise Mapping Abstract 4. Results from the First Phase 4. Transportation Noise Abstract 5. Industrial and Construction Type Noise Abstract 6. Noise Mitigation Approaches Abstract 7. The Noise Action Planning Process 7. Conclusions and Future Directions Abstract 8.
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You are connected as. Connect with: Use your name: Thank you for posting a review! We value your input. Introduction Urban noise can be considered one of the main sources of pollution.
Methods This study was conducted in two stages: Exposed and non-exposed areas The study was conducted in the city of Porto, which is the second-largest city of Portugal, with an area of Open in a separate window.
Figure 1. Selected Zones 1 to 6 in the Porto city, Portugal, Google Maps. Urban soundscape: Leisure time The selected urban parks included an exposed park, Quinta do Covelo, and a non-exposed park, Parque da Cidade.
At work The selected streets were located in Baixa do Porto, which comprises the central area of the city, where the largest commercial streets are.
At home The selected residential areas were two low-income housing neighborhoods in the city of Porto. Health survey A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to May to evaluate the perception and annoyance in the urban soundscapes: For data collection, three types of questionnaires were developed for each urban soundscape, which were divided in sections: Results Validation of exposed and non-exposed areas In all points measured, the difference between L eq measured and L eq calculated was lower than 4.
Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 6. Figure 4. Figure 5. Figure 7.
About Sumit Thakur
Table 1 Exposure areas and energetic average in urban soundscapes leisure, work and home. Health survey One hundred and eighty individuals were interviewed, 60 in each of the three defined scenarios. Table 2 Demographic characteristics, perception of noise sources, annoyance and other effects caused by exposure to noise, and perception of environmental problems according to the interviewees in each urban soundscape leisure, work and home.
Leisure time The majority UrbanUrban soundscape: At home Among the interviewees, Table 3 Multivariate ordered logistic regression model for the annoyance regarding noise. Figure 8. Annoyance in relation to noise exposure Lden e Ln. Discussion The importance of noise maps to represent the acoustic situation deriving from noise sources is unquestionable.
Footnotes Source of Support: Nil Conflict of Interest: References 1.
World Health Organization; World Health Report: Prevention of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss; p. Noise Control Act of Public Law Identification of Major Noise Sources.
Noise Criteria and Control Technology. Schafer RM. New York: Alfred A Knopf; The Tuning of the World; p. Int J Health Geogr. Perception of soundscapes: An interdisciplinary approach. Appl Acoust. Using the soundscape approach to develop a public space in berlin — measurement and calculation. J Acoust Soc Am.
Nilsson ME. Soundscape quality in urban open spaces. Proc Inter Noise. Environmental Noise Directive. European Parliament, Council. Portuguese Environment Agency. Ministry of Environment, Spatial Planning and Energy.
Noise General Regulation. Available from: Projeto NBR Rio de Janeiro: European Comission: WG-AEN; Zannin PH, Szeremetta B.
Cad Saude Publica. The Soundscape quality in some urban parks in Milan, Italy. Petian A.
Nguyen TA, Semidor C. Geneva, Switzerland: PLEA; Relationship between urban activities and soundscape: Commercial areas in Bordeaux and Hanoi. Schulte-Fortkamp B, Fiebig A.
Soundscape analysis in a residential area: An evaluation of noise and people's mind. Acta Acust United Acust. Annoyance from transportation noise: Environ Health Perspect.
Effects of traffic composition on road noise: A case study. Transp Res D Transp Environ. Preventing disease through healthy environments: Towards an estimate of the environmental burden of disease; p.
Exploring the relationship between noise sensitivity, annoyance and health-related quality of life in a sample of adults exposed to environmental noise.
Miedema HM. Annoyance caused by environmental noise: Elements for evidence-based noise policies. J Soc Issues.Up until the s governments tended to view noise as a "nuisance" rather than an environmental problem. The limit is an equivalent continuous average exposure level over 24 hr [L EQ 24 ]. Aircraft noise can be reduced by using quieter jet engines. High pitched noise pollution at our guide 14th edition review. Census Bureau , and assuming noise levels have not changed since then, we estimate that at least April 1, —July 1, Open in a separate window.
The regulations requires promulgation of traffic noise-level criteria for various land use activities, and describe procedures for the abatement of highway traffic noise and construction noise. In this study, we aim to extend the literature by exploring the socio-spatial variations of diversified noise pollution in Beijing and developing a comprehensive conceptual framework to examine the relationships between noise pollution and self-reported symptoms of mental health, taking into account a wide range of objective and subjective measures [ 47 , 65 ].
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