MY APPOINTMENT WITH A PSYCHOLOGIST PDF

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My Appointment with a Psychologist by Krish Nair & Anoop T. How to read this Book? Personality is a subject matter of psychology, the life history of a single. e-book "My Appointment with a Psychologist" by Krish Nair and Anoop T. Unnikrishnan (Authors). SSB Preparation Material Download Free PDF [All Sets]. My Appointment With A Psychologist eBook Download for FREE. Affairs Questions and Notes September [PDF] · Current Affairs August eBook PDF.


My Appointment With A Psychologist Pdf

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MY APPOINTMENT WITH PSYCHOLOGIST. This ebook is a personality development book and a product of many minds. This is a result of compiling the true. Download My Appointment With a Psychologist. Recommended. My Appointment Appointment With a Psychologist · My Appointment with a raudone.info Home · My Appointment With a Psychologist. My Appointment With a Psychologist. Click the start the download. DOWNLOAD PDF. Report this file. Description.

These three techniques thus present a three dimensional picture of the aspirant. There is a two stage selection procedure.

The Stage I testing process Day 1 consists of 1.

Picture Perception and Discussion Test. Psychological Testing Day 2 a. Thematic Apperception Test. Word Association Test. Situation Reaction Test. Self Description Test. Group Testing Day 3 and 4 a. Group Discussions. Group Planning Exercise c. Progressive Group Task. Group Obstacle Race. Half Group Task. Individual Obstacles. Command Task. Final Group Task. The Interview is carried out by an Interviewing Officer on the day, the aspirant is available. Final Conference Day 5 A final conference of all the three assessors who have been assessing each aspirant is held.

Each aspirant is discussed and based on the assessment of all the three assessors, the aspirant is termed to be recommended or not for Stage II.

Those declared medically fit are recommended for selection. Thereafter, a Merit List of aspirants are prepared. Depending upon the number of vacancies, call letters are sent to the aspirants who make it in the Merit, directing them to report to the Training Institutes.

Because, you are being taken to lead the men in war. For your men, your orders would mean the difference between life and death. One wrong person selected can pose a threat to lives of many people. The SSB s would never select the wrong people and reject the right ones. Let me give you a common example. Suppose, you go to download a gold coin.

The jeweller hands you the coin and you look at it in awe, by its glittering external appearance. By chance, you happen to slide your fingers over it and notice some particles coming off. Now in doubt, you slightly rub the coin and find there is only a gold polish upon the surface and observing underneath, you found it to be made of some other metal. Frankly tell me, would you like to download such a coin?

This is exactly the same way, the SSB s function as a whole. They just slide their fingers over the aspirants using their primary techniques Stage I testing and see the 22 particles of artificial behaviour coming off. Next, they rub you over and above, thus revealing your unnatural and facade personality Stage II testing. As you didn t download the above coin, they don t want to download you either.

On my discussion with a Senior Psychologist, I encountered a disheartening truth. He told me that some aspirants genuinely possess the attributes of becoming an officer, if not every one. But where the problem lies is that, they put a hard shield of artificiality upon themselves and lose flexibility. Now as mentioned above, the SSB s have got loads of weapons in their armour, to rip and blow off even the toughest of the shields that has been put up.

And the result? Please take the courtesy to imagine. When I am speaking of the aspirants who possess the qualities of becoming an officer, I would like to quote some important points, which I think should make a difference in thinking.

The selection at the entry level in the private world is done on as required basis and has the Best Fit philosophy, meaning that the best of the lot is selected. The Armed Forces has a Right Fit philosophy, wherein the Selection Centres are not aware of the vacancies and they recommend aspirants for selection, whom they find fit for the services. The wide perception gap between the Best Fit and Right Fit is matter of worry and this leads to unnecessary Competition. Throughout the history of Services Selection System, Competition only and itself has never been instrumental nor capable to push the performances to win the recommendation.

During our childhood days, we all have come across the story of Six Blind Men and the Elephant. We know the story, of how the men were given the opportunity to individually touch and feel the elephant and draw a conclusion as to how an elephant looks. Each person perceived the elephant as per his senses. Same is the case with the aspirant s perception of SSB s. We say and do things, which we have learnt from somewhere, regardless of realizing what the situation is.

For instance, no soon do we listen to the topic in the group discussions, than we start Yes Gentlemen I think We compete mutually.

We pay no heed to the Stimulus, bye-pass it and directly Respond. We don t see as to what is the demand of the situation and act aimlessly. The natural and simple approach is the Stimulus - Response approach. It is Mother Nature s way of helping human beings thrive on planet Earth. Throughout the book, I have tried to explain this approach.

So, you can read further to know details. Try to go into the realm and depth of what is mentioned and you will feel the change. Stimulus Response In order to bring a change into our personality, we must know how the personality is formed over a period of time.

Is it something a few lucky people are born with a gift from the Gods? Or is it within the reach of everyone? If it can be acquired, then why doesn t everyone develop the kind of personality that will bring him success, popularity and happiness that everyone wants? If it can be acquired, then why so many people have the personalities that bring them the things they do not want: failure, unhappiness and lack of social acceptance?

The term personality is derived from the Latin word persona which means mask. To disapprove the traditional belief that personality is some nebulous, mysterious quality, the studies have suggested that the personality pattern is something that can be objectively observed in the speech and actions of the individuals and measured with a relative degree of accuracy. Of all the definitions of personality, the most widely accepted is the short, but all including definition proposed by psychologist Gordon W.

Allport of Harvard University. He said: Personality is the dynamic organization, within the individual, of those psycho-physical systems, that determine his characteristic behavior or thought. If we analyze the key words in the above definition, it will give us a comprehensive meaning and convey how much stress Allport has placed on Motivation. It points that personality is not just the sum 27 of traits, one added to another, but rather that the different traits or manifest aspects of the personality pattern are held together and influenced by a central core, called the Concept of Self b Dynamic: Dynamic refers to constantly or changing nature to personality.

Not only does the personality become more complex in structure as the individual s physical and psychological characteristics, but from time and from situation to situation, there are changes in structural organization. The changes are not radical nor are they necessarily permanent. They are, in effect, fluctuations in the intensity of traits already present. They are thus quantitative rather than qualitative changes. The dynamic nature of personality accounts for the difficulty experienced in trying to measure it.

Within the individual, these systems lie behind specific acts and influence the form they will take. Once an attitude, belief, habit, sentiment or some other element of psychophysical systems has been aroused by a stimulus, either from the environment, or within the individual, it provokes and expresses adjective act which are characteristic form of expression of that individual.

Even the behavior and concepts that people apparently share with others are in reality individual. Some, of course, are less idiosyncratic than other but none lacks a personal flavor. And what the person does mainly is adjust to environment, though he may also reflect on it. This means that patterns of behavior, determined by the psycho-physical systems within the individual, are not aimless, but are directed towards goal of fitting the individual into the physical and social environment in which he lives.

Personality is Unique As Allport has said, each person is unique and never repeated phenomenon. Each person is unique in that, it differs from all other patterns in the combination and organization of its constituent traits, in the strength of different traits, and in its core- the person s concept of himself. While a person s attributes may be qualitatively similar to those of other people, each of his attributes differs quantitatively from those of other.

You may, for example, find any number of brave men, but each man s bravery will differ quantitatively from that of the other. As Allport pointed out, Nature s method of sexual reproduction guarantees superlatively novel genetic equipment for every mortal that is born. Each of the 46 chromosomes that appear in a newly formed cell which will eventually develop into a new human being contains approximately 30, genes or carriers of individual traits. The likelihood of duplication of this hereditary endowment, as has been estimated is, one in billion.

It is therefore important to define the environment, since two individuals may behave differently only because; they are, by chance encountering different conditions. No two human beings with the possible exception of identical twins have even the potentiality of developing alike, especially when to all these genetic difference we add the differences that will occur in the environment and experiences of each mortal person.

B Factors or Hereditary Factors. Both of these vary from person to person. Furthermore, the effect of environmental simulation is influenced by others, past and present, both constitutional and environmental.

Even when the hereditary endowment is identical, as in identical twins, 30 the chances of an identical environment of identical life experiences, and of identical reactions and interactions are believed to be zero. Role of Heredity The personality pattern is inwardly determined by and closely associated with the maturing of physical and mental characteristics which constitute the individual s hereditary endowment. Although, social and other environmental factors affect the form the personality pattern takes, it is not instilled or controlled from without but evolves from the potentials within the individual.

The principle raw materials of personality physique, intelligence and temperament are results of heredity. How they will develop will depend on environmental influences. Concept of Self The personality pattern is composed of core or center of gravity called the Concept of Self and integrated systems of learned responses, called traits.

These are interrelated, with the core influencing the traits, which are the individual s characteristic methods of adjustment to life situation.

To show the inter-relationship, the pattern can be compared to a wheel in which the hub represents the concept of self and the spokes represent the traits. Just as the spokes of the wheel are held in position and, thus influenced by the hub, so the traits are influenced by the Concept of Self.

Traits The personality pattern is unified multi-dimensional structure in which the Concept of Self is the core or center of gravity. Into this structure are integrated many pattern of response tendencies, known as traits which are closely related to and influenced by the Concept of Self. The major function of traits is to integrate lesser habits, attitudes and skills into larger thought-feeling-action patterns.

The Concept of Self is the true core or center of gravity of the pattern. Personality traits have been described and defined in many ways though most of the descriptions and definitions are similar in that they include certain common salient points. A trait has been described as an aspect of dimension or personality which consists of a group of related and consistent reaction characteristic of person s typical adjustment. All descriptions and definitions of traits emphasized that traits are learned tendencies to: a Evaluate situations in a predictable way and b React in a manner which the person has found more or less successful in similar situations and when similarly motivated.

As a result, the traits while being predictable are not automatic acts which occur in the same form every time they are aroused by the core of personality pattern-concept of Self. Allport has stressed the role of learning in bringing about slight variations a predictable manner a person adjusts to situations. The trait clusters are divided into two categories; Surface and Source traits.

Surface traits are those that show the influence of environmental molding and which therefore vary in different cultures. Source traits are environmental or constitutional factors so basic that they apply in any culture and influence many difference surface traits. Characteristics of Traits Every trait has three characteristics: Uniqueness, degree of likeableness and consistency.

Like intelligence, it is distributed as per normal distribution curve with most people clustering around the mean or the average in any particular trait. These attitudes towards result from social learning in a particular cultural setting and are almost universal within the culture.

Consistency like uniqueness is 33 relative.

A person may be self-confident in a situation because he has mastered the skills needed to adjust to it and has experienced success in similar situations and vice-versa. Role of Learning Attitudes towards self, characteristic modes of responding to people and situations, attitudes towards the assumption of socially approved roles, and methods of personal and social adjustment, including the use of defense mechanisms are learned through repetition and are reinforced by the satisfaction they bring.

Gradually, the Concept of Self is built up and the learned responses become habitual constituting the traits in the individual s personality pattern.

Social pressures within and outside the home determines what traits will be incorporated into the pattern. Knowing that learning plays an important role in the development of the personality pattern, it is important for two reasons a Firstly, it tells us that control can be exercised within hereditary limitations, to ensure that the individual will develop the kind of personality pattern that will lead to good personal and social adjustments.

But, it is not totally inherited. It is a product of learning during the course of prolonged social relationships with people both within and outside home. Three major factors are up in determining the development of personality pattern namely Individual s hereditary endowment, Early experiences within the family and Important events in later life outside the home environment.

How different environmental influences affect personality development is illustrated in the figure below: 35 Moulding the Personality It is, by now a well established fact that the environment plays a very important role in moulding a personality.

Studies also show that personality moulding begins early in life and that the early years are the critical ones. Once the foundation is laid, the environmental influences become less important with each passing year. The environmental sources of personality molding include the family, the school, the peer group, mass media, religion and person s occupation. Studies of long term persistence show that relatively minor changes occur in the Concept of Self or the person s characteristic method of adjusting to life.

It is not easy to change the concept of self of an individual after he has crossed a certain age, since it is made of attitudes, values, beliefs and aspirations which are established early in life and become fixed with age.

The core qualities or the source qualities are more determined by heredity. They are inborn and innate traits which persist despite environment. An intelligent person can put up a front and hide it with his intelligence and skills, but they will always surface when under stress.

Those qualities or traits which are 36 built up through learning and influenced by the environment ie surface traits can be changed. In sum, the core of the personality pattern preserves the balance of traits within the pattern and thus lends stability to the pattern.

Some traits are less stable than the other. Stability increases throughout childhood and by the end of adolescence most traits have become fixed.

Personality traits closely associated with the biological structure and heredity viz the source or the core qualities are more stable and then thus less amendable to changes through training. Least stable are those which involve social relations and in our context most of the surface traits. Hence, these can be moulded. The aspirants who get recommended in Stage I are retained for further testing, while others are sent back.

Verbal and Non verbal IQ Tests. Picture Story Writing. Individual Picture Story Description for about 1 minute. Group Discussion on the Story. They consist of simple linguistic, logical, analytical, and mathematical questions to test the basic common sense. The Non-Verbal tests and its contents are given in the representation below 4. Picture Perception and Description test. Picture Perception and Discussion Test Story writing Group Discussion 40 In this test, you will be shown a picture for about 30 seconds; one minute is give to determine the age, sex, mood of the person and to write the action.

The next 4 minutes is given to write a story on the same. After that a group of aspirants are made to sit in front of the assessors for the discussion test which is the second part of the PPDT. We have observed every time, even in our day to day lives, that whenever we start a discussion something with someone, disagreement and conflicts bound to appear. Disagreement causes dissatisfaction, disapproval and emotional disorder. Disagreement further means disapproval. To handle this, you need skill.

How you react to a contradiction, as everyone is in competitive mood is the plot of interest for the assessors. The System wants to see your reaction against contradiction. Whether are you able to be emotionally stable? Or are you able to maintain the degree of patient listening? Differences are ought and bound to happen and one should have the emotional stability to resolve the emotional disturbances and emotional disorders. What is required to be done?

The Group Discussion warrants and invites your arguments. The assessors would like to see as to how much mentally cool and composed are you. The moment you speak your tone, your selection of words, your gesture come which further create your acceptability in the group.

Please do not seek an opportunity to stop the discussion. Qualities will come when the discussion is alive. If you are 41 able to draw the discussion in your favour, taking the consideration and the interest of your fellow members, that too with acceptable gesture and emotional order, you would hold a high chance to sail ahead.

Managing the contradiction is more important rather than entering into contradiction. Being mentally composed means to remain cool, calm, balanced and lively to maintain the harmony. Body language is an indication of your intention and mental language.

Body language should not overpower your words. Without body language, you become neutral.

The combination of speed and accuracy makes you sharp, intelligent and speedy. The existence of Leadership is to manage the Crisis. The Crisis may be of any nature or at any place. The role and responsibility of the basic intelligence is to decide and enhance your predictive value. Power is one of the psychological needs. Power is balanced by power.

The structure of the society requires power and our very existence is to manage crisis. The main thing that will get you recommended in the Stage I is whether you speak or not. It is generally seen that aspirants with good stories, being rejected, and equally with normal stories being selected. The person who speaks considering the interests of the group gets recommended to stage II testing. They are interested in those aspirants, who will show their qualities in the next 5 days and not the ones who do not have enough confidence to do so.

The techniques of writing the story have been discussed in the TAT chapter. All the basics remain the same be it Screening or TAT. It helps in recording various emotional and behavioral reactions, what previous experiences determined them, to what degree and what manner.

It is based on the very popular psychological theory that In every living Organism, a Stimulus creates a Response. Stimulus Response The technique employed at the selection centre is Projective Testing.

Projective Testing The word Projection has two psychological uses which can be clearly distinguished; these are in psychotherapy and exploration of personality. In psychotherapy, the projection process implies the referral or attributing of one s own repressed emotional trends to others. In exploration of personality, a projective is one which aims at exteriorizing, 43 that is, as if projecting on screen a spontaneous written behaviour or basic interpersonal attitudes.

These have been widely used in personality assessment. The projective technique stem from the idea that what one perceives in the world around him is influenced by his own personality, his needs, his attitudes etc. As Tomlinson has rightly said We see things not as they are, but as we are! These tests are conducted under time and space pressure so as to elicit from the individual, his unrestricted and free responses to stimulus situations.

The assumption is that what he perceives and records as responses is a projection of his own self. There is also Self Description SD through which the individual projects his attitude towards himself, other s attitude towards him and his capacity for objective self estimation.

The rating achieved in the intelligence test is also referred to by the psychologist as a valuable input. These techniques help in finding out the individual s inner feelings, fears, hopes, attitudes and goal: his adjustment to work and people and his sense of responsibility, the impact he creates on others by his intellectual, social, emotional, and moral qualities and also his leadership potential.

The psychologist goes about interpreting the individual s reactions to various stimuli presented in different tests and then goes on to make a mental picture of various traits of the individual s personality and their relevance various OLQ s.

It is not a fact based test, rather it is based on opinion, emotions, value and attitude of the person.

What colour and combination are given to the story, which aspects are dominated, does the individual show value, emotions, helping attitude, sacrifice, faithfulness with full of challenges, is all seen through this test.

For these aspects, one is required to go beyond the obvious. Going beyond the obvious will enhance the imagination process and imagination has no prescriptional limit. It is well said Your Imagination can take you places, which you can t even imagine!

TAT is purely based on your Perception. So far as the definition goes - Perception It is the process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment.

TAT basically requires you to perceive a Thema or Story. The story requires a Hero, who must face challenges and risk, but should not fail. Depending on the situational 45 crisis, the hero may face the failure for time being, but finally he should succeed.

There is no Courage without challenges and risks; there is no Motivation without failure and setbacks. There must be a minimum distance between you and your hero. There should be a similarity between age, sex and character. There may be a possibility of difference in perception, emotions and ability, but not in terms of the achievement. To be precise, your hero s achievement is the manifest of your own achievement.

Let s see some sample stories: It is the picture of a young man pointing out at another person, who is seen running. It is an evening or night scene. Story: Due to meager representation of youngsters in the recruitment drive of the Army conducted recently, Suresh Kolte, a sports coach started to train the youngsters of Satana village in Maharashtra.

In the month of Feb 12, , he started with one boy. After a week the strength went to five. For the entire Feb month, he made them familiar with written and physical tests. Right from March 1, he made the entire course competitive. He started pointing towards the best one to follow the speed and maintain the time in physical as well as written practice session. In the month of April, out the 5 boys, 4 got selected in the recruitment drive organized by the Army at the Southern Command, Pune.

Seeing the results, many youngsters joined the centre and started taking training for the next batch. Interpretation The Hero under took the challenge, chose the undriven field in that locality challenging ability. For the said ability, one has to go beyond the duty, which is sense of responsibility. In most of the case, the sense of responsibility is often dubbed with the risk taking ability, which this hero had.

His punctuality, dedication of fixing the schedule and training program reveals his planning and organizing ability. Pointing the best one to be followed by the rest one shows competitive ability and motivation.

With his hard work and sacrifice, he creates an exemplary result that would mean leadership by example. Seeing the result, youngsters of neighbouring villages got themselves motivated and joined the training centre shows the motivation level and inspiration. A Leader is required to act against emergency and challenges. Isn t it the requirements of a Defence Officer? IT denotes the demand or the job requirement of the Armed Forces and it is possible only through an adventure which spells the challenges and the risks of life, that too with willingness on the part of the individual.

MY APPOINTMENT WITH PSYCHOLOGIST

Stress Crisis Given Observation to the picture and imagination to Appercept Perceive Here Imagination comes into picture or is required For writing the story, you have to plot the Thema and find a clue, as imagination does not take place in vacuum. It only happens in clue. You are not here for the executive or managerial job. But, you are the person to brave the Dust, Dirt and Dent of Life.

On the way back to their home, they used to eat the mangoes while trespassing into an orchard. On day, the Mali caught both of them and started taking them to their parents. Ram confessed the fault with Raghu and requested not to take them to their parents. In return, they promised to do something for the farm. On the coming Sunday, Ram and Raghu went along with their five friends.

Along with the Mali, they cleaned the farm, repaired the boundary walls and sprayed pesticides. They promised the Mali to do this once in every month. Mali became happy and gave them fruits and they all became friendly to each other. Your evaluation becomes positive and goes in your favour, the moment you start admitting and confessing faults or wrong-doings. Interpretation: The Hero trespassed into the orchard, when caught confessed the fault Initiative in an acceptable and submissive way.

Also, he made the confession Courage with his friend not to repeat it the Hero had 49 Self-Confidence and a good friendly influence on his friend. Further, he requested not to take to their parents on their promise to do something good for the garden Sense of Responsibility. The technical guidance to all the Boards and the training of the personnel employed on Selection duties is provided by the DIPR.

The methods of selection have fluctuated from brisk and arbitrary to elaborate and intricate. Through proper selection of the new entrants, it is possible to build a desirable culture and desirable norms in the organization in the Armed Forces. A proper Selection System helps to achieve A feeling of satisfaction amongst the employees, that their capabilities are being utilized by the organization and they are not wasting their talents.

This feeling is likely to raise the morale of the employees and may result in higher ends of commitment and productivity. Supplying the right people to the organization. One wrong person selected for a given job can cause a host of problems in an organization.

Therefore, an organization should ensure that suitable people are recruited, even if it involves some investment. The selection at the entry level in the private world is done on as required basis and has the best fit philosophy, meaning that the best of the lot is selected.

The Armed Forces has a right fit philosophy, wherein the Selection Centres are not aware of the vacancies and they recommend aspirants for selection, whom they find fit for the services. The process of selection varies from organization to organization. Here, at the SSB s, the story is entirely different as far as the selection procedures are concerned. Psychological Testing. Interview Testing.

My Appointment With A Psychologist [FREE eBook]

Group Testing. The basis for operation of these three techniques can be related to a very old concept of understanding people, according to which personality of an individual can be assessed by a. Observing how one utilizes his Mental Faculties. Manasa b. Listening to his Conversation. Vacha c. Watching how he performs on the Ground. Karmana Manasa Aspirant at SSB Vacha Karmana 18 Thus, precise observations of manifestations of these three aspects, namely Manasa, Vacha and Karmana provide sufficient information to assess an individual s personality.

These three techniques thus present a three dimensional picture of the aspirant. There is a two stage selection procedure. The Stage I testing process Day 1 consists of 1. Picture Perception and Discussion Test. Psychological Testing Day 2 a. Thematic Apperception Test. Word Association Test. Situation Reaction Test. Self Description Test. Group Testing Day 3 and 4 a. Group Discussions.

Group Planning Exercise c. Progressive Group Task. Group Obstacle Race. Half Group Task. Individual Obstacles. Command Task. Final Group Task.

My Appointment With a Psychologist

The Interview is carried out by an Interviewing Officer on the day, the aspirant is available. Final Conference Day 5 A final conference of all the three assessors who have been assessing each aspirant is held. Each aspirant is discussed and based on the assessment of all the three assessors, the aspirant is termed to be recommended or not for Stage II.

Those declared medically fit are recommended for selection. Thereafter, a Merit List of aspirants are prepared. Depending upon the number of vacancies, call letters are sent to the aspirants who make it in the Merit, directing them to report to the Training Institutes. Because, you are being taken to lead the men in war. For your men, your orders would mean the difference between life and death.

One wrong person selected can pose a threat to lives of many people. The SSB s would never select the wrong people and reject the right ones. Let me give you a common example. Suppose, you go to download a gold coin. The jeweller hands you the coin and you look at it in awe, by its glittering external appearance. By chance, you happen to slide your fingers over it and notice some particles coming off.

Now in doubt, you slightly rub the coin and find there is only a gold polish upon the surface and observing underneath, you found it to be made of some other metal. Frankly tell me, would you like to download such a coin? This is exactly the same way, the SSB s function as a whole. They just slide their fingers over the aspirants using their primary techniques Stage I testing and see the 22 particles of artificial behaviour coming off. Next, they rub you over and above, thus revealing your unnatural and facade personality Stage II testing.

As you didn t download the above coin, they don t want to download you either. On my discussion with a Senior Psychologist, I encountered a disheartening truth. He told me that some aspirants genuinely possess the attributes of becoming an officer, if not every one.

But where the problem lies is that, they put a hard shield of artificiality upon themselves and lose flexibility. Now as mentioned above, the SSB s have got loads of weapons in their armour, to rip and blow off even the toughest of the shields that has been put up.

And the result? Please take the courtesy to imagine. When I am speaking of the aspirants who possess the qualities of becoming an officer, I would like to quote some important points, which I think should make a difference in thinking.

The selection at the entry level in the private world is done on as required basis and has the Best Fit philosophy, meaning that the best of the lot is selected. The Armed Forces has a Right Fit philosophy, wherein the Selection Centres are not aware of the vacancies and they recommend aspirants for selection, whom they find fit for the services.

The wide perception gap between the Best Fit and Right Fit is matter of worry and this leads to unnecessary Competition. Throughout the history of Services Selection System, Competition only and itself has never been instrumental nor capable to push the performances to win the recommendation.

During our childhood days, we all have come across the story of Six Blind Men and the Elephant. We know the story, of how the men were given the opportunity to individually touch and feel the elephant and draw a conclusion as to how an elephant looks. Each person perceived the elephant as per his senses. Same is the case with the aspirant s perception of SSB s. We say and do things, which we have learnt from somewhere, regardless of realizing what the situation is. For instance, no soon do we listen to the topic in the group discussions, than we start Yes Gentlemen I think We compete mutually.

We pay no heed to the Stimulus, bye-pass it and directly Respond. We don t see as to what is the demand of the situation and act aimlessly. The natural and simple approach is the Stimulus - Response approach.

It is Mother Nature s way of helping human beings thrive on planet Earth. Throughout the book, I have tried to explain this approach. So, you can read further to know details. Try to go into the realm and depth of what is mentioned and you will feel the change. Stimulus Response In order to bring a change into our personality, we must know how the personality is formed over a period of time. Is it something a few lucky people are born with a gift from the Gods?

Or is it within the reach of everyone? If it can be acquired, then why doesn t everyone develop the kind of personality that will bring him success, popularity and happiness that everyone wants? If it can be acquired, then why so many people have the personalities that bring them the things they do not want: failure, unhappiness and lack of social acceptance? The term personality is derived from the Latin word persona which means mask.

To disapprove the traditional belief that personality is some nebulous, mysterious quality, the studies have suggested that the personality pattern is something that can be objectively observed in the speech and actions of the individuals and measured with a relative degree of accuracy. Of all the definitions of personality, the most widely accepted is the short, but all including definition proposed by psychologist Gordon W. Allport of Harvard University. He said: Personality is the dynamic organization, within the individual, of those psycho-physical systems, that determine his characteristic behavior or thought.

If we analyze the key words in the above definition, it will give us a comprehensive meaning and convey how much stress Allport has placed on Motivation. It points that personality is not just the sum 27 of traits, one added to another, but rather that the different traits or manifest aspects of the personality pattern are held together and influenced by a central core, called the Concept of Self b Dynamic: Dynamic refers to constantly or changing nature to personality.

Not only does the personality become more complex in structure as the individual s physical and psychological characteristics, but from time and from situation to situation, there are changes in structural organization. The changes are not radical nor are they necessarily permanent. They are, in effect, fluctuations in the intensity of traits already present. They are thus quantitative rather than qualitative changes.

The dynamic nature of personality accounts for the difficulty experienced in trying to measure it. Within the individual, these systems lie behind specific acts and influence the form they will take. Once an attitude, belief, habit, sentiment or some other element of psychophysical systems has been aroused by a stimulus, either from the environment, or within the individual, it provokes and expresses adjective act which are characteristic form of expression of that individual.

Even the behavior and concepts that people apparently share with others are in reality individual. Some, of course, are less idiosyncratic than other but none lacks a personal flavor. And what the person does mainly is adjust to environment, though he may also reflect on it.

This means that patterns of behavior, determined by the psycho-physical systems within the individual, are not aimless, but are directed towards goal of fitting the individual into the physical and social environment in which he lives. Personality is Unique As Allport has said, each person is unique and never repeated phenomenon. Each person is unique in that, it differs from all other patterns in the combination and organization of its constituent traits, in the strength of different traits, and in its core- the person s concept of himself.

While a person s attributes may be qualitatively similar to those of other people, each of his attributes differs quantitatively from those of other.

You may, for example, find any number of brave men, but each man s bravery will differ quantitatively from that of the other. As Allport pointed out, Nature s method of sexual reproduction guarantees superlatively novel genetic equipment for every mortal that is born. Each of the 46 chromosomes that appear in a newly formed cell which will eventually develop into a new human being contains approximately 30, genes or carriers of individual traits.

The likelihood of duplication of this hereditary endowment, as has been estimated is, one in billion. It is therefore important to define the environment, since two individuals may behave differently only because; they are, by chance encountering different conditions.

No two human beings with the possible exception of identical twins have even the potentiality of developing alike, especially when to all these genetic difference we add the differences that will occur in the environment and experiences of each mortal person. B Factors or Hereditary Factors. Both of these vary from person to person.

Furthermore, the effect of environmental simulation is influenced by others, past and present, both constitutional and environmental. Even when the hereditary endowment is identical, as in identical twins, 30 the chances of an identical environment of identical life experiences, and of identical reactions and interactions are believed to be zero.

Role of Heredity The personality pattern is inwardly determined by and closely associated with the maturing of physical and mental characteristics which constitute the individual s hereditary endowment.

Although, social and other environmental factors affect the form the personality pattern takes, it is not instilled or controlled from without but evolves from the potentials within the individual.

The principle raw materials of personality physique, intelligence and temperament are results of heredity. How they will develop will depend on environmental influences. Concept of Self The personality pattern is composed of core or center of gravity called the Concept of Self and integrated systems of learned responses, called traits.

These are interrelated, with the core influencing the traits, which are the individual s characteristic methods of adjustment to life situation. To show the inter-relationship, the pattern can be compared to a wheel in which the hub represents the concept of self and the spokes represent the traits.

Just as the spokes of the wheel are held in position and, thus influenced by the hub, so the traits are influenced by the Concept of Self.

Traits The personality pattern is unified multi-dimensional structure in which the Concept of Self is the core or center of gravity. Into this structure are integrated many pattern of response tendencies, known as traits which are closely related to and influenced by the Concept of Self.

The major function of traits is to integrate lesser habits, attitudes and skills into larger thought-feeling-action patterns. The Concept of Self is the true core or center of gravity of the pattern. Personality traits have been described and defined in many ways though most of the descriptions and definitions are similar in that they include certain common salient points.

A trait has been described as an aspect of dimension or personality which consists of a group of related and consistent reaction characteristic of person s typical adjustment. All descriptions and definitions of traits emphasized that traits are learned tendencies to: a Evaluate situations in a predictable way and b React in a manner which the person has found more or less successful in similar situations and when similarly motivated.

As a result, the traits while being predictable are not automatic acts which occur in the same form every time they are aroused by the core of personality pattern-concept of Self. Allport has stressed the role of learning in bringing about slight variations a predictable manner a person adjusts to situations.

The trait clusters are divided into two categories; Surface and Source traits. Surface traits are those that show the influence of environmental molding and which therefore vary in different cultures. Source traits are environmental or constitutional factors so basic that they apply in any culture and influence many difference surface traits.

Characteristics of Traits Every trait has three characteristics: Uniqueness, degree of likeableness and consistency.

Like intelligence, it is distributed as per normal distribution curve with most people clustering around the mean or the average in any particular trait. These attitudes towards result from social learning in a particular cultural setting and are almost universal within the culture. Consistency like uniqueness is 33 relative. A person may be self-confident in a situation because he has mastered the skills needed to adjust to it and has experienced success in similar situations and vice-versa.

Role of Learning Attitudes towards self, characteristic modes of responding to people and situations, attitudes towards the assumption of socially approved roles, and methods of personal and social adjustment, including the use of defense mechanisms are learned through repetition and are reinforced by the satisfaction they bring.

Gradually, the Concept of Self is built up and the learned responses become habitual constituting the traits in the individual s personality pattern. Social pressures within and outside the home determines what traits will be incorporated into the pattern. Knowing that learning plays an important role in the development of the personality pattern, it is important for two reasons a Firstly, it tells us that control can be exercised within hereditary limitations, to ensure that the individual will develop the kind of personality pattern that will lead to good personal and social adjustments.

But, it is not totally inherited. It is a product of learning during the course of prolonged social relationships with people both within and outside home. Three major factors are up in determining the development of personality pattern namely Individual s hereditary endowment, Early experiences within the family and Important events in later life outside the home environment.

How different environmental influences affect personality development is illustrated in the figure below: 35 Moulding the Personality It is, by now a well established fact that the environment plays a very important role in moulding a personality.

Studies also show that personality moulding begins early in life and that the early years are the critical ones. Once the foundation is laid, the environmental influences become less important with each passing year. The environmental sources of personality molding include the family, the school, the peer group, mass media, religion and person s occupation. Studies of long term persistence show that relatively minor changes occur in the Concept of Self or the person s characteristic method of adjusting to life.

It is not easy to change the concept of self of an individual after he has crossed a certain age, since it is made of attitudes, values, beliefs and aspirations which are established early in life and become fixed with age.

The core qualities or the source qualities are more determined by heredity. They are inborn and innate traits which persist despite environment.

An intelligent person can put up a front and hide it with his intelligence and skills, but they will always surface when under stress. Those qualities or traits which are 36 built up through learning and influenced by the environment ie surface traits can be changed. In sum, the core of the personality pattern preserves the balance of traits within the pattern and thus lends stability to the pattern. Some traits are less stable than the other.

Stability increases throughout childhood and by the end of adolescence most traits have become fixed. Personality traits closely associated with the biological structure and heredity viz the source or the core qualities are more stable and then thus less amendable to changes through training.

Least stable are those which involve social relations and in our context most of the surface traits. Hence, these can be moulded. The aspirants who get recommended in Stage I are retained for further testing, while others are sent back. Verbal and Non verbal IQ Tests. Picture Story Writing. Individual Picture Story Description for about 1 minute. Group Discussion on the Story. They consist of simple linguistic, logical, analytical, and mathematical questions to test the basic common sense.

The Non-Verbal tests and its contents are given in the representation below 4. Picture Perception and Description test. Picture Perception and Discussion Test Story writing Group Discussion 40 In this test, you will be shown a picture for about 30 seconds; one minute is give to determine the age, sex, mood of the person and to write the action. The next 4 minutes is given to write a story on the same. After that a group of aspirants are made to sit in front of the assessors for the discussion test which is the second part of the PPDT.

We have observed every time, even in our day to day lives, that whenever we start a discussion something with someone, disagreement and conflicts bound to appear. Disagreement causes dissatisfaction, disapproval and emotional disorder. Disagreement further means disapproval. To handle this, you need skill. How you react to a contradiction, as everyone is in competitive mood is the plot of interest for the assessors.

The System wants to see your reaction against contradiction. Whether are you able to be emotionally stable? Or are you able to maintain the degree of patient listening? Differences are ought and bound to happen and one should have the emotional stability to resolve the emotional disturbances and emotional disorders. What is required to be done? The Group Discussion warrants and invites your arguments. The assessors would like to see as to how much mentally cool and composed are you. The moment you speak your tone, your selection of words, your gesture come which further create your acceptability in the group.

Please do not seek an opportunity to stop the discussion. Qualities will come when the discussion is alive. If you are 41 able to draw the discussion in your favour, taking the consideration and the interest of your fellow members, that too with acceptable gesture and emotional order, you would hold a high chance to sail ahead. Managing the contradiction is more important rather than entering into contradiction.

Being mentally composed means to remain cool, calm, balanced and lively to maintain the harmony. Body language is an indication of your intention and mental language.

Body language should not overpower your words. Without body language, you become neutral. The combination of speed and accuracy makes you sharp, intelligent and speedy. The existence of Leadership is to manage the Crisis. The Crisis may be of any nature or at any place. The role and responsibility of the basic intelligence is to decide and enhance your predictive value.

Power is one of the psychological needs. Power is balanced by power. The structure of the society requires power and our very existence is to manage crisis. The main thing that will get you recommended in the Stage I is whether you speak or not. It is generally seen that aspirants with good stories, being rejected, and equally with normal stories being selected. The person who speaks considering the interests of the group gets recommended to stage II testing. They are interested in those aspirants, who will show their qualities in the next 5 days and not the ones who do not have enough confidence to do so.

The techniques of writing the story have been discussed in the TAT chapter. All the basics remain the same be it Screening or TAT. It helps in recording various emotional and behavioral reactions, what previous experiences determined them, to what degree and what manner. It is based on the very popular psychological theory that In every living Organism, a Stimulus creates a Response.

Stimulus Response The technique employed at the selection centre is Projective Testing. Projective Testing The word Projection has two psychological uses which can be clearly distinguished; these are in psychotherapy and exploration of personality.

In psychotherapy, the projection process implies the referral or attributing of one s own repressed emotional trends to others. In exploration of personality, a projective is one which aims at exteriorizing, 43 that is, as if projecting on screen a spontaneous written behaviour or basic interpersonal attitudes.

These have been widely used in personality assessment. The projective technique stem from the idea that what one perceives in the world around him is influenced by his own personality, his needs, his attitudes etc.

As Tomlinson has rightly said We see things not as they are, but as we are! These tests are conducted under time and space pressure so as to elicit from the individual, his unrestricted and free responses to stimulus situations. The assumption is that what he perceives and records as responses is a projection of his own self.

There is also Self Description SD through which the individual projects his attitude towards himself, other s attitude towards him and his capacity for objective self estimation. The rating achieved in the intelligence test is also referred to by the psychologist as a valuable input. These techniques help in finding out the individual s inner feelings, fears, hopes, attitudes and goal: his adjustment to work and people and his sense of responsibility, the impact he creates on others by his intellectual, social, emotional, and moral qualities and also his leadership potential.

The psychologist goes about interpreting the individual s reactions to various stimuli presented in different tests and then goes on to make a mental picture of various traits of the individual s personality and their relevance various OLQ s.

It is not a fact based test, rather it is based on opinion, emotions, value and attitude of the person. What colour and combination are given to the story, which aspects are dominated, does the individual show value, emotions, helping attitude, sacrifice, faithfulness with full of challenges, is all seen through this test. For these aspects, one is required to go beyond the obvious.

Going beyond the obvious will enhance the imagination process and imagination has no prescriptional limit. It is well said Your Imagination can take you places, which you can t even imagine! TAT is purely based on your Perception. So far as the definition goes - Perception It is the process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment. TAT basically requires you to perceive a Thema or Story. The story requires a Hero, who must face challenges and risk, but should not fail.

Depending on the situational 45 crisis, the hero may face the failure for time being, but finally he should succeed. There is no Courage without challenges and risks; there is no Motivation without failure and setbacks.

There must be a minimum distance between you and your hero. There should be a similarity between age, sex and character.

There may be a possibility of difference in perception, emotions and ability, but not in terms of the achievement. To be precise, your hero s achievement is the manifest of your own achievement. Let s see some sample stories: It is the picture of a young man pointing out at another person, who is seen running. It is an evening or night scene. Story: Due to meager representation of youngsters in the recruitment drive of the Army conducted recently, Suresh Kolte, a sports coach started to train the youngsters of Satana village in Maharashtra.

In the month of Feb 12, , he started with one boy. After a week the strength went to five.

Description

For the entire Feb month, he made them familiar with written and physical tests. Right from March 1, he made the entire course competitive. He started pointing towards the best one to follow the speed and maintain the time in physical as well as written practice session.

In the month of April, out the 5 boys, 4 got selected in the recruitment drive organized by the Army at the Southern Command, Pune. Seeing the results, many youngsters joined the centre and started taking training for the next batch. Interpretation The Hero under took the challenge, chose the undriven field in that locality challenging ability.

For the said ability, one has to go beyond the duty, which is sense of responsibility. In most of the case, the sense of responsibility is often dubbed with the risk taking ability, which this hero had.

His punctuality, dedication of fixing the schedule and training program reveals his planning and organizing ability.You must imagine a task which is difficult, stressful and necessitates immediate action on your part.

Mahesh is doing whatever he wants and the story is running according to his wish, hence termed as Wishful-Thinking. Kingdom In exploration of personality. Final Group Task. Within 45 minutes, the fire was finally controlled.

These situations require urgent action on the part of the Hero. It would only mean the ability to convey, the way you want. You can retrieve the situation only by your immediate reaction.

KIMBRA from Anchorage
I fancy studying docunments upward. See my other articles. I have only one hobby: ball hockey.
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